Birchills Power Station

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Birchills Power Station
LocationWest Midlands
Coordinates52°35′46″N 1°59′52″W / 52.596089°N 1.997785°W / 52.596089; -1.997785Coordinates: 52°35′46″N 1°59′52″W / 52.596089°N 1.997785°W / 52.596089; -1.997785
Commission date1949
Decommission date1982
Thermal power station
Primary fuelCoal

grid reference SP001998

Birchills Power Station (or Walsall Power Station) was a coal-fired power station near Walsall in the West Midlands, England.


The first power station on the site was built for Walsall Corporation. Work began in 1914, and electricity was being generated by 1916, although the project was not officially completed until 1922. Cooling water was supplied by a pumping station on the Anson Branch canal, equipped with two Mather and Platt pumps capable of delivering 10.6 million gallons (48 Megalitres) per day. Spent water was discharged into the Wyrley and Essington Canal. Ownership of the station passed to the West Midlands Joint Electricity Authority in 1927, and then to the British Electricity Authority following nationalisation in 1948.[1]

Construction of a second station, Walsall B, began soon after nationalisation.[1] The station was officially opened on 30 September 1949. Comprising six cooling towers and six chimneys, with a total output of 191MW, (one of the largest and high output power plants, when it was first operational in 1949) the station burned 'slack' coal, which consisted of fragments of coal and coal dust. Coal was delivered by road, rail and canal. Water from the canal was used for cooling. The station closed in October 1982 after 33 years in use, and the stub of railway serving it west of Ryecroft Junction, was closed at the same time. The power station was closed as it was no longer deemed to be efficient, when much newer coal power stations built later in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s with six or eight cooling towers can generate up to ten times more electricity as technology improves with bigger generators becoming more apparent on less coal consumption i.e. 2000MW+ than Birchills could.

It stood dormant or mothballed for nearly five years afterwards, finally being demolished in March 1987.

The substation it fed power to, also in Birchills is still in existence today, but is now fed from Rugeley 'B' station.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Shill (2011)


  • Ray Shill (Winter 2011). "BCN Branches and Byeways: Ansons Branch". Boundary Post. Birmingham Canal Navigations Society. 191.