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|Operator||Institute of Biomedical Problems|
|Mission duration||14 days|
|Launch mass||5,400 kilograms (11,900 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||24 December 1996, 13:50:00UTC|
|Launch site||Plesetsk 43/4|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||7 January 1997, 05:02UTC|
|Perigee||217 kilometres (135 mi)|
|Apogee||372 kilometres (231 mi)|
|Argument of perigee||109.1102 degrees|
|Mean anomaly||252.3079 degrees|
|Epoch||7 January 1997, 00:06:55 UTC|
It carried newts, snails, Drosophila flies and other insects, bacteria, and two macaque monkeys (Macaca mulatta), Lapik and Multik. Both monkeys were safe at landing but Multik died of a heart attack during medical tests under general anaesthetic on 8 January 1997.
The Magee-8 scientific equipment was designed to study the basic features of electrostatic modular protection system. Other equipment was used to maintain the temperature and humidity within the specified range, the atmospheric regeneration, physiological parameters of the monkeys were recorded and transferred them to the ground in TV picture.
A similar mission "Bion-12" was scheduled for December 1998 but did not take place due to cessation of participation of the United States.
- Launch date: 24 December 1996.
- Launch Site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia.
- Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
- Perigee: 225 kilometres (140 mi).
- Apogee: 401 kilometres (249 mi)
- Inclination: 62.8 deg.
- Duration: 14.00 days.
- Propulsion: 11D82M
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