Birch Tree, Missouri

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Birch Tree, Missouri
City
Location of Birch Tree, Missouri
Location of Birch Tree, Missouri
Coordinates: 36°59′35″N 91°29′37″W / 36.99306°N 91.49361°W / 36.99306; -91.49361Coordinates: 36°59′35″N 91°29′37″W / 36.99306°N 91.49361°W / 36.99306; -91.49361
Country United States
State Missouri
County Shannon
Township Birch Tree
Government
 • Mayor Gordon A. Williamson
Area[1]
 • Total 1.38 sq mi (3.57 km2)
 • Land 1.38 sq mi (3.57 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 991 ft (302 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 679
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 668
 • Density 492.0/sq mi (190.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 65438
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-05734[4]
GNIS feature ID 0748866[5]

Birch Tree is a city in Shannon County, Missouri, United States. The population was 679 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

A post office called Birch Tree has been in operation since the 1860s.[6] The community was named for a grove of birch trees near the original town site.[7]

Geography[edit]

Birch Tree is located at 36°59′35″N 91°29′37″W / 36.99306°N 91.49361°W / 36.99306; -91.49361 (36.993041, -91.493663).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.38 square miles (3.57 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 535
1910 497
1920 452 −9.1%
1930 505 11.7%
1940 495 −2.0%
1950 409 −17.4%
1960 420 2.7%
1970 573 36.4%
1980 622 8.6%
1990 599 −3.7%
2000 634 5.8%
2010 679 7.1%
Est. 2015 662 [9] −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 679 people, 298 households, and 167 families residing in the city. The population density was 492.0 inhabitants per square mile (190.0/km2). There were 347 housing units at an average density of 251.4 per square mile (97.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.78% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 3.09% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.92% of the population.

There were 298 households of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.0% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 38.9 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 634 people, 276 households, and 170 families residing in the city. The population density was 478.0 people per square mile (184.1/km²). There were 323 housing units at an average density of 243.5 per square mile (93.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.11% White, 0.32% African American, 2.05% Native American, 0.79% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population.

There were 276 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $14,236, and the median income for a family was $18,182. Males had a median income of $16,932 versus $14,531 for females. The per capita income for the city was $7,695. About 38.3% of families and 46.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 59.2% of those under age 18 and 41.7% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

  • Mel Carnahan, Governor of Missouri (1993–2000), the only person to be posthumously elected to the U.S. Senate; born in Birch Tree.[11]
  • Bob Holden, Governor of Missouri (2001–2005); raised in Birch Tree.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Shannon County Place Names, 1928–1945". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 25, 2016. 
  7. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 363. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Missouri Governor Mel Eugene Carnahan". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Missouri Governor Robert L. Holden". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 

External links[edit]