Bindhyabasini Temple

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Bindhyabasini Temple
बिन्ध्यबासिनी मन्दिर
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictKaski
DeityBindhyabasini, Kali, Bhagawati
FestivalsFulpati, Navadurga, Shivaratri
Governing bodyBindhyabasini Dharmik Chettra Bikash Samiti (बिन्ध्यबासिनी धार्मिक छेत्र बिकाश समिति)
Location
LocationPokhara
StateGandaki
CountryNepal
Bindhyabasini Temple is located in Nepal
Bindhyabasini Temple
Shown within Nepal
Geographic coordinates28°14′16″N 83°59′03″E / 28.2378°N 83.9842°E / 28.2378; 83.9842Coordinates: 28°14′16″N 83°59′03″E / 28.2378°N 83.9842°E / 28.2378; 83.9842
Architecture
TypeShikharaShikhara
CreatorSiddhi Narayan Shah or Khadgaman Malla
Completedc 1760
Specifications
Temple(s)1
Monument(s)1
Elevation915 m (3,002 ft)
Website
http://bindhyabasinitemple.com/
The Bindhyabasini temple in the evening

The Bindhyabasini Temple (Nepali: बिन्ध्यबासिनी मन्दिर) is the oldest temple in the city of Pokhara, Nepal and is located in Ward No. 2, Miruwa.[1] It regularly attracts a large number of locals, Nepalis from across the country and foreigners alike.[2] The main temple is devoted to goddess Bindhyabasini, a Bhagawati who is the incarnation of Kali. There are smaller temples of goddess Saraswati, Shiva, Hanuman, Ganesha in the premises. The temple is situated atop a small hill and can be accessed via stone staircases on the East and North East.

The views of the Himalayas from the North of the temple are breathtaking while from the South one can see the expanse of Pokhara city.

History[edit]

The temple was established circa 1760s.[3] King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah, the then king of Nepal appointed Kahindra Padhya Poudel in June 1815 AD as temple priest replacing Harivamsha Padhya. Its stated the priest could use the Guthi Lands endowed for the temple to perform regular and ceremonial puja.[4]

Legend on the establishment of the temple[edit]

The king of Kaski, Sidddhi Narayan Shah or the king of Parbat Khadgaman Malla saw a dream about establishing a temple for goddess Bindhyabasini. He had his men go to Bindhyachal Parbat (currently in Uttar Pradesh, India) to bring back a statue of the goddess. The men when returning set camp for a night in the current location of the temple. When they woke up the next morning to resume their journey, they found they couldn't lift the statue from the ground. When informed of the situation, the king directed his people to establish the temple and hence the beginning of Bindhyabasini Temple.

Common belief about goddess Bindhyabasini[edit]

Goddess Bindhyabasini is commonly believed by the residents of Miruwa that she is the replacement for the eighth child (Lord Krishna) of Devaki and Vasudeva. When Kansa tries to kill the child, who's been exchanged, she, who's herself a Devi disappears and is in fact goddess Bindhyabasini.

Architecture[edit]

There's no information about the style of the original temple (and it is assumed to have been rebuilt at some point) but the current temple is in Shikhara style. Shikhara style of temple architecture is considered older than the much prevalent Pagoda architecture.

Buildings in the premises[edit]

Saraswati Mandir[edit]

Hanuman[edit]

Shiva Mandir[edit]

Bindhyabasini Sanskrit Vidyalaya[edit]

Book store[edit]

Vishnu Mandir[edit]

Ganesha Mandir[edit]

Jogi Paati[edit]

Temple Area Management[edit]

The temple is currently managed by Bindhyabasini Dharmik Chettra Bikash Samiti [5]which has carried out a number of improvements and upgraded the area. Examples include establishment of Gurukul bhawan, upgrades to various smaller temples in the area, upgrade of Bindhyabasini park below the temple area etc.

History[edit]

Administration[edit]

Accessibility[edit]

A lift with a capacity of 12 people was installed [6]in the temple premises and inaugurated by the President of Nepal on March 07, 2019. The lift is primarily used by disabled pilgrims and seniors.

A Senior Citizens Friendship Center was established in January 2016.[7] The facility allows for a meeting point for senior citizens, provides food every day to those who attend and arranges for talks on a variety of subjects.

Noted Fact[edit]

Most of Pokhara city was destroyed in the fire of 1949 and the fire was allegedly started in Bindhyabasini temple while performing an offering which later spread out of control.[8]

Temple in the News[edit]

  • The royal couple of former King Gyanendar and Queen Komal did puja at the temple March 27, 2004.[9]
  • Indian Army Chief comes visiting, locals know he speaks fluent Nepali, February 13, 2018.[10]
  • Navadurga Festival organized by Bindhyabasini Dharmik Chhettra Bikash Samiti September 21, 2017.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ . 15 June 2020 https://web.archive.org/web/20200615050624/http://pokharamun.gov.np/sites/pokharamun.gov.np/files/Ward%202.jpg. Archived from the original on 15 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Soaring Indian arrivals boost Pokhara tourism". 14 June 2020. Archived from the original on 14 June 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  3. ^ Adhikari, Jagannath (2017). Pokhara: Urbanization, Environment and Development. Amazon: Kindle Edition. pp. Loc 86.
  4. ^ Regmi, Mahesh (1 December 1974). "Regmi Research Collections". Regmi Research Collections. 42: 1.
  5. ^ "Lift Inauguration at Bindhyabasini Temple Premises". 14 June 2020. Archived from the original on 14 June 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  6. ^ "President Bhandari inaugurates lift | eAdarsha.com – English Version". 14 June 2020. Archived from the original on 14 June 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  7. ^ "My Republica - Chief Secy Subedi inaugurates Senior Citizens Friendship Center". 15 June 2020. Archived from the original on 15 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  8. ^ Reed, Dave; McConnachie, James (7 November 2013). The Rough Guide to Nepal. Rough Guides UK. ISBN 978-1-4093-6034-6.
  9. ^ "Royal couple visits Bindhyabasini". The Himalayan Times. 27 March 2004. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Visiting Indian army chief visits Bindhyabasini temple". 14 June 2020. Archived from the original on 14 June 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Navadurga Festival kicks off in Pokhara". 15 June 2020. Archived from the original on 15 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020.