Birendranagar

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Birendranagar
वीरेन्द्रनगर
dovanchaur
Municipality
Surkhet Ghantaghar
Surkhet Ghantaghar
Birendranagar is located in Nepal
Birendranagar
Birendranagar
Location in Nepal
Coordinates: 28°36′N 81°38′E / 28.600°N 81.633°E / 28.600; 81.633Coordinates: 28°36′N 81°38′E / 28.600°N 81.633°E / 28.600; 81.633
CountryNepal
ProvinceKarnali Pradesh
DistrictSurkhet District
Established2033 BS (1976 AD)
Government
 • MayorDev Kumar Subedi (NC)
 • Deputy MayorMohanmaya Dhakal (NCP)
Population (2011)
 • Total52,137
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NST)
Postal code21700
Area code(s)083
Websitebirendranagarmun.gov.np

Birendranagar (Nepali: वीरेन्द्रनगर) is a city in Surkhet District in Karnali province of Nepal.[1]

In February 2018, the city became the capital of the province of Karnali. [2] At the 2011 census the city's population was 52,137 in 12,045 households. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 22,937 people residing in 4773 individual households.

This city is located in the Surkhet Valley. Birendranagar is named in honour of the late King Birendra, who planned and established it as the first planned town in Nepal.[citation needed]

Birendranagar is located in a valley and surrounded by hills. The Birendranagar municipality includes village development committee are Uttarganga, Latikoili.[citation needed]

Demography[edit]

Historically, Birendranagar and the surrounding area of Surkhet were the lands of the Tharu and Local Rajhi; however the region has seen increased migration from the surrounding mountain regions as well as other parts of the country, although unstable political conditions have affected Birendranagar. The population of the city is approximately 55,000. Villagers from smaller surrounding communities migrate there in search of increased security and opportunity. This is one of most beautiful city of Nepal.

Climate[edit]

The highest temperature ever recorded in Birendranagar was 41.8 °C (107.2 °F) on the 5th May 1999, while the lowest temperature ever recorded was −0.7 °C (30.7 °F) on the 9th January 2013 .[3]


Climate data for Birendranagar (Surkhet) 720m (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
22.5
(72.5)
27.6
(81.7)
32.8
(91)
33.9
(93)
33.1
(91.6)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
29.9
(85.8)
28.4
(83.1)
24.9
(76.8)
21.2
(70.2)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
15.2
(59.4)
19.7
(67.5)
24.7
(76.5)
27.2
(81)
28.0
(82.4)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
25.8
(78.4)
22.1
(71.8)
17.7
(63.9)
13.8
(56.8)
21.7
(71.1)
Average low °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
7.9
(46.2)
11.8
(53.2)
16.6
(61.9)
20.4
(68.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
23.3
(73.9)
21.6
(70.9)
15.8
(60.4)
10.4
(50.7)
6.4
(43.5)
15.5
(59.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.4
(1.354)
42.5
(1.673)
26.0
(1.024)
29.2
(1.15)
91.3
(3.594)
252.3
(9.933)
471.9
(18.579)
422.6
(16.638)
190.9
(7.516)
42.4
(1.669)
9.7
(0.382)
18.5
(0.728)
1,631.7
(64.24)
Source: Department Of Hydrology and Meteorology[4]

Infrastructure[edit]

Birendranagar is the main food supplier of the rural Karnali Zone, which can be reached by the Karnali Highway. It is also the main shopping destination of the Dailekh Jajrkot Acham district. There is also a domestic airport (with the code SKH) east of the city. There are direct flights from Kathmandu to Birendranagar and from Birendranagar to Jumla, Humla, Kalikot, Dolpa, Mugu, and other districts. The main road connecting Birendranagar to the rest of the country is the Ratna Highway. There is regular bus and taxi service to Kathmandu, Pokhara, Bharatpur, Dharan, Biratnagar,Nepal and other parts of the county.

Religious sites[edit]

Deuti Bajai[edit]

Deauti Bajai (देउती वज्यै) is a Hindu temple in Birendranagar. Its history is closely associated with the people of Raji society; historically, only the people belonging to the Raji society used to pray in this temple. Nowadays, people from near and far come everyday to pray in this temple. It is a national heritage site, and the government and municipality are trying to develop and renovate this temple so as to attract more visitors. The shrine of Deuti Bajai was constructed by king Yash Malla

Kakre Bihar[edit]

Kakre Bihar is a small hillock in the middle of the Surkhet Valley. On top of this hillock is a ruin of a 12th-century stone temple, which shows that the people of the region practiced Hinduism along with Buddhism. The carved stones and bronze statues reflect the images of Buddha, and many Hindu gods and goddesses including Saraswati and Ganesh. This Hindu-Buddhist temple is protected by the government and there is a plan in place to re-erect the structure to its original shape. Architects are working hard to put all the pieces together so as to come up with a model of the temple. Boasting an amazing view of Birendranagar, this beautiful place continuously ranks as one of the most important tourist destinations. Thousands of people come to the area for religious purposes as well as to experience the rejuvenating atmosphere of nature. Important archaeological, cultural and religious exhibits can be found in the city museum, which preserves facts about the place.An historical and religious temple of Surkhet, built in 18th century by Mall king.But nowdays,it is on reconstruction after a destruction by massive earthquake in 1980 B.S in Nepal.

        March 16, 2016: The Department of Archaeology has started restoring a 12th century temple at Kankre Bihar in Surkhet Valley. Eight craftsmen from Bhaktapur have been commissioned to rebuild the temple in the area where the , after 18 years of excavation, have unearthed several statues and other art facts linked with Hindu and Buddhist religions.
Chandra Ranjitkar, the head craftsman, said they were trying to rebuild the temple in its original form with the materials that were discovered during the excavation.

We are connecting the stones based on their shapes and sizes, said Ranjitkar, who believes the temple was originally built by Indian artisans We do not find this kind of temple design in Nepal. Archaeologists have theorised that the temple was demolished sometime in the 16th century by the followers of Shankaracharya in a bid to stop the spread of Buddhism. Purna Bahadur Shrestha of the DoA said they have sped up the works and they expect the project to complete by 2017. The government has earmarked Rs 81.8 million for the temple restoration.krebihar, near Surkhet, Nepal: 12 th century temple complex, demonstrating interplay of Hinduism and Buddhism

Mangalgadhi[edit]

The pond and religious Hindu site as the bade of battalion of Nepal military is located in this area just to the south of city.

Recreational sites[edit]

Bulbule Tal[edit]

Located in the south of Surkhet bazaar, this lake is part of a recreation park. Because this is one of the constant sources of fresh water, a pipe system is installed to pump-supply drinking water to the village of Latikoili, that lies in the south of the lake. Boating, fishing, swimming to cultural rituals are organized inside the park area.

City museum[edit]

Regional museum named after the region situated at the heart of city has the cultural and religious facts of valley preserved. Ethnic group Raji has its own importance that is depicted from the collection of stuff from past inside the block. Different artistic sculptures from the Kankrevihar – the cucumber-shaped mountain part in the valley signifies the religious importance of the city. The museum is under construction.

Colleges and university[edit]

Mid-Western University, Birendranagar[edit]

Nepal Government appointed Dr. Padam Lal Devkota, an anthropology professor, as the Vice-Chancellor (the chief executive) of the Midwestern University on August 8, 2011. This appointment can be regarded as the official beginning of the university in the Midwestern region of Nepal. Prior to this, a team of self-motivated and active educationists in Surkhet had been working hard for more than seventeen years to establish this university. This university has come into existence after a long and untiring efforts of the team. Collaborating with the existing political parties, building partnerships with adjacent districts, lobbying with the government, and fundraising campaigns had been a norm for this team built up by the people's bottom-up initiation and known in the region as the Preparation Committee of the Mid-Western University.

Since an independent institution of higher education was a cherished dream of the people of this area, the team was able to garner a tremendous political support from the existing parties as well as a wide enthusiastic participation of the people of this region. People of Surkhet particularly showed an amazing example of contribution to the fundraising program geared to the establishment of this university.

Mid-Western University is still in the making and has much to do before coming fully into function. The land, property, human resource, and the students of the existing TU-affiliated campuses in the region are likely to come under this university to give it a life to begin with. There is strong support to this university from the existing campuses throughout the region.

Supposed to be catering for the regional higher education need of the youth, this university is also expected to serve as a partner and a vehicle of the development of the whole Midwestern Development Region of the country. The headquarters of the university is in the process of opening soon in Birendranagar. It is also hoped that this university will bring about a significant change of strategy over the education system of this geographically largest region of the country. One of the most educationally backward regions, the area was also a major sufferer and also an instigator of the 10-year civil war (1996–2006), which brought about major political changes nationwide.

Surkhetcampus (Education)[edit]

Officially known as "Surkhet Campus (Education)", this very old campus began operation in Nepalgunj. Later, when the campus was moved to Surkhet, Birendranagar Multiple Campus (BMC) was already in operation. For several years, the campus did not have its own buildings. Therefore, it would run its programs in the rented rooms of BMC during the day times and evenings. This was possible because BMC, attended mostly by office-goers, ran programs in the mornings only. It is one of the constituent campuses of Tribhuvan University, which has headquarters in Kathmandu.

Birendranagar Multiple campus[edit]

One of the most important colleges, it offers multiple streams of education up to masters level. Famous countrywide in business administration, it is a popular campus because of its close proximity to main market. This campus is also affiliated to Tribhuvan University, the oldest and the largest university in Nepal.

Bidyapur Janata Campus[edit]

This campus is situated in Bidyapur VDC of Surkhet District which lies in western part of Surkhet. This VDC is the pioneer in education. The High School is one of the oldest schools in Surkhet and run by the support and participation of local people. The college, established in 2008 offers Bachelors program in Humanities and Education. The Campus is in initial phase and needs support from different national and international individuals interested in education. The economic condition of the people conducting the campus is not high enough to manage the college and there is nominal support from the government.

Apart from these major campuses, there are several other colleges and vocational schools run in the town. Now it runs program in its 5th year of establishment where new courses are adding continuously.

Hospitals[edit]

Birendranagar is the main educational and health center in West Hilly Region of Nepal; various colleges and schools are there and a regional hospital and a district hospital are the major ones but other private hospitals, nursing homes, and clinics are also running.

Mid-western Regional Hospital Birendranagar Nepal

This newly constructed hospital is now running with a capacity of 100 beds but it is expected to be more than 300 beds soon. This hospital will provide all advanced lab services not only for the people of Birendranagar but also for the people of the entire Mid Western Region of Nepal.

The 300-bed hospital will be built in five phases. Some 22 bighas of land has been allocated for the construction of the hospital at ward No.3 kalagaun in Birendranagar. Although plans were made three years ago for the construction, it could not be built for various reasons

District Hospital

Oldest hospital in Birendranagar running with 35 beds and providing medical facilities to the locals. Also there is an American diplomat made Eye care center in the compound District hospital, This Eye care center has 15 bed services with operation room.

Midwestern Region Veterinary Hospital Birendranagar Nepal

This hospital is providing all the treatment to the cattle of the local farmers in the Midwestern region of Nepal.

One eye treatment center and other private hospital and nursing homes are also serving the people of Birendranagar.

Media[edit]

Radio Nepal has a regional station in Birendranagar which transmits various programs of mass interest. Several local FM stations and TV channels are run in local level to speed up the communication level of this area. Among them, Radio bheri 102.7 MHz Radio Surkhet 90.2 MHZ, Jagaran F.M. 90.8 MHz and Bulbule F.M. 103.4 MHz. local TV sungava and samabeshi television.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nepal Census 2001", Nepal's Village Development Committees, Digital Himalaya, archived from the original on 2008-10-12
  2. ^ "Province 6 named Karnali, capital Surkhet". Kathmandu: Kathmandu Post. 2018.
  3. ^ [1]. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  4. ^ [2]. Department Of Hydrology and Meteorology Retrieved 26 September 2014.

External links[edit]