Birchenough Bridge

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Birchenough Bridge
Coordinates 19°57′47″S 32°20′35″E / 19.963055555556°S 32.343055555556°E / -19.963055555556; 32.343055555556Coordinates: 19°57′47″S 32°20′35″E / 19.963055555556°S 32.343055555556°E / -19.963055555556; 32.343055555556
CarriesRoad
CrossesSave River
LocaleChipinge, Manicaland
Characteristics
Total length378.2 m (1,241 ft)
Width10 m (33 ft)
Longest span329.4 m (1,081 ft)
Clearance below15.2 m (50 ft)
History
Constructed byDorman Long
OpenedDecember 20, 1935; 82 years ago (1935-12-20)
Birchenough Bridge, entrance


Birchenough Bridge is the name for both a bridge across the Save River (pronounced Sa've) and a village next to the bridge. Birchenough Bridge is called after Sir Henry Birchenough. Birchenough Bridge is located 62 km from Chipinge in the Manicaland province of Zimbabwe linking Chipinge with Buhera.

History[edit]

The bridge was funded at a cost of £145 000.00 and planned by the Beit Trust, a foundation chaired at the time by Sir Henry Birchenough whose ashes are buried beneath the structure of the bridge.[1] Ralph Freeman, the bridge's designer, was also the structural designer on the Sydney Harbour Bridge and consequently the two bridges bear a close resemblance, although Birchenough is only two-thirds as long as the Australian bridge. It was built by Dorman Long and completed in 1935.[1] At a length of 1,080 feet (329 m) it was the third longest single-arch suspension bridge in the world at the time.

In the 1970s a 40-tonne load limit was imposed on the bridge but in 1984 the bridge was widened (roadway: 7.2 m to 10 m wide) and strengthened as part of the World Bank's Highway Project One. The village which sprang up next to the bridge has become the centre of a small-scale farming area.


The bridge is widely considered by Zimbabweans as being one of the country's finest pieces of engineering, and as such, it appears on the twenty-cent coin. It's the only bridge without any piers or supports on the bottom holding it for its support. Due to economic turndown and a political storm from the year 2000 the Zimbabwe Department of Roads has reduced its load capacity not to allow any vehicle weighing more than 25 tonnes. This had reduced business activities in the areas nearby since heavy vehicle trucks will not be allowed to cross the bridge.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Pictures of Birchenough Bridge, Zimbabwe: Virtual Tour
  • [1]
  • Winchester, Clarence, ed. (1938). "The Birchenough Bridge". Wonders of World Engineering. London: Amalgamated Press. pp. 639–647. Description of the design and construction of the Birchenough Bridge

Coordinates: 19°57′47″S 32°20′35″E / 19.96306°S 32.34306°E / -19.96306; 32.34306