Kosmos 936

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Kosmos 1514 / Bion 6
Bion 4 - Artificial Gravity Experiment.JPG
Artificial gravity experiment that was flown on Bion 4.
Mission type Bioscience
Operator Institute of Biomedical Problems / NASA
COSPAR ID 1977-074A
SATCAT № 10172
Mission duration 19.5 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Bion
Manufacturer TsSKB
Launch mass 4,000 kilograms (8,800 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 3 August 1977, 14:01:00 (1977-08-03UTC14:01Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz 11A511U
Launch site Plesetsk 43/3
End of mission
Recovered by TK (HF transmit 19,995 MHz)
Landing date 22 August 1977, 01:05 (1977-08-22UTC01:06) UTC
Landing site 51°53′N 61°30′E / 51.883°N 61.500°E / 51.883; 61.500 (Bion 4 spashdown)
near Kustanay, Kazakh SSR, USSR[1]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime LEO
Eccentricity 0.0125927
Perigee 215 kilometres (134 mi)
Apogee 384 kilometres (239 mi)
Inclination 62.8026º
Period 90.7 minutes
RAAN 48.7403 degrees
Argument of perigee 113.2218 degrees
Mean anomaly 248.7005 degrees
Mean motion 15.90956306
Epoch 20 August 1977,
01:17:16 UTC
Revolution number 262

Bion 4 or Cosmos 936 (Бион 4, Космос 936) was a Bion satellite. The mission involved nine countries, including the United States, in a series of biomedical research experiments. The experiments were primarily follow-ups to the Bion 3 (Cosmos 782) flight. Scientists from the Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, France, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Soviet Union and the United States conducted experiments in physics and biology on the mission. The mission ended after 19.5 days.

Details[edit]

NSSDC ID
1977-074A [2]
Other Names
  • Biocosmos 4
  • Cosmos 936 [3]
  • 10172
Launch Date/Time
1977-08-03 at 14:00:00 UTC
On-orbit Dry Mass
4000 kg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bion. Encyclopedia Astronautica. Astronautix.com. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  2. ^ "NASA - NSSDC - Spacecraft - Details". Nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2014-03-12. 
  3. ^ "Cosmos 936". Lis.arc.nasa.gov. 1977-08-03. Retrieved 2014-03-12.