Bin picking (also referred to as random bin picking is a core problem in computer vision and robotics. The goal is to have a robot with sensors and cameras attached to it pick-up known objects with random poses out of a bin using a suction gripper, parallel gripper, or other kind of robot end effector. Early work on bin picking made use of Photometric Stereo  in recovering the shapes of objects and to determine their orientation in space.
Amazon previously held a competition focused on bin picking referred to as the "Amazon Picking Challenge", which was held from 2015 to 2017. The challenge tasked entrants with building their own robot hardware and software that could attempt simplified versions of the general task of picking and stowing items on shelves. The robots were scored by how many items were picked and stowed in a fixed amount of time.  The first Amazon Robotics challenge was won by a team from TU Berlin in 2015,  followed by a team from TU Delft and the Dutch company "Fizyr" in 2016.  The last Amazon Robotics Challenge was won by the Australian Centre for Robotic Vision at Queensland University of Technology with their robot named Cartman.  The Amazon Robotics/Picking Challenge was discontinued following the 2017 competition.
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- "Challenge Rules" (PDF).
- "2015 Results" (PDF).
- "2016 Winner".
- "2017 Results".
- "Fully Automated Random Each Picking…..no really" (PDF). Mhlc.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
- "NSF Award Search: Award#1632460 - SBIR Phase II: Versatile Robot Hands for Warehouse Automation". Nsf.gov.