Bindusagar Tank

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Bindusagar Tank
Bindu Sagar, Old Town, Bhubaneswar.jpg
Geography
Country India
State Odisha
Location Bhubaneshwar
Architecture
Architectural styles Kalingan Pancharatha Style
(Kalinga Architecture)
History and governance
Date built 7th/8th century A.D.

Bindusagar is located in the right side of the Talabazar road leading from Kedargouri Chowk to Lingaraja Temple, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. This road is also known as Bindusagar Road. It is now under the care and maintenance of Lingaraja Temple Administration. The tank is enclosed within a masonry embankment made of dressed laterite blocks. It is the largest water body of Bhubaneswar. All the rituals of Lord Lingarajaa are closely associated with this tank.

Tradition & legends[edit]

According to the local tradition, Siva and Parvati after their marriage came to Varanasi. But with the passage of time, Varanasi became a populated area. Lord Siva chose Ekamrakshetra for meditation in disguise. This place was having a single huge mango tree surrounded by jungle. Even it was unknown to Parvati. This place is also known as gupta kashi hidden Varanasi hidden Varanasi. With the reference from lord Bramha, Devi Parvati came to know about this place and came to Ekamra-Kshetra to search her Lord Shiva. Also she noticed that thousands of cows are going under the huge mango tree and automatically milking a place. She understood that her Lord Shiva is there. So she took care of the cows as a milkmaid. (Gopaluni Temple is There inside Lingaraj Temple Complex and this is one out of the Astmurti) The place from which the cows were coming is known as Gosahasreswara or Gosagaresvar. Devi Parvati in the milkmaid get-up was looking too attractive. It was also noticed by the two demons of this locality, known as Kirti and Vasa. They proposed Parvati to marry. But Parvati killed the two demons by pressing them into the ground with her feet. That particular place became famous as Devi Padahara. After killing the demons Parvati became tired and took rest at a place called Bhabani Shankar Temple. Parvati felt very thirsty and to quench her thirst lord Siva struck his trident at this place, out of which a spring came out. The water was then sanctified by collecting the waters of all rivers, streams and ultimately took the shape of a large water body. Which is today known as Bindusagar.

Age[edit]

  • Approximate date: 7th / 8th Century A.D.
  • Source of Information: Because the temples of both formative phase to final phase are found on its embankments, the tank precede.

Physical description[edit]

  • Surrounding: The tank has embankments on all the four sides. The temple of Ananta Vasudeva stands on the eastern embankment across the road, Mohini temple in southern embankment at a distance of 13 m (43 ft), Markandesvara temple in south-eastern embankment within a distance of 20 m (66 ft), Uttaresvara temple precinct in northern embankments.
  • Orientation: Bathing ghats are provided with steps made of large size laterite blocks in all sides.
  • Architectural features (Plan and Elevation): Rectangular on plan measuring 450 m (1,480 ft) in length, 175 m (574 ft) in breadth and 7 m (23 ft) in depth. At the centre of the tank there is a pidha shrine what the locals call as Jagati. During the Chandan Yatra, held in the month of May, Lord Lingaraja visits the shrine by navigating through a boat. Chandan Yatra is the main function of the tank associated with Lord Lingaraja.
  • Decorative features: The tank is surrounded by a series of shrines. Eastern embankment: Dwarabasini, Ananta Vasudeva, Brahma, Hanuman etc. Western Embankments: Lingaraja rest house, Nilakanthesvara, Akhadachandi, Paschimesvara and Markandesvara Temple.Northern embankments: Uttaresvara Temple precinct, Emara Matha, Southern embankment: Swarnadhiswara Bhabanisankar, Sari deula, Mohini temple, Akhandalamani / Panchanana etc.
  • Building material: Dressed laterite blocks.
  • Construction techniques: Dry masonry
  • Special features, if any: It is fed by a natural spring from the underground. The excess and waste water is discharged through an outlet channel in the south eastern wall, beneath the Talabazar road near Dalmiya Dharmasala. The outlet channel measures 1.18 m (3.9 ft) in height and 1.07 m (3.5 ft)in width. As a result, the water level of the tank remains constant throughout the year. Despite such provisions made in the past to keep the tank water clean and fresh now the water is one of the most polluted among the water bodies in the city, which need special care and attention.

References[edit]

  1. Debala Mitra, Bhubaneswar, New Delhi, 1958, P. 60.
  2. L. S.S. O’ Malley, Bengal District Gazetter Puri, Calcutta 1908, P. 243.
  3. M.M. Ganguly, Orissa and Her Remains, Calcutta, 1912, P. 269.
  4. N. K. Sahu (Ed), A History of Orissa, Vol. II, Delhi, 1980, P. 270.
  5. R. P. Mohapatra, Archaeology in Orissa, Vol.I, Delhi, 1986, P. 82.
  6. R. L. Mitra. The Antiquities of Orissa, Vol. II, Calcutta, 1963, P. 118-121.