Bioneer (root: "biological pioneer") is a neologism coined by filmmaker, author and eco-activist Kenny Ausubel. According to Utne Reader, a bioneer is "a biological pioneer, an ecological inventor who's got an elegant and often simple set of solutions for environmental conundrums." As coined by Ausubel, the term describes individuals and groups working in diverse disciplines who have crafted creative solutions to various environmental and socio-cultural problems rooted in shared core values, including whole systems, (anticipatory) thinking, a view of all life as interdependent, and sustainable mutual aid.
The greatest use of the term since its coinage has been in relation to the annual Bioneers conference founded by Ausubel and his wife Nina Simons and held annually in San Rafael, California, and its participants. However, in recent years the term or derivations has seen increasing use independent of the Bioneers organization, suggesting an increasing acceptance of the term in popular usage. For example, a 2005 article on the use and manufacture of biodiesel fuels in northern California was titled "Bioneering Biodiesel." An April 2007 symposium and art exhibition at University of California, Irvine focused on food production, consumption, and distribution was called "Bioneering: Hybrid Investigations of Food."
Bioneer and its derivations have also been used in relationship to biotechnology. This usage of the term appears to come from independent coinages based on a portmanteau of "biotechnology" and "engineering" and/or "pioneering". The Cambridge, Massachusetts drug-screening company Bioneering Technologies describes itself as being focused on "the fusion between biotechnology, engineering, and pioneering services (hence, Bioneering)." Students in the Bachelor of Biotechnology Innovation program at Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia called themselves bioneers "as they regard themselves as pioneering a new era in biotechnology." The Korea-based international biotechnology firm Korea Biotech, Inc., founded in 1992, changed its name in 1996 to Bioneer Corporation. Bioneer is also a term adopted by those who visit the Biomatrix website for self-improvement. This site and forum advocated the use of bodybuilding, training and technology to improve not only one's muscles (as would a bodybuilder) but also your other physical attributes such as speed, agility and intelligence.
Difference between usages
While Ausubel's coinage does not specifically refer to biotechnology, the second coinage of bioneer referring to biotechnology is clearly antithetical to the term as understood by Ausubel and those influenced by him and the Bioneers organization. In the book Nature's Operating Instructions: The True Biotechnologies (coedited with J. P. Harpignies), Ausubel has made a clear distinction between corporate biotech, including genetic engineering, which he decries, and what he has termed "true biotechnologies" based on biomimicry, natural design, and the restoration of natural capital.
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- Utne Reader. (1999 Mar-Apr). "15 Ideas That Could Shake the World" Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Utne Reader. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
- Holland, Laura McHale. (2005 August)."Bioneering Biodiesel: Local entrepreneurs bet on biodiesel to reduce our dependence on foreign oil and clean the air.". NorthBay Biz. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
- Tucker, Lisa, curator. (2007). Bioneering: Hybrid Investigations of Food Archived April 20, 2007, at Archive.is (symposium). University of California, Irvine. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
- Bioneering Technologies. (2006-2007). "Drug Discovery Services That Make Sense." Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
- Collet, Chris and Wyatt, David. (2005). "Bioneering" - teaching biotechnology entrepreneurship at the undergraduate level. Education + Training 47(6): 408-421. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
- Bioneer Corporation. (2005). "History". Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
- "Bodybuilding Technology Discoveries". Insights Into Bioneering And Socio-Cultural Problems.
- The-Biomatrix.Net. (2010). Index Page. Retrieved on 2010-08-25.
- Ausubel, Kenny, and J. P. Harpignies, eds. (2004) Nature's Operating Instructions: The True Biotechnologies. The Bioneers Series. Sierra Club Books.