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Alternative namesBingsoo
TypeShaved ice
Place of originKorea
Serving temperatureCold
Main ingredientsShaved ice, red beans
VariationsNokcha-bingsu (green tea bingsu), ttalgi-bingsu (strawberry bingsu), choko-bingsu (chocolate bingsu), etc.
Korean name
팥빙수 / 빙수
-氷水 / 氷水
Revised Romanizationpatbingsu / bingsu
McCune–Reischauerp'atpingsu / pingsu
IPA[pʰat̚.p͈iŋ.su] / [piŋ.su]

Patbingsu (팥빙수, -氷水, sometimes anglicized as patbingsoo, literally "red beans shaved ice") is a popular Korean shaved ice dessert with sweet toppings that may include chopped fruit, condensed milk, fruit syrup, and red beans.[1] Varieties with ingredients other than red beans are called bingsu[2] (or bingsoo).[3]

The food originally began as ice shavings with red bean paste (known as pat, ). Many varieties of patbingsu exist in contemporary culture.


The early forms of patbingsu consisted of shaved ice and two or three ingredients, typically red bean paste, tteok, and ground nut powder.[4] The earliest forms of patbingsu existed during the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910). Government records show officials sharing crushed ice topped with various fruits.[5][6]

The modern forms of patbingsu are reputed to have originated during the period of Korea under Japanese rule (1910–1945) with the introduction of a cold dish featuring red bean paste kakigori.[5][6] During the Korean War (1950–1953), foreign influence led to the inclusion of ingredients such as fruit cocktail, ice cream,[7] fruits, nuts, cereal, syrups, and whipped cream.[8] In the 1970s and 1980s, popular ingredients included fruit cocktail, whipped cream, and maraschino cherries.[7]


There are a variety of patbingsu types and flavors. Many bingsus do not necessarily follow tradition, and some do not include the red bean paste.[9] Some popular flavors are: green tea, coffee, and yogurt.[10]



In a teahouse in Kagoshima, someone made a "Shirokuma," which is said to have been named from the shape of pouring white condensed milk over the ice water in a round bowl and topped with fruits such as sweet red beans, cherries and tangerines from the top, looking like a face of a white bear.


Patbingsu can be found at most fast food restaurants, cafes, and bakeries in South Korea.[1] Patbingsu is also a very popular dessert at cafes in Koreatowns around the world.[citation needed]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Lee, Robyn (June 5, 2009). "Snapshots from South Korea: Patbingsu, a Popular Shaved Ice Dessert". Serious Eats. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
  2. ^ CNN, By Kyoung Woo Jun, for. "Seoul hotels at war over dessert -". CNN. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  3. ^ Hoo, Winyan Soo (2014-07-16). "Plate Lab: A guide to Asian shaved ice desserts halo-halo, bao-bing and bingsoo". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  4. ^ Min, Ines (June 3, 2010). "Ice cream explorations and a peek into the past". The Korea Times. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  5. ^ a b Dang, Tae Keuk (September 13, 2010). "Snowy delights and variations on bingsu". Herald Corporation. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  6. ^ a b 팥빙수[氷水] [Patbingsu]. Doopedia (in Korean). Doosan Corporation. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  7. ^ a b Imatome-Yun, Naomi. "Shaved Ice Dessert with Sweet Beans Recipe (Patbingsu)". Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  8. ^ Comeau, Kimberly (September 27, 2011). "Get ready for patbingsu: Red beans over shaved ice". The Jeju Weekly. jeju Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ "Bingsu, an unbeatable summer treat!". KOREA TOURISM ORGANIZATION. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  10. ^ Lee, Ji-yoon (July 7, 2008). "Korea's cold summer taste - naengmyeon and patbingsu". The Korean Culture and Information Service. Retrieved January 6, 2013.

External links[edit]