Bir Ma'in was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on July 15, 1948 during the second phase of Operation Danny by the First and Second Battalions of the Yiftach Brigade. It was located 14 km east of Ramla. The village was defended by the Jordanian Army.
A 1596 census revealed a population of 165 people. In 1945 it had a population of 510. An elementary school for boys was located in the village which was founded in 1934. The village also had its own mosque. Today, three khirbats containing the foundations of houses, fragments of columns, cisterns, caves carved in rock, burial places etc. remain.
References [ edit ]
^ Palmer, 1881, p. 290
^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 29
^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 66
^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #237. Also gives cause of depopulation.
Bibliography [ edit ]
Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). . Government of Palestine. Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922
Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1883). . The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. (p. 15)
Department of Statistics (1945). . Government of Palestine. Village Statistics, April, 1945
Hadawi, Sami (1970). . Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center. Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine
Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). . Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
Khalidi, Walid (1992). . All That Remains:The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948 Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
Mills, E., ed. (1932). . Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas
Morris, Benny (2004). . Cambridge University Press. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
Palmer, E. H. (1881). . The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163. (p. 148)
External links [ edit ]