Bir El Hafey

Coordinates: 34°56′N 9°12′E / 34.933°N 9.200°E / 34.933; 9.200
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Bir El Hafey
بئر الحفي
Commune and town
Bir Lihfey-edit.
Bir Lihfey-edit.
GovernorateSidi Bouzid Governorate
 • MayorMarouan Arfaoui (People’s Movement)
 • Total6,498
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)

Bir El Hafey (Arabic: بئر الحفي) is a town and commune located at 34°55′48″N 9°12′00″E in the Sidi Bouzid Governorate, in Tunisia (Maghreb, North Africa). As of 2004 it had a population of 6,405.[1]

Bir El Hafey is located about thirty kilometers south of Sidi Bouzid, in the southern foothills of the Tunisian ridge. Attached to the governorate of Sidi Bouzid, it is a municipality with 6,475 inhabitants in 2014. It is also the capital of a delegation.

It is in crossroads position on the Kairouan-Gafsa axis because crossed by the RN3 while being connected to Sidi Bouzid, the chief town of the governorate.


Bir El Hafey is the modern site of the Ancient, notably Roman, city of Nara.[citation needed]

H.H. Abdul Wahab identified Bir El Hafey with the medieval city of Jamunis (aka Jamūnis al-Sābūn), one of the main cities of the Qammuda region. Jamunis is first mentioned in the 10th century, when it became the capital of Qammuda under the Zirid dynasty, replacing the nearby city of Madhkur, which had been sacked by the forces of Abu Yazid. However, Jamunis was probably an important city before this. It was the site of a battle in 1030 between the Zirid ruler al-Mu'izz ibn Badis and the Zenata Berbers, which al-Mu'izz won. Jamunis is no longer mentioned after the 11th century, having been sacked by the Banu Hilal.[2]

Al-Bakri described the city of Jamunis as being surrounded by sand and olive trees and having a strong fortress which served as an agadir (granary). He wrote that it was surrounded by many large and prosperous villages. Al-Muqaddasi mentioned the village of Khawr al-Kaf as being among those villages. Jamunis also had many fig and almond orchards, as well as a jami mosque.[2]

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

Nara was important enough in the Roman province of Byzacena to become a suffragan bishopric of the Metropolitan Archbishop of Hadrumetum, but faded.[3][4][5] There are three bishops documented from Nara.

Titular see of Nara[edit]

The diocese was nominally in 1925 restored as a Latin titular bishopric.[6] [7]

It has had the following incumbents, all of the lowest (episcopal) rank :


In 2004 the population of the town was 5589, and in 2014 this had increased to 6475.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ (in French) Recensement de 2004 (Institut national de la statistique) Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Cambuzat, Paul-Louis. L'évolution des cités du Tell en Ifrikya du VII au XI siècle. Algiers: Office des publications universitaires. pp. 88–89. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  3. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, (Leipzig, 1931), p. 467.
  4. ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, (Brescia, 1816), p. 240.
  5. ^ J. Mesnage, L'Afrique chrétienne, (Paris, 1912), p. 77.
  6. ^ Nara at
  7. ^ Nara at

Sources and external links[edit]

34°56′N 9°12′E / 34.933°N 9.200°E / 34.933; 9.200