in Sri Lanka
|Gal Oya (1956)|
|Black July (1983)|
The Bindunuwewa Massacre or Bindunuwewa Prison Massacre took place on October 24, 2000, at a detention center of Bindunuwewa, Sri Lanka, resulting in the deaths of 26 minority Tamil political prisoners by a mob of majority people.
On October 24, 2000, a mob of a few hundred villagers armed with knives, rods and torches stormed the detention center. The Sri Lankan Army detachment that was posted there had been withdrawn the previous day, for unknown reasons.
Initially, the government responded by saying that the detainees had rioted and that the massacre was an outcome of an attempt to control the rioting. Then it was claimed that the police were unable to protect the detainees in the face of superior mob force. Eventually, the government charged a few police officers with a crime. Most were initially convicted of murder, only to be released by the Sri Lankan Supreme Court in 2005.
A number of theories have been postulated to explain the massacre:
- It was organized by local Sinhala nationalist political activists with the connivance of Sri Lankan Army and police personnel.
- It was a reaction by the local villagers who resented the detention center in their neighborhood.
- It was organized by the military establishment to thwart an attempt by the detainees to go on hunger strike in the subsequent days to protest their detention.
- List of attacks attributed to Sri Lankan government forces
- List of attacks attributed to the LTTE
- List of massacres in Sri Lanka
- "The Curse of Impunity Part I: Bindunuwewa, the Thin End of the Wedge of Impunity". University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna). Retrieved 16 July 2019.
- "Sri Lanka: Failure of Justice for Victims of Massacre". Human Rights Watch. 2005-06-02. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
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