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Bimbashi Arabic ("soldier Arabic", or Mongallese) was a pidgin of Arabic which developed among military troops in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, and was popular from 1870 to 1920. Bimbashi later branched and developed into three languages: Turku in Chad, Ki-Nubi in Kenya and Uganda, and Juba Arabic in South Sudan.
- Holes, C. (2004). Modern Arabic: Structures, Functions, and Varieties. Georgetown University Press. p. 26. ISBN 9781589010222. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Early East African Pidgin Arabic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Pidginization and Creolization of Languages. CUP Archive. p. 518. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- مساهمات في اللغويات العربية. Kotobarabia.com. p. 24. Retrieved 2015-02-22.