Biological computation

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The term "biological computation" refers, variously, to any of the following:

- the study of the computations performed by natural biota,[1][2][3][4] including the subject matter of systems biology.

- the design of algorithms inspired by the computational methods of biota [5]

- the design and engineering of manufactured computational devices using synthetic biology components[6][7]

- computer methods for the analysis of biological data, elsewhere called computational biology[8]

When biological computation refers to using biology to build computers, it is a subfield of computer science and is distinct from the interdisciplinary science of bioinformatics which simply uses computers to better understand biology.


  • Biological computation (2011) by Ehud Lamm and Ron Unger, CRC Press, ISBN 978-1-4200-8796-3.


  1. ^ Mitchell, M. (2010) Biological Computation.
  2. ^ Didales, K. (2007) Being - Our New Understanding of the Meaning of Life.
  3. ^ Bray, D. Wetware: A Computer in Every Living Cell (2009) ISBN 0-300-14173-4, ISBN 978-0-300-14173-3
  4. ^ NIMBios (2015) Information and entropy in biological systems
  5. ^ Lamm, E. and Unger, R. Biological Computation. Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2011.
  6. ^ Biological Computation Group at MIT - "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
  7. ^ Sergi Regot, Javier Macia, Núria Conde, Kentaro Furukawa, Jimmy Kjellén, Tom Peeters, Stefan Hohmann, Eulàlia de Nadal, Francesc Posas & Ricard Solé (2011) Distributed biological computation with multicellular engineered networks.
  8. ^ Biological Computation - Microsoft Research.