Bingara, New South Wales
New South Wales
View from HF Batterham Memorial Lookout
|Population||1,093 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||296 m (971 ft)|
Bingara (Aboriginal for 'creek') is a small town on the Gwydir River in Murchison County in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia. In 2011, Bingara had a population of 1,093 people. and is currently the administrative centre for the Gwydir Shire that was created in 2003. It has a culturally homogeneous population as residents are mostly of Anglo-Celtic background. Only 9.4% of the population is born overseas and 3.3% is of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background. It is a popular site for retirement and hence has an old population, with 53.8% aged 55 years and over, compared to the national average of 26.4%. Bingara's socioeconomic status is comparatively lower than that of Australia. Bingara is one of the few places in Australia where diamonds have been found. The Gwydir River being a main highlight of the town is a main catchment of the Murray-Darling System.
Bingara is located 141 km north of Tamworth, 54 km west of Inverell, 449 km north of Sydney and 358 km south west of Brisbane. Bingara is located very close to Myall Creek, the site of the massacre of 27 to 30 Indigenous Australians.
In 1827 Allan Cunningham crossed the Gwydir River near Bingara. At the time he mistook the river to be the Peel River, but realised his mistake on his return journey. The discovery of gold in 1852 brought prospectors to the area. In the 1880s, copper and diamonds were discovered also, causing a rapid development of the town. Bingara is one of the few places in Australia where diamonds have been found. In fact, Bingara was the largest producer of diamonds in Australia at that time. Bingara changed the spelling of its name from Bingera to Bingara in 1890. The first Bingera Post Office opened on 1 January 1853 and was renamed Upper Bingera in 1862 and closed in 1868. The second Bingera office opened in 1862 and was renamed Bingara in 1890.
Bingara sporting life consists of the Bingara Bullets (rugby league), Gwydir River Rats (rugby union) and the Bingara District Cricket Association (cricket). Notable sporting people include Andrew Hart (ex St George), sports broadcaster David Fordham, Australian Deaf Rugby player Anthony King, Dubai based rugby player Jonno Bull and Australian Country cricketer Tom Groth.
Bingara enjoys a climate of beautiful spring and autumn days through April, May and September, October. During the months of June to August the days are sunny while the nights are cold and frosty. Days during November to January are dry and hot with low humidity.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Bingara (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "BINGARA POST OFFICE". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2010-01-30.
- "Bingara, New South Wales". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Great Circle Distance between BINGARA and SYDNEY". Geoscience Australia. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Great Circle Distance between BINGARA and BRISBANE". Geoscience Australia. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- Reader's Digest Illustrated Guide to Australian Places. Sydney, NSW: Reader's Digest. 1993. p. 185. ISBN 0-86438-399-1.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- Fordham, John (27 December 2011). "Sports presenter had best seat in the house". theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- Ricketts, Steve (16 December 2011). "Sports commentator David Fordham dies of prostate cancer". couriermail.com.au. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- A. D. Parsons. "Butler, Athol Patrick (1902–1961)". Australian Dictionary of Biography.
- Bennet, Darryl (1993). "Cowper, Andrew King (1898–1980". Australia Dictionary of Biography. ANU.
Media related to Bingara, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
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