Bining

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Bining
Bining.jpg
Coat of arms of Bining
Coat of arms
Bining is located in France
Bining
Bining
Coordinates: 49°02′18″N 7°15′10″E / 49.0383°N 7.2528°E / 49.0383; 7.2528Coordinates: 49°02′18″N 7°15′10″E / 49.0383°N 7.2528°E / 49.0383; 7.2528
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Moselle
Arrondissement Sarreguemines
Canton Bitche
Intercommunality CC du Pays de Bitche
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Christian Martiné
Area1 15.91 km2 (6.14 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 1,207
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 57083 /57410
Elevation 248–379 m (814–1,243 ft)
(avg. 350 m or 1,150 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bining (German: Biningen, Lorraine Franconian: Bininge) is a commune in the Moselle department of the Grand Est administrative region in north-eastern France.

The village belongs to the Pays de Bitche.

Geography[edit]

The village lies on sloping ground on the border between wooded and open areas, in the centre of the former canton of Rohrbach-lès-Bitche.

History[edit]

Ten or so archaeological sites show that the area has been occupied since the Gallo-Roman period. Bining was referred to in 1351 as Biningen, after Bino, a Germanic man's name. The village formed part of the manor of Bitche, and in the mid-14th Century, Gérard de Warsberg was granted fiefdom over it.

Within the Roman Catholic Church, the village was organised as a succursal parish of Rohrbach, to which an Archpriest was appointed in 1821. Bining Church, which is dedicated to the Virgin Birth, was constructed shortly afterwards, in order to replace an 18th-century chapel, although the bell-tower was only added in 1846.

The village was bombed in December 1944 and January 1945, although it still contains several ancient dwellings and numerous monumental crosses, including one at the edge of the chemin de Schmittviller that is the oldest in the Pays de Bitche, dating from 1629.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 869 —    
1800 898 +3.3%
1806 912 +1.6%
1821 811 −11.1%
1836 1,246 +53.6%
1841 1,205 −3.3%
1861 1,177 −2.3%
1866 1,173 −0.3%
1871 1,151 −1.9%
1875 1,149 −0.2%
1880 1,054 −8.3%
1885 1,043 −1.0%
1890 1,068 +2.4%
1895 1,050 −1.7%
1900 1,064 +1.3%
1905 1,101 +3.5%
1910 1,100 −0.1%
1921 1,110 +0.9%
1926 1,113 +0.3%
1931 1,075 −3.4%
1936 1,087 +1.1%
1946 948 −12.8%
1954 1,035 +9.2%
1962 1,119 +8.1%
1968 1,129 +0.9%
1975 1,106 −2.0%
1982 1,117 +1.0%
1990 1,168 +4.6%
1999 1,156 −1.0%
2006 1,179 +2.0%
2009 1,207 +2.4%

See also[edit]

References[edit]