Binger, Oklahoma

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Binger, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Binger, Oklahoma
Location of Binger, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°18′31.7″N 98°20′30.2″W / 35.308806°N 98.341722°W / 35.308806; -98.341722Coordinates: 35°18′31.7″N 98°20′30.2″W / 35.308806°N 98.341722°W / 35.308806; -98.341722
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Caddo
Area
 • Total 0.87 sq mi (2.26 km2)
 • Land 0.87 sq mi (2.26 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,319 ft (402 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 672
 • Density 771/sq mi (297.7/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code 73009
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-06200[1]
GNIS feature ID 1090145[2]

Binger is a town in Caddo County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 672 at the 2010 census.[3] It is the headquarters of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, who were settled in the area during the 1870s.[4]

History[edit]

Binger was established immediately after the opening of the Wichita-Caddo Reservation in August 1901, and organized by the Washita Valley Townsite Company. It was named for Binger Hermann, then Commissioner of the U. S. Land Office. A post office named Binger opened in November, 1901.[4]

Binger's early economy was based on agriculture in the surrounding area, and whose principal crops were peanuts and cotton. The Enid and Anadarko Railway constructed a line from Bridgeport to Anadarko via Binger in 1901-2. This railway was purchased by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway in 1903, and was abandoned in 1939.[4]

The Binger Journal, a weekly newspaper, began publication in 1902. Other early businesses included:the Newell Department Store, the First State Bank of Binger, the Binger Hotel, the L. A. Cross Lumber Company and the Deer Head Saloon. The population was 257 at the time of statehood in 1907, and increased to 280 in 1910.[4]

According to the U.S. Census, the peak population was 849 in 1930, then dropped to 840 in 1940, and continuing to decline to 603 in 1960.

The Caddo Nation headquarters complex is located in Binger. It includes the Caddo Nation Heritage Museum, which opened in 2001.

Geography[edit]

Binger is located in northeast Caddo County at 35°18′32″N 98°20′28″W / 35.30889°N 98.34111°W / 35.30889; -98.34111 (35.309023, -98.341243).[5] It is in the valley of Sugar Creek, a tributary of the Washita River, part of the Red River watershed.

U.S. Route 281 passes through the town, leading north 12 miles (19 km) to Hinton and 16 miles (26 km) to Interstate 40, and leading east then south 20 miles (32 km) to Anadarko. Oklahoma State Highway 152 also passes through the town, leading west 36 miles (58 km) to New Cordell and east 56 miles (90 km) to the center of Oklahoma City.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Binger has a total area of 0.87 square miles (2.26 km2), all of it land.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910280
192048272.1%
193084976.1%
1940840−1.1%
1950773−8.0%
1960603−22.0%
197073021.1%
19807918.4%
1990724−8.5%
2000708−2.2%
2010672−5.1%
Est. 2015654[6]−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 712 people, 281 households, and 202 families residing in the town. The population density was 908.3 people per square mile (350.5/km²). There were 327 housing units at an average density of 419.5 per square mile (161.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 70.90% White, 4.80% African American, 13.70% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 3.81% from other races, and 6.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.06% of the population.

There were 281 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $24,333, and the median income for a family was $31,406. Males had a median income of $31,625 versus $19,844 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,862. About 15.5% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.6% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.

"The Mound"[edit]

"The Mound", a horror novella ghostwritten by H. P. Lovecraft for Zealia Bishop, takes place in Binger. Openings into the black abyss of N'Kai can be found near this town.

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to Find-a-Grave website, Taylor died at age 45, in Binger, OK on April 30, 2018, and is buried there in Shady Lane Cemetery.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Binger town, Oklahoma". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 6, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e May, Jon D. "Binger." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed September 14, 2018.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ [1] Accessed September 14, 2018.

External links[edit]