Bir Ma'in

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Bir Ma'in
Bir Ma'in is located in Mandatory Palestine
Bir Ma'in
Bir Ma'in
Arabic بئر ماعين
Name meaning The well of springs[1]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°53′17″N 35°01′08″E / 31.88806°N 35.01889°E / 31.88806; 35.01889Coordinates: 31°53′17″N 35°01′08″E / 31.88806°N 35.01889°E / 31.88806; 35.01889
Palestine grid 152/143
Population 510[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation July 15–16, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Makkabim

Bir Ma'in was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on July 15, 1948 during the second phase of Operation Danny by the First and Second Battalions of the Yiftach Brigade. It was located 14 km east of Ramla. The village was defended by the Jordanian Army.

Member of Yiftach Brigade watches an attack on Latrun during Operation Danny from the mosque in Bi Ma'in. July 1948

History[edit]

A 1596 census revealed a population of 165 people.[5] In 1945 it had a population of 510.[2][3] An elementary school for boys was located in the village which was founded in 1934. The village also had its own mosque. Today, three khirbats containing the foundations of houses, fragments of columns, cisterns, caves carved in rock, burial places etc. remain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 290
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 29
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 66
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #237. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 155

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]