Bir el Ater
|Bir El Ater
|Districts||Bir El Ater|
|• Total||588 sq mi (1,522 km2)|
|• Density||170/sq mi (66/km2)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
Bir el Ater (Arabic: بئر العاتر) is a city located in far eastern Algeria. It is located towards the border with Tunisia, around 87 kilometers south of Tebessa and just beyond the Sahara. The town has a population of approximately 100,000 inhabitants.
Bir el Ater is the type site of the Paleolithic Aterian industry. The term Aterian derives from el-Ater. This lithic culture lasted between 40000 – 20000 years BC.
It is now a mining city, located 15 km south of Bir El Ater. There are deposits of Djebel Onk Phosphates, the largest in Algeria which are extracted and shipped by train to Annaba a port, 300 km north on the Mediterranean or are used locally.
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