Binhai

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For other uses, see Binhai (disambiguation).
Binhai
滨海新区
Sub-provincial district
State-level new area
Binhai New Area
TEDA within Binhai
TEDA within Binhai
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Tianjin
Township-level divisions 19 subdistricts
7 towns
District established 2009
Government
 • CPC Secretary Zong Guoying (宗国英)
 • District Governor Zhang Yong
Area
 • Total 2,270 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 1,000,000
 • Density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Tianjin district map
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Airplane silhouette.svg
     Core districts
See inset
1 Heping
2 Hedong
3 Hexi
4 Nankai
5 Hebei
6 Hongqiao
     Suburbs
7 Dongli
8 Xiqing
9 Jinnan
10 Beichen
     Binhai and      Rural
13 Binhai 14 Ninghe
11 Wuqing 15 Jinghai
12 Baodi 16 Ji Co.
Postal Code 300000-301900
Website bh.gov.cn

Binhai (simplified Chinese: 滨海; traditional Chinese: 濱海; pinyin: Bīnhǎi), officially known as Binhai New Area (滨海新区; 濱海新區; Bīnhǎi Xīnqū), is a sub-provincial district and state-level new area within the jurisdiction of Tianjin Municipality, People's Republic of China (PRC).

Overview[edit]

Binhai New Area is located on the coast of the Bohai Sea east of Tianjin's main urban area, and is part of the Bohai Economic Rim. It is a new growth area in China, and as of the end of 2010, 285 Fortune Global 500 companies had invested and established branch offices here. Binhai is intended to be a base for China's advanced industrial and financial reform and innovation. A number of major companies including Rockefeller, Tishman Speyer, Motorola and Airbus have built branches here. For instance, EADS Airbus has already opened an assembly plant for its A320 series airliners, operational since 2009.

The Binhai New Area.

Binhai is intended to replicate development seen in Shenzhen and Pudong in Shanghai.[1] It is a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of the PRC, meaning experimental reforms are taking place here.[2]

History[edit]

The Binhai district was created by the government of China in the 1990s.[citation needed]

Starting from November 2009, Binhai New Area was consolidated into a district, and the former subordinate districts of Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang were abolished.[3] Binhai New Area consists of nine functional zones: Advanced Manufacturing Zone, Airport-based Industrial Zone, Binhai High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Seaport-based Industrial Zone, Nangang Industrial Zone, Seaport Logistics Zone, Coastal Leisure & Tourism Zone, Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City and the Yujiapu Financial District. In addition, Tianjin Port whose throughput ranks 5th in the world is also located here.[citation needed]

The Binhai district was greatly affected by a large industrial-scale accident in August 2015. On August 12, a series of explosions took place at a port chemical storage facility in Binhai, causing 173 deaths and 797 injuries. The blast had the equivalent of 21 metric tons of TNT or a magnitude-2.9 earthquake, according to the China Earthquake Networks Center. Eight other people remain missing.[4][5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are 19 subdistricts and 7 towns in the district:[6]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[7]
Xingang Subdistrict 新港街道 Xīngǎng Jiēdào 91,776
Xincun Subdistrict 新村街道 Xīncūn Jiēdào 72,831
Xiangyang Subdistrict 向阳街道 Xiàngyáng Jiēdào 88,362
Bohaishiyou Subdistrict 渤海石油街道 Bóhǎishíyóu Jiēdào 30,975
Xinhe Subdistrict 新河街道 Xīnhé Jiēdào 73,160
Dagu Subdistrict 大沽街道 Dàgū Jiēdào 43,425
Beitang Subdistrict 北塘街道 Běitáng Jiēdào 16,406
Hangzhou Street Subdistrict 杭州道街道 Hángzhōudào Jiēdào 112,173
Hujiayuan Subdistrict 胡家园街道 Hújiāyuán Jiēdào 117,235
Hangu Subdistrict 汉沽街道 Hàngū Jiēdào 50,685
Zhaishang Subdistrict 寨上街道 Zhàishàng Jiēdào 66,510
Hexi Subdistrict 河西街道 Héxī Jiēdào 38,329
Yingbin Subdistrict 迎宾街道 Yíngbīn Jiēdào 133,881
Shengli Subdistrict 胜利街道 Shènglì Jiēdào 49,335
Gulin Subdistrict 古林街道 Gǔlín Jiēdào 47050
Haibin Subdistrict 海滨街道 Hǎibīn Jiēdào 146,009
Gangxi Subdistrict 港西街道 Gǎngxī Jiēdào 31,125
Xinbei Subdistrict 新北街道 Xīnběi Jiēdào 80,702
Yujiabao Subdistrict 于家堡街道 Yújiābǎo Jiēdào 80,801
Xincheng Town 新城镇 Xīnchéng Zhèn 43,128
Chadian Town 茶淀镇 Chádiàn Zhèn 28,050
Datian Town 大田镇 Dàtián Zhèn 11,974
Yangjiabo Town 杨家泊镇 Yángjiāpō Zhèn 21,559
Taiping Town 太平镇 Tàipíng Zhèn 37,074
Xiaowangzhuang Town 小王庄镇 Xiǎowángzhuāng Zhèn 23,084
Zhongtang Town 中塘镇 Zhōngtáng Zhèn 55,586
developmental, industrial, & harbor zones 831,979

Geography[edit]

Binhai is located on the west coast of the Bohai Sea. It has an area of 3,000 km2 (1,200 sq mi), a coastline of 153 km (95 mi), and contains 700 km2 (270 sq mi) of water and wetlands.[8]

Natural resources[edit]

Binhai New Area has 700 square kilometers (270 sq mi) of water and wetlands and a further 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi) of wasteland that is being re-developed into Saline land. It has proven oil resources totalling more than 100 million tons, and 193.7 billion cubic meters (6.84 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas.[9]

Transportation[edit]

Metro[edit]

Binhai is currently served by two metro lines operated by Tianjin Metro:

Economy[edit]

Tingyi (Cayman Islands) Holding Corporation has its corporate headquarters in the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA) in the district.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://en.investteda.org/BinhaiNewArea/default.htm
  2. ^ http://english.enorth.com.cn/system/2006/08/18/001387501.shtml
  3. ^ http://news.sohu.com/20091110/n268086616.shtml
  4. ^ "Tianjin explosion: China sets final death toll at 173, ending search for survivors". the Guardian. Associated Press. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "155位"8–12"事故遇难者身份公开" (in Chinese). Sohu. 2 September 2015. Archived from the original on 14 September 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  6. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:滨海新区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  7. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  8. ^ 天津市地形地貌,2010年9月22日查阅
  9. ^ 滨海新区网:地理位置,滨海新区政府网,2010年9月22日查阅
  10. ^ "联系我们." Master Kong. Retrieved on April 11, 2014. "总部地址:中国天津经济技术开发区第三大街15号"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°00′12″N 117°42′39″E / 39.00333°N 117.71083°E / 39.00333; 117.71083