bird hybrid is a bird that has two different species as parents. The resulting bird can present with any combination of characters from the parent species, from totally identical to completely different. Usually, the bird hybrid shows intermediate characteristics between the two species. A “successful” hybrid is one demonstrated to produce fertile offspring.
Recognition [ edit ]
The description of bird hybrids results from observations in nature combined with those obtained in captivity such as in zoos per example.
Examples sorted taxonomically [ edit ]
Goose hybrids, including Canada goose x greylag goose, emperor goose x Canada goose, red-breasted goose x Canada goose, Canada goose x white-fronted goose and barnacle goose x Canada goose see also Gamebird hybrids. "Swoose" (
swan x goose)  Hybrid
swans, such as the Black Swan x Mute Swan ( x Cygnus atratus ) Cygnus olor Hybrid
ducks of the genus , including birds which are a mixture of Aythya tufted duck, greater scaup, common pochard, ferruginous duck and ring-necked duck Other hybrid
ducks, including northern pintail x mallard, ruddy duck x white-headed duck, ruddy shelduck x common shelduck, white-faced whistling duck x plumed whistling duck, Baikal teal x northern pintail, hooded merganser x smew, Eurasian wigeon x American wigeon and mallard x New Zealand black duck. See also Mariana mallard and Gamebird hybrids.
Gamebird hybrids, including capercaillie x common pheasant, capercaillie x black grouse ( rackelhahn) and Lady Amherst's pheasant x golden pheasant see also Gamebird hybrids Hybrids of domestic fowl, including
chicken x common pheasant, chicken x guinea fowl, and guinea fowl x peafowl see also Gamebird hybrids Hybrid
gull, including glaucous gull x herring gull and lesser black-backed gull x yellow-legged gull
see main article hybridisation in gulls
see main article Hybridisation in shorebirds and Cox's sandpiper
Eudyptes chrysolophus ( macaroni penguin) X Eudyptes .sp ( rockhopper penguin) X Eudyptes schlegeli ( royal penguin) commonly known as the 'machopper penguin'
Aptenodytes patagonicus ( king penguin) X Aptenodytes forsteri ( emperor penguin) commonly named the 'kingemperor' hybrid penguin.
Eudyptes chrysolophus ( macaroni penguin) X Eudyptes .sp ( rockhopper penguin) commonly known as the 'machopper penguin'
Ciconia nigra ( black stork) X Ciconia ciconia ( white stork)
hybrid. This is an example of intergeneric hybridization in parrots. Note that the width between bars is unsafe for a bird this size.
Parrot hybrids, including
Neophema chrysostoma ( blue-winged parrot) X Nymphicus hollandicus ( cockatiel)
Inter-familial hybridization in birds is generally unheard of.
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus ( hyacinth macaw) X Ara ararauna ( blue-and-yellow macaw) commonly known as the ' caloshua' hybrid macaw ;
Eolophus roseicapillus (rose-breasted or galah cockatoo) X Nymphicus hollandicus ( cockatiel) commonly named the ' galahtiel' or 'galatiel' hybrid cockatoo
Eolophus roseicapillus (rose-breasted or galah cockatoo) X Cacatua galerita ( sulphur-crested cockatoo) hybrid cockatoo.
Eolophus roseicapillus (rose-breasted or galah cockatoo) X LicmetisSpp. ( corella) Sometimes referred to as "garella", occurs occasionally in the wild.
Platycercus eximius (easterned or golden-mantled rosella) X Psephotus haematonotus ( red-rumped parakeet).
Amazona ochrocephala ( yellow-crowned amazon) X A. auropalliata ( yellow-naped amazon) ;
Ara ararauna (blue and gold macaw) X A. macao ( scarlet macaw) commonly known as either the 'catalina' (worldwide) or the 'rainbow' (primarily in Australia) hybrid macaw ;
Aratinga jandaya ( jenday conure) X A. solstitialis ( sun conure) commonly known as the 'sun-day' hybrid conure.
Eclectus roratus solomonensis (Solomon Island's eclectus) X E. r. vosmaeri (Vosmaeri's eclectus) commonly known as the 'solo-vos' eclectus,
Psittacula krameri krameri ( African ringnecked parakeet) X P. k. manillensis ( Indian ringnecked parakeet, a common feral species in parts of Europe)
Birds of paradise include several examples of both intraspecific and interspecific hybridisation.
External links [ edit ]