Birendra Kishore Manikya

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H.R.H. Maharaja Birendra Kishore Manikya Debbarman Bahadur
Raja Birendra Kishore Manikya.jpg
PredecessorRadha Kishore Manikya
SuccessorBir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur
ReligionBorok Hinduism
Kingdom of Tripura
Part of History of Tripura
Kings of Tripura
Dhanya Manikya1463-1515
Dharma Manikya II1714-1733
Vijay Manikya II1743-1760
Krishna Manikya1760-1761
Rajdhar Manikya1783-1804
Ramgana Manikya1804-1809
Durga Manikya1809-1813
Kashi Chandra1826-1830
Krishna Kishore1830-1849
Ishan Chandra1849-1862
Bir Chandra1862-1896
Radha Kishore1896-1909
Birendra Kishore1909-1923
Bir Bikram Kishore1923–1947
Kirit Bikram Kishore1947-1949
Kirit Pradyot Deb Barman1978-till now
Tripura monarchy data
Manikya dynasty (Royal family)
Agartala (Capital of the kingdom)
Ujjayanta Palace (Royal residence)
Neermahal (Royal residence)
Rajmala (Royal chronicle)
Tripura Buranji (Chronicle)

Birendra Kishore ascended the throne of the Kingdom of Tripura on 25 November 1909, at the age of 26.

Administrative reforms[edit]

Birendra Kishore's contribution to the state lay in his administrative reforms, welfare activities and consistent attempt to spread education. He divided the state into ten administrative units on the model of subdivisions and introduced the system of civil service examinations for recruiting competent youths in the administration in 1909. The post of chief secretary was created in 1909.

He reconstituted the State Civil Service in 1909 for recruitment of high officials of the state including the post of Police Superintendent and Deputy Superintendent of Police. The new Arms Act and the Penal Code Amendment Act were passed in 1911. A small staff under a senior Inspector was engaged for detective purposes. The number of cases reported in the state was always small.[1]

Birendra Kishore took the first initiative to explore the potential of tea cultivation in Tripura by ordering an expert survey. Forty tea estates were set up in Tripura during his rule. The king had given a formal licence to the Burma Oil Company in 1916 to explore oil, natural gas and minerals in Tripura after a survey conducted had given indication of potential deposits. He also founded a silk-weaving centre at Agartala and took steps to develop agriculture.[2]

Patron of the arts[edit]

Lakshmi Narayan Temple built by Birendra Kishore Manikya

An artist and prolific songwriter, Birendra Kishore was known for his beautiful oil paintings such as "Sannyasi", "Jhulon" and "Banshi Badan".[2] He founded the Ujjayanta Drama company giving an impetus to the development of theatre in Tripura.[3] The Lakshmi Narayan Temple, 'Durga Bari' and 'Lal Mahal' that form part of the Ujjayanta palace were built during his rule. He built the Pushbanta Place that is now the residence of the Governor of Tripura King Birendra Kishore organised a grand reception for Rabindra Nath Tagore at Agartala after he had won the Nobel prize for literature in 1913. Apart from providing ongoing financial assistance to Shanti Niketan he also donated 5,000 rupees to Tagore for setting up a hospital at Santi Niketan.[4]


  1. ^ "Police system in Princely state of Tripura". tripura police. Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  2. ^ a b "Leading lights among the Manikyas". Retrieved 31 May 2012.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Datta, Sekhar (6 April 2012). "Drama through the ages". The telegraph. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  4. ^ "Rabindranath immortalised Tripura". Govt of Tripura. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2012.

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