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Biocybernetics is the application of cybernetics to biological science, composed of biological disciplines that benefit from the application of cybernetics including neurology and multicellular systems. Biocybernetics plays a major role in systems biology, seeking to integrate different levels of information to understand how biological systems function.
Biocybernetics is a conjoined word from bio (Greek: βίο / life) and cybernetics (Greek: κυβερνητική / controlling-governing). Although the extended form of the word is biological cybernetics, the field is most commonly referred to as biocybernetics in scientific papers. Bioinformatics may also be properly referred to as bio informatics.
Early proponents of biocybernetics include Ross Ashby, Hans Drischel, and Norbert Wiener among others. Popular papers published by each scientist are listed below.
Ross Ashby, "Introduction to Cybernetics", 1956
Hans Drischel, "Einführung in die Biokybernetik." 1972
Norbert Wiener, "Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine", 1948
Papers and research that delve into topics involving biocybernetics may be found under a multitude of similar names, including molecular cybernetics, neurocybernetics, and cellular cybernetics. Such fields involve disciplines that specify certain aspects of the study of the living organism (for example, neurocybernetics focuses on the study neurological models in organisms).
- Biocybernetics – the study of an entire living organism
- Neurocybernetics – cybernetics dealing with neurological models. (Psycho-Cybernetics was the title of a self-help book, and is not a scientific discipline)
- Molecular cybernetics – cybernetics dealing with molecular systems (e.g. molecular biology cybernetics)
- Cellular cybernetics – cybernetics dealing with cellular systems (e.g. information technology/cell phones or biological cells)
- Evolutionary cybernetics – study of the evolution of informational systems (See also evolutionary programming, evolutionary algorithm)
- Computational biology
- Computational biomodeling
- Medical cybernetics
- List of biomedical cybernetics software
- W. Ross Ashby, Introduction to Cybernetics. Methuen, London, UK, 1956. PDF text.
- Hans Drischel, Einführung in die Biokybernetik. Berlin 1972
- Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, (Hermann & Cie Editeurs, Paris, The Technology Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1948).