Binghamton shooting

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Binghamton massacre
Part of mass shootings in the United States
LocationBinghamton, New York, United States
DateApril 3, 2009 (2009-04-03) (12 years ago)
10:30 – 10:33 a.m. (EDT)
Attack type
Mass murder, murder-suicide
Weapons
Deaths14 (including the perpetrator)[1]
Injured4[2]
PerpetratorJiverly Antares Wong (born Linh Phat Voong)

On April 3, 2009, an attack occurred at the American Civic Association immigration center in Binghamton, New York. At approximately 10:30 a.m. EDT, Jiverly Antares Wong (also known as Jiverly Voong), a 41-year-old naturalized American citizen from Vietnam, entered the facility and shot 17 people inside. Wong had taken English language classes there from January to March 2009 before dropping out.

Wong killed thirteen people and wounded four others in total.

Shooting[edit]

At about 10:30 a.m. EDT, Jiverly Wong barricaded the rear door of the Binghamton American Civic Association building with a vehicle registered in his father's name.[3][4] He was described as wearing a bullet-proof vest,[5] a bright green nylon jacket, and dark-rimmed glasses.[6]

Wong entered through the front door, firing a number of bullets at people in his path.[3] At 10:30 am, Broome County Communications received several 911 calls, and the first police were dispatched to the scene.[7] Two of the Civic Association's receptionists were among the first victims shot.[8] While one of the receptionists was reported to have been shot through the head and killed,[1][9] the second, shot in the stomach,[9] feigned death and, when the gunman moved on, took cover under a desk and called 911.[10] The receptionist's call was taken by 911 staff at 10:38 am.[7] The wounded receptionist, 61-year-old Shirley DeLucia, remained on the line for 39 minutes, despite her gunshot wound, and relayed information until she was rescued.[5][11] She later recounted that the gunman had opened fire without saying anything.[9]

The gunman entered a classroom just off the main reception areas, where an ESL class was being given to students.[9][10] Out of the 16 people in the room, Wong hit 13 of them, including the professor.[12] He then took dozens of other students hostage.[6] Police arrived within minutes of the 911 calls. Hearing the alarms, Wong committed suicide by shooting himself at 10:33 am, three minutes after he first opened fire.[1][2][12][13][14] In all, Wong fired 99 rounds: 88 from a 9mm Beretta and 11 from a .45-caliber Beretta.[15][16][17]

Police response[edit]

Police remained at the perimeter of the property, having locked down nearby Binghamton High School and a number of streets in the area.[18] At one point, not knowing if the gunman was alive or dead, police summoned Broome Community College Assistant Professor Tuong Hung Nguyen, who is fluent in Vietnamese, to help communicate with Wong in the event of contact.[19]

SWAT members entered the Civic Center building and began clearing it at 11:13 am—43 minutes after the first call to the police at 10:30 am, and 40 minutes after patrol officers first arrived on the scene at 10:33 am.[20] At the time of their entry, they had not yet confirmed that Wong had committed suicide, and they proceeded with caution. At approximately 12:00 pm, ten people left the building, with another ten following approximately forty minutes later.[3] Some of the hostages had escaped to a basement, while more than a dozen remained hidden in a closet.[18] Thanh Huynh, a high school teacher of Vietnamese background, was asked to translate so the Vietnamese survivors could be interviewed by the police.[21]

Wong was found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound, in the first-floor classroom with his victims.[6][10] Items found on Wong's body included a hunting knife in the waistband of his pants;[6] a bag of ammunition which was tied around his neck;[22] and two semi-automatic pistols (a .45-caliber Beretta Px4 Storm and a 9mm Beretta 92FS Vertec Inox matching the serial numbers on his New York State pistol license).[15] Also found at the scene were a number of unspent magazines, at least two empty magazines with a 30-round capacity each, and a firearm laser sight.[16][17]

By 2:33 pm, SWAT had completed the clearing of the building, and all those inside had been evacuated.[23]

Perpetrator[edit]

Jiverly Antares Wong
Jiverly Wong.jpg
Mugshot of Wong
Born
Linh Phat Vuong

(1967-12-08)December 8, 1967
DiedApril 3, 2009(2009-04-03) (aged 41)
Cause of deathSuicide by self-inflicted gunshot wound

Jiverly Antares Wong (born Linh Phat Vuong,[24][25] Vietnamese: Vương Phật Linh; December 8, 1967 – April 3, 2009), a resident of Johnson City, New York, was identified as the perpetrator.[15][26][27]

Wong was born into an ethnic Chinese (Chinese Nùng) family in South Vietnam.[15][28][29] He and his parents, Henry Voong and Mui Thong, immigrated to New York in the late 1980s; he moved to California some time later. In 1992, Wong was arrested there and convicted of a misdemeanor charge of fraud for forgery.[30] Wong became a naturalized American citizen in November 1995; the following year, he registered a gun in Broome County, New York.[31] Sometime after that, he left the United States to live in Ottawa, Ontario, in Canada.[citation needed]

He returned to the U.S., taking up residence in Inglewood, California, in December 1999.[32] In California, Wong registered another gun.[31] While living there, Wong married and later divorced Xiu Ping Jiang. The couple had no children.[33] Wong worked for almost seven years as a delivery man for Kikka Sushi, a catering company located in Los Angeles.[34]

Wong failed to show up to work one day in July 2007, having moved to Binghamton, New York, that month, near his parents.[34] Later, he called the company to get a copy of his W-2 earnings statement in 2008, asking that it be forwarded to a New York state address.[35] Although early reports suggested Wong had recently lost his job at a local IBM plant in nearby Endicott, New York,[26] IBM said they had no records showing Wong had ever worked for the company.[26] Wong worked at a local Shop-Vac vacuum cleaner plant until it closed in November 2008.[36]

Wong had been taking English classes at the center, beginning in January 2009 and continuing through March. His attendance was intermittent, and he stopped coming altogether. He shot the students and teacher in the classroom where he had formerly attended sessions.[31]

Possible motives[edit]

Several sources suggested possible motives for Wong's attack, including feelings of being "degraded and disrespected" for his poor English language skills, depression over losing his job, and difficulty in finding work in New York.[26] A few years before the killings, he had worked as an engineer at Endicott Interconnect Technologies, a high-tech electronics company. In 2004, the company laid off five percent of its workforce. A coworker from that time said of him, "He was quiet—not a violent person" and "I can't believe he would do something like this."[37] Press TV noted that Taliban leader Baituallah Mehsud claimed responsibility for the shooting, saying, "They were my men. I gave them orders in reaction to US drone attacks." However, a spokesman for the Federal Bureau of Investigation discounted the claim as inconsistent with their evidence that Wong was the lone gunman.[38]

Binghamton Police Chief Joseph Zikuski said, "From the people close to him ... this action he took was not a surprise to them."[2] Wong had allegedly made comments such as "America sucks" and talked about assassinating President Barack Obama to his former coworkers at Shop Vac.[39]

Package mailed to TV station[edit]

Several days after the shooting, an envelope was received by the Syracuse, New York, TV station News 10 Now[27] dated March 18, 2009, and postmarked April 3, 2009, the day of the shooting.[40] The three stamps used for the postage were a Liberty Bell and two Purple Hearts.[27]

The package contained a two-page handwritten letter; photos of Wong, holding guns while smiling; a gun permit; and Wong's driver's license.[27] Of the letter itself, most of its content was a rambling, paranoid accusation of perceived police misconduct and persecution of him, especially through "secret" visits to his residences.[41]

Victims[edit]

During the shooting, Wong killed 13 people and critically wounded four. An account of each of the victims was published in The New York Times on April 6, 2009.[31]

Killed[edit]

  • Parveen Ali, age 26, an immigrant from northern Pakistan[42]
  • Almir Olimpio Alves, age 43, a Brazilian PhD in Mathematics and visiting scholar at Binghamton University, attending English classes at the Civic Association[43]
  • Marc Henry Bernard, age 44, an immigrant from Haiti[44]
  • Maria Sonia Bernard, age 46, another immigrant from Haiti[44]
  • Li Guo, age 47, a visiting scholar from China[44]
  • Lan Ho, age 39, an immigrant from Vietnam[44]
  • Layla Khalil, age 53, an Iraqi mother of three children[45]
  • Roberta King, age 72, an English language teacher who was substituting for a vacationing teacher and who had also substituted at local schools for many years[46]
  • Jiang Ling, age 22, an immigrant from China[44]
  • Hong Xiu "Amy" Mao Marsland, age 35, a nail technician who also immigrated from China in 2006[47]
  • Dolores Yigal, age 53, a recent immigrant from the Philippines[45]
  • Hai Hong Zhong, age 54, a third immigrant from China[44]
  • Maria Zobniw, age 60, a part-time caseworker at the Civic Association, whose parents were from Ukraine[31]

Wounded[edit]

The injured were treated for gunshot wounds at Wilson Medical Center in Johnson City and Our Lady of Lourdes Memorial Hospital in Binghamton.[48][49]

  • Shirley DeLucia, age 61, the Civic Association receptionist who feigned death and contacted police[50]
  • Long Huynh, age 42,[51] a Vietnamese immigrant whose wife, Lan Ho, was killed. Huynh had tried to shield her with his body,[52] but a bullet that shattered Huynh's elbow ricocheted, striking and killing his wife. Huynh was wounded three more times: he lost a finger to a shot, was hit by a bullet in his chest, and another bullet entered his chin and exited through his cheek.[20][51]
  • Two other unnamed people

Response[edit]

  • President Barack Obama referred to the shooting as "senseless violence" and offered sympathy to the victims.[53]
  • New York Governor David Paterson ordered state flags to be flown at half staff on April 8, 2009.[54]
  • Wong's parents, Henry Voong and Mui Thong of Johnson City, New York, issued a statement apologizing for their son's actions, expressing their shared grief and asking for forgiveness from the victims' families.[55]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Binghamton Rampage Leaves 14 Dead, Police Don't Know Motive". ABC News. April 3, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c "Police say N.Y. immigrant shooter's act no surprise". Reuters. April 4, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  3. ^ a b c McFadden, Robert D. (April 3, 2009). "Hostages Taken in Binghamton, N.Y." The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  4. ^ "Negotiators Work to Save Victims and Suspects". Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  5. ^ a b Rubinkam, Michael (April 4, 2009). "As NY gunman's life unraveled, he took others'". Associated Press. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d Donaldson-Evans, Catherine (April 3, 2009). "Gunman Kills 13, Himself at Upstate New York Immigrant Center". Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 6, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  7. ^ a b "Police paint rescue timeline". WBNG-TV. April 5, 2009. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  8. ^ "AP Top News at 5:38 p.m." The Associated Press. April 3, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  9. ^ a b c d Branigin, William (April 3, 2009). "Gunman Kills at Least 13 in Binghamton, N.Y." The Washington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  10. ^ a b c Kates, William (April 3, 2009). "Police: 14 killed in NY immigrant center shooting". Associated Press. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  11. ^ Kates, William (April 3, 2009). "Gunman blocks N.Y. center's door, kills 13, self". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  12. ^ a b "American Civic Association Shooting: After-Action Report & Improvement Plan" (PDF). Beck Disaster Recovery. September 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "As gunman's life fell apart, he took others'". The Associated Press. April 4, 2009. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
  14. ^ "Official: Hostages held after 'multiple' shootings". CNN. April 3, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  15. ^ a b c d Seelye, Katharine Q (April 3, 2009). "Shooting in Binghamton, N.Y." The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  16. ^ a b Green, Peter S. (April 8, 2009). "Binghamton Killer Fired 99 Shots From Two Handguns, Police Say". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
  17. ^ a b Hill, John (April 7, 2009). "Police: Shooter unloads 98 rounds in rampage". Binghamton Press & Sun-Bulletin. Retrieved April 7, 2009.[dead link]
  18. ^ a b "Man shoots at least 12, takes 41 hostage in New York". The Irish Times. April 3, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  19. ^ "IBM denies Hinchey claim that shooter was laid off from IBM". Press Connect. April 3, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ a b Rubinkam, Michael (April 6, 2009). "Questions remain in aftermath of NY shootings". Associated Press. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
  21. ^ Fernandez, Manny (April 3, 2009). "In a Town With Few Immigrants, an Unlikely Horror". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  22. ^ Muskal, Michael (April 3, 2009). "Binghamton, N.Y., gunman kills 13". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  23. ^ Baker, Robert A. (April 3, 2009). "Binghamton in shock as police investigate mass murder". The Post-Standard. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  24. ^ Huynh, Ngoc (April 13, 2009). "Jiverly Wong's father: What prompted mass killing in Binghamton remains a mystery". syracuse. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  25. ^ Group, Sinclair Broadcast (April 3, 2009). "Police: 14 killed in NY immigrant center shooting". WPDE. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  26. ^ a b c d Kates, William (April 4, 2009). "NY gunman angry over poor English skills, job loss". Associated Press. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
  27. ^ a b c d Thompson, Carolyn (April 6, 2009). "Killer Complained of 'Poor Life' in Letter". AOL News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 10, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  28. ^ Siemaszko, Corky (April 6, 2009). "Sister of Binghamton gunman Jiverly Wong says family didn't know he would explode". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  29. ^ As gunman's life fell apart, he took others', Associated Press, April 4, 2009
  30. ^ Maskaly, Michelle (April 5, 2009). "Families Bury Binghamton, N.Y. Shooting Victims; New Details Emerge About Gunman". foxnews.com. Archived from the original on April 6, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  31. ^ a b c d e Fernandez, Manny; Hernandez, Javier (April 5, 2009). "Binghamton Victims Shared a Dream of Living Better Lives". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  32. ^ "Families Bury Binghamton, N.Y. Shooting Victims; New Details Emerge About Gunman". Fox News. Archived from the original on April 6, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  33. ^ "No way police could have saved Jiverly Wong's 13 Binghamton victims, officials say". New York Daily News. April 5, 2009. Archived from the original on April 7, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  34. ^ a b "NY gunman fired 98 shots in about a minute, police chief says". CNN. April 8, 2009. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
  35. ^ Baum, Geraldine; Gorman, Anna (April 3, 2009). "Shootings in Binghamton, N.Y., 'truly an American tragedy'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 4, 2009. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
  36. ^ Hill, John; Dooling, Nancy (April 5, 2009). "Community looks for answers". stargazette.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  37. ^ "'No yelling, just silence, shooting.' a witness says". CNN. April 4, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  38. ^ "Pakistani Taliban leader claims responsibility for Binghamton shooting; authorities quickly refute". New York Daily News. April 4, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
  39. ^ Kemp, Joe (April 4, 2009). "Who is Jiverly Voong aka Jiverly Wong? Conflicting picture of Binghamton gunman emerges". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  40. ^ "READ IT: Transcript of letter purportedly sent by NY gunman". orlandosentinel.com. Associated Press. April 6, 2009. Archived from the original on April 10, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  41. ^ Wong, Jiverly. "Image of Wong's letter to News 10 Now" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  42. ^ "Two victims will be buried today". pressconnects.com. April 5, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.[dead link]
  43. ^ "Professor brasileiro é um dos 14 mortos no massacre de NY". estadao.com. April 5, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  44. ^ a b c d e f "Police defend response to Binghamton mass shooting". CNN. April 5, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  45. ^ a b Harnandez, Javier C; Rivera, Ray (April 5, 2009). "Gunman had lost job, felt "degraded"". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 6, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  46. ^ "Teacher at Civic Association among dead". Press & Sun-Bulletin. April 4, 2009. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
  47. ^ Lysiak, Matt; Goldsmith, Samuel (April 5, 2009). "Binghamton massacre victim brought joy to those around her, pal recalls". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on April 7, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  48. ^ Candiotti, Susan; Ryan, Marylynn; Crattydate, Carol (April 3, 2009). "Gunman barricaded back door before rampage, police say". CNN. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  49. ^ "Governor confirms fatalities in NY state shooting". Associated Press. April 3, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  50. ^ Phillips, Matt (April 4, 2009). "Binghamton Shooting Victims Identified". Associated Press. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  51. ^ a b Parent, Marie-Joelle (April 6, 2009). "Family shattered by Binghamton massacre". Winnipeg Sun. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
  52. ^ Kemp, Joe; Lysiak, Matthew; Goldsmith, Samuel (April 6, 2009). "Survivor of Binghamton massacre tried in vain to save his wife". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
  53. ^ Associated Press (April 3, 2009). "Obama calls Binghamton shooting act of 'senseless violence'". Syracuse.com. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  54. ^ WBNG News (April 6, 2009). "Governor Paterson Directs flags to be flown at half staff for Binghamton Tragedy Victims". Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  55. ^ syracuse.com (April 14, 2009). "Parents of Jiverly Wong apologize for shooting at immigration center in Binghamton, NY". Retrieved April 18, 2009.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°05′59″N 75°55′02″W / 42.09986°N 75.91716°W / 42.09986; -75.91716