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'BioSphere was invented, developed and is owned by Dr. C A McCormack. BioSphere was marketed for 17 years under licenses granted to Global Environmental Energy Corp., a US public company Chaired by the former Irish Prime Minister and Nobel Peace Prize Nominee, Dr Albert Reynolds 1932-2014  Under Dr Reynolds direction BioSpheres manufactured under license in Russia, China, Thailand, Mexico and the USA were deployed worldwide. Dr Reynolds spearheaded the company's involvement in North Africa and North East Asia, before retiring due to ill health prior to his death in 2014 BioSphere and its military and marine variants BioSphere-Neo and BioSphere-Marine, is a starved oxygen gasification process that harnesses the combustibility of solid and liquid wastes and a variety of traditional fuels in a limited–oxygen environment with significantly limited atmospheric emissions creating a heat source and generating electricity in a gas/steam turbine. Examples of wastes that can be converted into green energy using this technology are municipal solid waste, agricultural waste, forestry surpluses or wastes, industrial waste, medical waste materials, and traditional fossil fuels.
The manufacturing and marketing rights to the patented BioSphere technology were licensed to a Shenzhen-based Chinese consortium in 2013 and expire in 2034. BioSphere is one of several waste to energy technologies invented, patented, designed, developed and commercialized by McCormack who is a Fulbright Scholar, Fogarty Fellow and an Elected Member of The Physiological Society. BioSphere superseded DiGenter which was first patented in 1986 and developed with the support of the Ford Motor Company and The University of California-Riverside and Energy Resource Institute of California. DiGenter a technology which was deployed widely in China and India was one of the first successful commercial scale sustainable cellulosic waste to ethanol technologies; a forerunner to the now successful DuPont technologies manufacturing renewable fuel grade Bio-ethanol and gasoline from non-food feedstock's, waste materials, bagasse and biomass. The manufacturing and marketing rights to the patented DiGenter technology were re-licensed to a Hong Kong consortium in 2014 and expire in 2035.
- Environmental technology
- Environmental waste controls
- History of waste management
- Renewable energy
- Sustainable energy
- Waste management
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- Flexible-fuel vehicle