|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
7-[3,5-dihydroxy-2- (3-hydroxy-5-phenyl-pent-1-enyl)- cyclopentyl]-N-ethyl-hept-5-enamide
|Licence data||US Daily Med:|
|Topical (eye drops)|
|Molar mass||415.566 g/mol|
|(what is this?)|
Bimatoprost (marketed in the U.S., Canada and Europe by Allergan, under the trade name Lumigan) is a prostaglandin analog/prodrug used topically (as eye drops) to control the progression of glaucoma and in the management of ocular hypertension. It reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) by increasing the outflow of aqueous fluid from the eyes. In December 2008, the indication to lengthen eyelashes was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA); the cosmetic formulation of bimatoprost is sold as Latisse //.
In patients using ophthalmic prostaglandins such as travoprost and latanoprost, it has been noted that there had been an increase in diameter, density and length of eyelashes. A study at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, published in May 2010, found that Bimatoprost in a gel suspension, when applied at the base of the upper eyelid eyelashes, significantly increased eyelash length. Allergan initiated clinical trials investigating the usage of Lumigan as a cosmetic drug. On December 5, 2008, the FDA Dermatologic and Ophthalmic Drugs Advisory Committee voted to approve bimatoprost for the cosmetic use of darkening and lengthening eyelashes. The medical term for this is treatment of hypotrichosis, however, the FDA approval is for purely cosmetic purposes.
For cosmetic purposes, it is administered once daily by applying the solution to the skin at the base of the eyelash.
According to Allergan's package labeling, users of its Latisse cosmetic product didn't develop darker irises in clinical studies; however, "patients should be advised about the potential for increased brown iris pigmentation which is likely to be permanent."
Several cosmetics companies have released products based on prostaglandin analogs, as non-drug cosmetics.
- Age Intervention Eyelash by Jan Marini Skin Research
- RevitaLash by Athena Cosmetics Corp.
These companies have been sued by Allergan for patent infringement. The FDA has seized Age Intervention Eyelash as an "unapproved and misbranded drug" because Jan Marini Skin Research promoted it as something that increases eyelash growth and because it is "adulterated" with bimatoprost.
Lumigan is a 0.03% solution of bimatoprost, and contains benzalkonium chloride as a preservative. Contact lenses should therefore be removed before use, and replaced no less than 15 minutes later; other eye drops or ointments should be given no less than five minutes before or after bimatoprost.
Studies have shown once-daily bimatoprost 0.03% ophthalmic solution to be more effective than timolol twice daily in reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) and as effective as or more effective than the prostaglandin analogues latanoprost and travoprost in reducing IOP.
Possible side effects of this medication are:
- May cause blurred vision.
- May cause eyelid redness.
- May darken eyelids temporarily if not applied with brush
- May cause eye discomfort.
- May eventually cause permanent darkening of the iris to brown.
- May cause a temporary burning sensation during use.
- May cause thickening of the eyelashes.
- It may cause infection if the one-time applicators which come with the genuine product are reused.
- May cause darkening of the eyelid or of the area beneath the eye.
On November 19, 2007, the FDA issued a warning during the seizure of a bimatoprost-containing cosmetic.[dead link] The warning stated that "the extra dose of bimatoprost may decrease the prescription drug's effectiveness. Damage to the optic nerve may lead to decreased vision and possibly blindness."
- "Bimatoprost Ophthalmic". MedlinePlus. January 1, 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Allergan gets FDA approval for eyelash treatment". BusinessWeek. Associated Press. December 26, 2008. Retrieved December 26, 2008.
- Rundle, Rhonda L. (2007-11-19). "Drug That Lengthens Eyelashes Sets Off Flutter". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- Grady, Scott. "Latisse (Bimatoprost) is Approved by the FDA in 2008". ChicLatisse.com. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- The Pink Sheet:  Lauren Smith December 15, 2008; Volume 70, Number 050,Page[verification needed]
- Latisse prescribing information: "Important Safety Information"
- MSNBC: FDA Seizes $2 Million Of Potentially Harmful SJ Eye Product KNTV-TV November 17, 2007 Archived November 19, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Reuters: "U.S. seizes discontinued eyelash product". Jim Wolf. November 16, 2007.
- Curran MP (2009). "Bimatoprost: a review of its use in open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension". Drugs Aging 26 (12): 1049–71. doi:10.2165/11203210-000000000-00000. PMID 19929032.
- "Long Lashes Without Prescription, but With Risks". Catherine Saint Louis. The New York Times. May 1, 2010
- "Potentially Harmful "Cosmetic" Eye Product Seized" (Press release). U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). November 19, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-05.
- Chen M, Cheng C, Chen Y, Chou C, Hsu W (2006). "Effects of bimatoprost 0.03% on ocular hemodynamics in normal tension glaucoma.". J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 22 (3): 188–93. doi:10.1089/jop.2006.22.188. PMID 16808680.
- Kruse P, Rieck P, Sherif Z, Liekfeld A (2006). "Cystoid macular edema in a pseudophakic patient after several glaucoma procedures. Is local therapy with bimatoprost the reason?". Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde 223 (6): 534–7. doi:10.1055/s-2005-858992. PMID 16804825.
- Steinhäuser S (2006). "Decreased high-density lipoprotein serum levels associated with topical bimatoprost therapy.". Optometry 77 (4): 177–9. doi:10.1016/j.optm.2006.02.001. PMID 16567279.
- Park J, Cho HK, Moon JI (2011). "Changes to upper eyelid orbital fat from use of topical bimatoprost, travoprost, and latanoprost.". Japanese Ophthalmological Society 55 (1): 22–27. doi:10.1007/s10384-010-0904-z. PMID 21331688.
- Jayaprakasam A, Ghazi-Nouri S. (2010). "Periorbital fat atrophy - an unfamiliar side effect of prostaglandin analogues.". Orbit 29 (6): 357–359. doi:10.3109/01676830.2010.527028. PMID 21158579.
- Filippopoulos T, Paula JS, Torun N, Hatton MP, Pasquale LR, Grosskreutz CL. (2008). "Periorbital changes associated with topical bimatoprost.". Ophthalmology Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 24 (4): 302–307. doi:10.1097/IOP.0b013e31817d81df. PMID 18645437.