Binghamton, New York metropolitan area
The Binghamton Metropolitan Statistical Area, also called Greater Binghamton or the Triple Cities, is a region of southern upstate New York in the Northeastern United States, anchored by the city of Binghamton. The MSA encompasses Broome and Tioga counties, which together had a population of 251,725 as of the 2010 census. The MSA as set by the OMB fails to include the populations of Delaware County, NY; Chenango County, NY; and Susquehanna County, PA that also encompass the actual region. Large portions of the populations in Cortland County, NY; Otsego County, NY; and Wayne County, PA also work and/or conduct the majority of their shopping and business in the Binghamton MSA. Using the definition of a 30-mile radius from Binghamton, the population as of the 2010 census is 317,331.
The Greater Binghamton name was adopted in the early 21st century to better identify the region with its most well-known city in efforts of marketing and external promotion.
The area is also sometimes called the "Greater Binghamton Area" as the city of Binghamton is the largest and most prominent of the three, with a population greater than the other two combined, and a much larger geographical area. The three incorporated areas are tightly squeezed together and can seem like a single large, albeit spread out, city. They are economically integrated, though they retain their political identities. For example, many people living in Binghamton go shopping at the Oakdale Mall in Johnson City on a regular basis, and it's very common for someone living in one city to work or go to school in one of the other two.
Some have put forward the idea of merging the three into a single city, but it seems politically unlikely. While "triple cities" strictly covers only the three main municipalities mentioned, the term is also used by some to refer broadly to the surrounding area of conurbation, including Endwell, West Corners, the Upper Front Street area (which is technically in the Town of Dickinson) and perhaps most notably, the Town of Vestal. Vestal is home to the Vestal Parkway, a major commercial strip for the entire area, housing one of the two major multiplex theaters in the area, and a number of shopping plazas, major chain stores, and eateries. Binghamton University is also physically located in Vestal, though its mailing address is in Binghamton.
The Municipalities all sit together, parallel to the Southern Tier Expressway (NY 17, the main part of future Interstate 86). This along with a junction to Interstate 81, Interstate 88, and U.S. Route 11 along with New York State Route 12, form the main transportation routes for the area. NY 17, and I-81 are the high-speed roadways providing quick expressway access between the cities, while the other two serve as secondary, but important, gateways to the area (and notably US 11 which turns into Court Street in the city of Binghamton, and comes out the other end, linking up with NY 12). Interstate 88 starts between exits 5 and 6 on I-81 and terminates in Albany.
Main Street begins at downtown Binghamton and runs through Johnson City, Endwell, and Endicott.
- Binghamton (Principal city)
- Deposit (partial)
- Johnson City
- Newark Valley
- Port Dickinson
- Whitney Point
As of the census of 2010, there were 251,725 people, 102,517 households, and 62,796 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 89.8% White, 4.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.
As of the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the MSA was $37,807, and the median income for a family was $45,966. Males had a median income of $33,294 versus $24,098 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $18,921. 
Colleges and universities
- Broome County
- Binghamton University in Vestal
- SUNY Broome in Dickinson
- Davis College in Johnson City
- Elmira Business Institute in Vestal
- In Binghamton:
- Empire State College learning center
- Ridley-Lowell Business and Technical Institute's Binghamton campus
- State University of New York Upstate Medical University clinical campus
- METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-07-27.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "2010 Demographics Report".
- "Invaders Repelled". Time Magazine. January 20, 1961.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.