Bion No.11

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Bion 11
Mission type Bioscience
Operator Institute of Biomedical Problems
COSPAR ID 1996-073A
SATCAT no. 24701
Mission duration 14 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Bion
Bus Zenit
Manufacturer TsSKB Progress
Launch mass 5,400 kilograms (11,900 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 24 December 1996, 13:50:00 (1996-12-24UTC13:50Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz 11A511U
Launch site Plesetsk 43/4
End of mission
Landing date 7 January 1997, 05:02 (1997-01-07UTC05:03Z) UTC
Landing site Kazakhstan
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Eccentricity 0.0115737[2]
Perigee 217 kilometres (135 mi)
Apogee 372 kilometres (231 mi)
Inclination 62.8º
Period 90.5 minutes
RAAN 198.8518 degrees
Argument of perigee 109.1102 degrees
Mean anomaly 252.3079 degrees
Mean motion 15.92753966
Epoch 7 January 1997, 00:06:55 UTC
Revolution no. 214

Bion 11 was a Russian space mission that was part of the Bion series of space flights. Scientists from France, Russia and United States conducted the experiments.


It carried newts, snails, Drosophila flies and other insects, bacteria, and two macaque monkeys (Macaca mulatta), Lapik and Multik. Both monkeys were safe at landing but Multik died of a heart attack during medical tests under general anaesthetic on 8 January 1997.

The Magee-8 scientific equipment was designed to study the basic features of electrostatic modular protection system. Other equipment was used to maintain the temperature and humidity within the specified range, the atmospheric regeneration, physiological parameters of the monkeys were recorded and transferred them to the ground in TV picture.

A similar mission "Bion-12" was scheduled for December 1998 but did not take place due to cessation of participation of the United States.


  • Launch date: 24 December 1996.
  • Launch Site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia.
  • Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Perigee: 225 kilometres (140 mi).
  • Apogee: 401 kilometres (249 mi)
  • Inclination: 62.8 deg.
  • Duration: 14.00 days.
  • Propulsion: 11D82M

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Mark Wade. Bion Archived 18 May 2012 at WebCite Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
  2. ^ Chris Peat. BION 11. Heavens Above. Retrieved 2016-06-18.