Bio fireplace

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A bio fireplace (also on bio-ethanol fireplace, ethanol fireplace) is a type of fireplace or furnace with combined zones generation of heat and technological process – combustion of fuel (denatured alcohol). This fireplace can be installed without a chimney and gives the real flame, not imitation. The main part of each bio fireplace is the burner. The burner is a metal container with various shape and dimensions. The burner is filled with fuel, usually it is bioethanol. Fuel is poured into the burner and lit with an extended candle lighter as suggested. Bio fireplaces should be operated with care, since bioethanol is highly flammable.[1][2][3] Severe burn accidents can happen.[1][4] Bioethanol-fueled decorative fireplaces are dangerous even by intended use.[5] Gases from combustion, like carbon dioxide and nitrogen dioxide, volatile organic compounds, and particulate emissions are released into the room.[6] Bio fireplace - irrespective of the type of fuel used are a source of fine and ultrafine particles and have a considerable influence on the quality of the indoor air if ventilation is not provided.[6] It may generated odors.[7]

Types[edit]

Ethanol fireplaces are available in several different designs.There are manual ethanol fireplace and automatic ethanol fireplace. Automatic ethanol fireplaces flames have no direct contact with a fuel. Fuel is in reservoir then being heated till alcohol vaporous starts evaporating into the burner and then ignite by unit spark system. User can put flames on/off, regulate a flame size with a remote control, mobile app or smart home system. Microprocessor controls burning process, thanks to numerous sensors which keeps burning parameters stable, if they find any issue like an earth quake, low oxygen or too high temperature they extinguish the flame. Wall mounted design can be built into a drywall wall or recessed. Free standing or stand alone ethanol fireplaces are portable and can be used in any architectural setting, including indoors and out. Table top ethanol fireplaces are the smallest versions of ethanol fireplaces and are often used as a decoration.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kraemer, R; Knobloch, K; Lorenzen, J; Breuing, K. H.; Koennecker, S; Rennekampff, H. O.; Vogt, P. M. (2011). "Severe burn injuries caused by bioethanol-design fireplaces-an overview on recreational fire threats". Journal of Burn Care & Research. 32 (2): 173–7. doi:10.1097/BCR.0b013e31820aade7. PMID 21233730. 
  2. ^ Ethanol fireplaces: The underestimated risk. Science Daily (3 September 2014)
  3. ^ Warning About Use of Bio Ethanol Fuel. Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service
  4. ^ Heald, Alicia; Muller, Michael. "Severe burns due to biofuel heater injury: A case series". Burns. 42 (2): e13–e17. doi:10.1016/j.burns.2015.04.013. 
  5. ^ Neubrech, Florian; Kiefer, Jurij; Schmidt, Volker J.; Bigdeli, Amir K.; Hernekamp, J. Frederick; Kremer, Thomas; Kneser, Ulrich; Radu, Christian Andreas. "Domestic bioethanol-fireplaces–a new source of severe burn accidents". Burns. 42 (1): 209–214. doi:10.1016/j.burns.2015.10.004. 
  6. ^ a b Schripp, Tobias; Salthammer, Tunga; Wientzek, Sebastian; Wensing, Michael (2014-03-18). "Chamber Studies on Nonvented Decorative Fireplaces Using Liquid or Gelled Ethanol Fuel". Environmental Science & Technology. 48 (6): 3583–3590. doi:10.1021/es404972s. ISSN 0013-936X. 
  7. ^ Nozza, Elena; Capelli, Laura; Eusebio, Lidia; Derudi, Marco; Nano, Giuseppe; Rosso, Renato Del; Sironi, Selena. "The role of bioethanol flueless fireplaces on indoor air quality: Focus on odour emissions". Building and Environment. 98: 98–106. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.01.004.