Binky (polar bear)
Binky with tourist's shoe in his mouth
Cape Beaufort on Alaska's North Slope
|Died||July 20, 1995 (age 20)|
Binky (1975 – July 20, 1995) was a polar bear who lived at the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage. He was originally orphaned near Cape Beaufort, close to the Chukchi Sea, but was found by a driller in Northwest Alaska named David Bergsrud. The area where Binky was located is known to those living outside of Alaska as the North Slope. Alaska Fish and Game was contacted shortly after Binky's discovery, and arrangements were being made to find a zoo in the Lower 48. Anchorage had a small zoo at the time, with an elephant that local grocer Jack Snyder had won in a contest and a few other donated animals. When it became known that a polar bear cub had been found, the local community began looking for ways to keep Binky in Alaska. Time was needed to find a sponsor to fund an enclosure at the Alaska Children's Zoo for Binky. Alaska Fish and Game employees came up with the idea of flying Binky to a number of the inland North Slope villages. Schools were let out in these villages so that the local children could come to the airstrip to see Binky. These events received major news coverage. Eventually,[specify] the Anchorage Zoo was able to take Binky, who quickly became one of its most popular attractions, as well as a local hero. In separate incidents in 1994, Binky mauled two zoo visitors; these events received international news coverage. Binky died in 1995 from sarcocystosis, a parasitic disease.
Binky was found orphaned near Cape Beaufort, on Alaska's North Slope, in late April, 1975 by an oilfield worker. Efforts were made to locate his mother to no avail. By early May 1975 Alaska Fish and Game were contacted and began arrangements to find a zoo in the "lower 48" that would get Binky. Word eventually got around that a polar bear cub had been found, and the communities near Nome and people in Anchorage petitioned Alaska Fish and Game to let Binky stay in Alaska. Anchorage had a small zoo at the time, (now known as the Alaska Zoo) with an elephant that one of the founders had won and a few other donated animals. AF&G found ways to stall sending Binky outside of Alaska. Time was needed to find a "sponsor" to fund an enclosure at the Alaska Children's Zoo for Binky. Alaska Fish and Game employees came up with the idea of flying Binky to a number of the inland North Slope villages. School was let out in these villages so that the children could come to the airstrips to see Binky. These visits received major news coverage. Finally things fell into place, and Alaska Department of Fish and Game allowed Binky to move to the Alaska Children's Zoo (later the Alaska Zoo) in Anchorage, where he quickly became one of the zoo's most popular attractions. His keeper commented in 1976 that Binky was a performer and cried in the evenings when his applauding, laughing visitors left for the day.
Binky was initially placed in a 13 foot by 20 foot oval cage, which he quickly outgrew. The prospect of raising the estimated $150,000 needed for a new, larger enclosure was uncertain, and zoo officials feared Binky would have to be sent to the Milwaukee Zoo. A fundraiser and open house were held to raise money for the effort, and a number of schools and businesses participated. Ultimately, the greatest contribution to the zoo's effort was the city's purchase of the zoo land for $100,000, which the zoo agreed to buy back in 55 annual installments of $2,500. Binky's new enclosure opened in May 1977. That year, Binky made an appearance as "my dog Spot" in one of Cal Worthington's car dealership commercials.
As Binky approached sexual maturity, zoo officials negotiated for the purchase of a female polar bear named Mimi from the Tulsa Zoo in Oklahoma. As the transfer was being finalized, however, Mimi died from a viral disease in Tulsa. In February 1979, young polar bear twins (Nuka, a female, and Siku, a male) joined Binky in his enclosure. Binky got along poorly with Siku, however, so Siku was given to a zoo in Morelia, Mexico in 1981.
As a full-grown bear, Binky weighed 1,200 pounds. He was an aggressive bear; in 1980, he bit off a zoo employee's finger. His keeper commented in 1983, "Binky is stubborn [and] independent, and he likes to play games. When he's really feeling obstinate, he walks halfway into his den and sits down. He knows I can't close it. He's a very smart bear."
Maulings, celebrity, and death
On July 29, 1994, 29-year-old Australian tourist Kathryn Warburton jumped over two safety rails to get a close-up photograph of Binky in his enclosure. When Binky stuck his head through the bars and grabbed her, she suffered a broken leg and bite wounds. Another tourist caught the event on tape. Binky kept the woman's shoe for three days before it could be retrieved by zoo officials, and the day after the attack, Alaska Star photographer Rob Layman took a photo of Binky holding the shoe in his mouth, an image which was printed in almost every press account of the incident. Warburton gave the other shoe to the Bird House, a bar in nearby Bird Creek that burned down in 1996.
Six weeks later, on September 11, Binky was involved in another mauling. Drunken local teenagers approached the bear's enclosure, apparently hoping to swim in his pool, and one 19-year-old was hospitalized with leg lacerations after he was mauled. The zoo did not confirm that Binky was the attacker, but the bear had blood on his face following the incident.
After these attacks, Binky received international news coverage. Binky merchandise was created, including T-shirts, mugs, and bumper stickers, often adorned with the shoe photo or with the slogan "Send another tourist, this one got away". Local letters to the editor supported Binky during both incidents, most often arguing that polar bears' dangerousness should be respected. The zoo's director, Sammye Seawell, criticized Warburton's actions in the Anchorage Daily News, saying "[s]he violated the rules and jeopardized the bear's life." Though Seawell initially insisted that the attack would not change how the zoo was run, security around Binky's cage was upgraded to keep zoo visitors out.
In 1995, Binky's cagemate Nuka suddenly became sick with the parasitic disease sarcocystosis, dying from associated liver failure on July 14, a week after her symptoms began. Shortly thereafter, Binky showed signs of the disease. On the morning of July 20, he went into convulsions and died. Zoo visitors left bouquets of flowers outside the bears' empty enclosure, and the zoo's memorial service saw a high turnout despite pouring rain. The bears were buried on zoo grounds.
- Jones, Stan (July 21, 1995). "Binky fans mourn". Anchorage Daily News. p. A1.
- "Alaska Zoo History and Mission". Alaska Zoo. Alaska Zoo. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- Jones, Sally W. (May 7, 1976). "Binky the polar bear faces uncertain future". Anchorage Daily News. p. 2.
- "Zoo to open for Binky's party". Anchorage Daily News. May 13, 1976. p. 2.
- "Meet Binky the polar bear at Alaska Children's Zoo". Anchorage Daily News. Visitor's Guide Summer 1976 insert. May 26, 1976.
- Nightingale, Suzan (August 5, 1976). "Work to start on home for Binky". Anchorage Daily News. p. 2.
- "Binky's bash nets $2,500". Anchorage Daily News. May 27, 1976. p. 2.
- "Polar delight". Anchorage Daily News. May 26, 1977. p. 1.
- "Bear joins ad team". The Times-News. Hendersonville, North Carolina. February 25, 1977.
- "Southern belle for Binky bear". Anchorage Daily News. September 19, 1977. p. 1.
- "Prolonged bachelorhood for Binky". Anchorage Daily News. December 16, 1977. p. 2.
- Elizabeth Tower (1999). Anchorage: From Its Humble Origins as a Railroad Construction Camp. Epicenter Press. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-945397-80-9.
- McCoy, Kathleen (December 29, 1983). "He's got a bear of a job". Anchorage Daily News. p. E1.
- Stephens, Jodi (April 4, 1981). "Go on safari to the zoo". Anchorage Daily News. p. G7.
- Barcus, Gwen (July 12, 1981). "Spanish comes in mighty handy for moving bears, making tacos". Anchorage Daily News. p. F2.
- Larry Kanuit (2007). Some Bears Kill: True-Life Tales of Terror. Larry Kaniut. p. 198. ISBN 978-1-57157-293-6.
- "Binky and Nuka memorial". Alaska Zoo. Archived from the original on September 27, 2006.
- Partnow, Patricia H. (Winter 1999). "Ursine urges and urban ungulates: Anchorage asserts its Alaskanness". Western Folklore.
- Komarnitsky, S.J (July 30, 1994). "Zoo's polar bear mauls tourist who climbed over two fences". Anchorage Daily News.
- Breese, Darrell L. (January 14, 2010). "Former publisher recalls the Star's early years". Alaska Star. Archived from the original on October 13, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
- Warburton, Kathryn (August 22, 1994). "Letter to the Editor". Anchorage Daily News.
- Epler, Patti (May 25, 2011). "Bird House Tavern, Risen from the Ashes". Alaska Dispatch News.
- "Metro news: mauled teen recovering". Anchorage Daily News. September 16, 1994.
- "Zoo bear suspected in mauling". Eugene Register-Guard. September 13, 1994. pp. 3A.
- Enge, Marilee (August 2, 1994). "Binky's victim blames herself: 'It was the dumbest thing I've ever done'". Anchorage Daily News.
- Badger, T.A. (September 29, 1994). "When it's bear vs. tourist, Alaskans prefer the bear". Miami Herald. Associated Press.
- Hames, Elizabeth (April 2013). "A killer bear - and the state that loved him". Up Here. Archived from the original on 2015-07-23. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- "Cheers and jeers". Anchorage Daily News. October 27, 1994.
- Jones, Stan (July 18, 1995). "Zoo bear's death mystifies officials". Anchorage Daily News. p. A1.
- Jones, Stan (July 22, 1995). "Which bug killed zoo bears?". Anchorage Daily News. p. A1.
- Stan, Jones (July 28, 1995). "Bears' death traced to sarcocystis, a rare parasite". Anchorage Daily News. p. A1.
- "Some Alaska Zoo animals getting old". Peninsula Clarion. December 3, 2000. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- Sullivan, Patty (December 20, 1997). "Zoo to hold open service for Annabelle". Anchorage Daily News. p. D1.
- Phillips, Natalie (October 8, 1996). "Jackie the brown bear, ailing with cancer, is euthanized". Anchorage Daily News. p. B3.
- Animal Planet video report on the first mauling, including footage of the attack itself
- Associated Press footage of first mauling