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Bioculture is the combination of biological and cultural factors that affect human behavior.[1] Bioculture is an area of study bounded by the medical sciences, social sciences, landscape ecology, cultural anthropology, biotechnology, disability studies, the humanities, and the economic and global environment. Along these lines, one can see the biosphere — the earth as it is affected by the human — as the adaptation of the natural to the human and biocultures as the inter-adaptation of the human to the new technologies and ways of knowing characterized by the 21st century’s attitude toward the body. It assumes that in bioculture there's a diverse way to know the workings of the body and mind, and that these are primarily culturally derived, and an expert's way of knowing produces specific strong results. However the results do not have an exclusive purview over the body and mind. Plus it seeks to develop and encourage not only the experts but also parts of people's bodies and minds as the subject of study.[2][3][4][5]

An alternative definition of the term bioculture is all the practical aspects of the use of living things in culture, including agriculture, production of food and clothing, forestry, animal breeding and training, the pet trade, use of living things in science, zoos and aquariums, animal sports, and the raising of game for sport hunting.[6]


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  2. ^ Boyd B, "Getting it all wrong - Bioculture critiques cultural critique" American Scholar 75 (4): 18-30 Fall 2006
  3. ^ Melby MK, Smith EO "PMS: A bioculture-bound syndrome." American Journal of Physical Anthropology" : 200-200 Suppl. 28. 1999
  4. ^ Leatherman T, "Changing bioculture perspectives on health in the Andes" (vol 47, pg 1031, 1997), letter in Social Science and Medicine, MEDICINE 47 (9): 1397-1397 Nov. 1998
  5. ^ Davis, Lennard and Morris, David, "Biocultures Manifesto," in New Literary History 38:3 (Summer 2007)
  6. ^ Taylor, Paul W. (2011). Respect for Nature: A Theory of Environmental Ethics (25th Anniversary ed.). Princeton University Press. pp. 53–54. ISBN 1-4008-3853-3.