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Bird-and-flower painting is a kind of Chinese painting named after its subject matter. Normally, most bird-and-flower paintings belong to the scholar-artist style of Chinese painting.
According to Chinese tradition, bird-and-flower painting covers "flowers, birds, fish, and insects" (Traditional Chinese: 花鳥魚蟲, Simplified Chinese: 花鸟鱼虫 huā, niǎo, yú, chóng). It can thus deal with a wide range of natural topics, including flowers (plants), fish, insects, birds, pets (dogs, cats) etc.
The huaniao hua (花鸟画) or "bird-and-flower painting" is proper of 10th century China. The most representative artists are Huang Quan 哳㥳 (ca. 900 – 965) and Xu Xi 徐熙 (937–975). They are the masters of two schools: the first school was led by Huang Quan (imperial painter). It is characterised by an “outline” method of brush work, with emphasis on bright colours filling a meticulously outline (gongbi). The other school was led by Xu Xi (never entered into officialdom) and typically used techniques associated with ink-and-wash painting.
According to painting technique:
- Ink and Wash Painting (水墨花鸟画/水墨花鸟画). Representatives: Lin Liang (林良), Qi Baishi (齐白石), Zhang Daqian (张大千)
- Fine-brush (工笔花鸟/工笔花鸟画)
- Freehand Style (写意花鸟/写意花鸟画)
- Fine-brush with Freehand Style (兼工带写)
Media related to Bird-and-flower paintings at Wikimedia Commons
- "Early Autumn (29.1)". Detroit Institute of Arts. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- Marco, Meccarelli. 2015. "Chinese Painters in Nagasaki: Style and Artistic Contaminatio during the Tokugawa Period (1603–1868)" Ming Qing Studies 2015, Pages 175–236.