Bindal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bindal kommune
Photo showing some of the landmarks in Bindal, including the second highest mountain Heilhornet (center-right part of the image)
Photo showing some of the landmarks in Bindal, including the second highest mountain Heilhornet (center-right part of the image)
Official logo of Bindal kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Bindal within Nordland
Bindal within Nordland
Coordinates: 65°05′48″N 12°35′19″E / 65.09667°N 12.58861°E / 65.09667; 12.58861Coordinates: 65°05′48″N 12°35′19″E / 65.09667°N 12.58861°E / 65.09667; 12.58861
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictHelgeland
Established1852
Administrative centreTerråk
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Britt Helstad (AP)
Area
 • Total1,264.25 km2 (488.13 sq mi)
 • Land1,192.19 km2 (460.31 sq mi)
 • Water72.06 km2 (27.82 sq mi)  5.7%
Area rank76 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,486
 • Rank354 in Norway
 • Density1.2/km2 (3/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-8.9%
Demonym(s)bindaling[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1811
Official language formBokmål
Websitebindal.kommune.no

Bindal is a municipality in the Helgeland region in the extreme southwest part of Nordland county, Norway. The administrative centre is the village of Terråk. Other villages include Bindalseidet, Holm, Vassås, Horsfjord and Åbygda.

The 1,264-square-kilometre (488 sq mi) municipality is the 76th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Bindal is the 354th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,486. The municipality's population density is 1.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.1/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 8.9% over the last decade.[2][3]

General information[edit]

Hildringen in Bindal (1852).

In 1838, the parish of Bindal was split into two municipalities (see formannskapsdistrikt law) because the parish included land in both the counties of Nord-Trøndelag and Nordland. The new law required that municipalities be located only in one county, so the parish was divided into two municipalities: Nordbindalen and Sørbindalen. In 1852, the county border was moved south to its current position and the municipalities of Nordbindalen and Sørbindalen were merged back together to form the municipality of Bindal. On 1 January 1964, the area around the inner Bindalsfjorden and the village of Lande (population: 296) was transferred to Brønnøy Municipality.[4]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Birnudalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Birna (now Åbjøra) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The river name is derived from the word birna which means "(female) bear".[5][6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted in 1990. The arms show six gold rivets on a blue background to represent the boat building industry in the municipality.[7][8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Bindal. It is part of the Sør-Helgeland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Bindal
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Solstad Solstad Church Holm 1888
Vassås Vassås Church Vassås 1733

Geography[edit]

Bindal borders four municipalities in Trøndelag county: Høylandet and Nærøy in the south, Namsskogan in the southeast, and Leka in the west. Bindal also has borders with the Nordland municipalities of Sømna, Brønnøy, and Grane. The Bindalsfjorden runs through the central part of the municipality.

From the coast, the municipality reaches into the mountains towards the lake Majavatnet in Grane. The tallest mountain is the 1,058-metre (3,471 ft) tall Heilhornet.[9] It also includes part of the lakes Eidevatnet and Fjellvatnet, which also partially lie in Brønnøy municipality. Other lakes include Åbjørvatnet, Kalvvatnet, and Saglivatnet. The river Åbjøra runs through the eastern part of Bindal. Part of the island of Austra is in Bindal.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Bindal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Brønnøy District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Bindal is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[11]

Bindal Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet9
 Centre PartySenterpartiet2
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Local ListsLokale lister5
Total number of members:17

Economy[edit]

The most important industries in Bindal are aquaculture, farming and forestry.

Culture[edit]

Boat races for Nordland boats have been held annually since 1978 in the main village of Terråk during the last weekend of June. Bindal has a traditional boat-building industry and Nordland boats are still manufactured here.

Education[edit]

Bindal has two schools; one of them is classified as independent and therefore not administered by the municipality.

  • Terråk skole in Terråk is a 1st-10th grade school and the largest in Bindal with approximately 100 students attending it.
  • Bindalseidet friskole is an independent school located in Bindalseidet. It is a 1st-10th grade school.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ Den Norske historiske forening (1871). "Bemerkninger om stedsnavnene i den søndre del af Helgeland". Historisk tidsskrift (in Norwegian). Kristiania: 108. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 1.
  7. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Bindal" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  9. ^ "Heilhornet". Retrieved 2008-11-19.
  10. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  11. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.

External links[edit]