Bir Nabala

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Bir Nabala
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بير نبالا
 • Also spelled Beer Nabala (official)
Bir Nabala
Bir Nabala
Bir Nabala is located in the Palestinian territories
Bir Nabala
Bir Nabala
Location of Bir Nabala within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°51′06″N 35°12′03″E / 31.85167°N 35.20083°E / 31.85167; 35.20083Coordinates: 31°51′06″N 35°12′03″E / 31.85167°N 35.20083°E / 31.85167; 35.20083
Palestine grid 168/139
Governorate Jerusalem
Government
 • Type Village council
Area
 • Jurisdiction 1,904 dunams (1.9 km2 or 0.7 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 6,100
Name meaning The well of apparatus[1]
The barrier in northern Jerusalem, which confines Bir Nabala to an enclave under Israeli control.

Bir Nabala (Arabic: بير نبالا‎‎; Hebrew: ביר נבאלא‎) is a Palestinian town in the West Bank located eight kilometers northeast of Jerusalem. In mid-year 2006, it had an estimated population of 6,100 residents.[2] Three Bedouin tribes — Abu Dhak, Tel al ‘Adassa[3] and Jahalin — live in Bir Nabala. Bir Nabala has a built-up area of 1,904 dunams, which combined with nearby al-Jib, Beit Hanina al Balad and al-Judeira form an enclave in the Seam Zone, walled in by the Israeli West Bank barrier.[4] The enclave is home to approximately 15,000 Palestinians.[5] It is linked to Ramallah by underpasses and a road that is fenced on both sides. From the Biddu enclave, residents travel along a fenced road that passes under a bypass road to Bir Nabala enclave, then on a second underpass under Bypass Road 443 to Ramallah.[6]

Prior to the construction of the barrier, Bir Nabala was a commercial center linking Jenin and Tulkarm with the Jerusalem area and the town contained about 600 shops and six tyre factories. In 2007, there were 180 shops and two tyre factories.[7]

History[edit]

The remains of a vault, dating to the Crusader era have been found here.[8]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Bir Nabala, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Quds of the Liwa of Al-Quds. The population was 4 households and 2 bachelors, all Muslim. They paid a tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, which included wheat, barley, olive trees, vineyards, fruit trees, goats and beehives in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 1,300 Akçe.[9] In 1838 Edward Robinson noted Bir Nebala on his travels in the region.[10]

In May, 1863 Guérin found it to have about thirty inhabitants. He further noted remains from the Crusader era.[11] An official Ottoman village list sometime around 1870 listed Bir Nebala as having 24 houses and a population of 100, though the population count included men, only.[12]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as "a village of moderate size, standing high, with a valley to the west. There are a few olives round the place."[13]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bir Nebala had a population of 367 Muslims,[14] increasing in the 1931 census to 456 Muslims, in 106 inhabited houses.[15]

In 1945 the population of Bir Nebala consisted of 590 Muslims[16] and the land area was 2,692 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[17] Of this, 962 dunams were designated for plantations and irrigable land, 783 for cereals,[18] while 21 dunams were built-up areas.[19]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Bir Nabala came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Bir Nabala has been under Israeli occupation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 291
  2. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Jerusalem Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived 7 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
  3. ^ The Town has 4 Major Native families (Al-Hajja, Abdullah, Issa and Zeidan). The bedouin tribes were displaced y the erection of the Israeli wall and the tribes are settled on lands not owned by them. The Bir Nabala / Tel al ‘Adassa Bedouin community Archived 16 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), 19 September 2013
  4. ^ Bir Nabala Village: Two Separate Enclaves reunited into one Big Enclave. Applied Research Institute, 14 August 2006
  5. ^ Barrier Route
  6. ^ OCHA Archived 12 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Bir Nabala: A Devastating Blow to the Economy Ma'an Development Center and Bir Nabala Village Council Chairman Haj Tawfik Nabeli. February 2007.
  8. ^ Pringle, 1997, p. 111
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 118
  10. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, pp. 137, 141
  11. ^ Guérin, 1868, p. 393
  12. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 148
  13. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 8
  14. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jerusalem, p. 15
  15. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 39
  16. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 24
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 56
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 102
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 152

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]