B. N. Sircar (Birendranath Sircar)
Sircar on a 2013 stamp of India
|Born||5 July 1901|
|Died||28 November 1980|
Birendranath Sircar (also Sarkar; 5 July 1901 – 28 November 1980) was an Indian film producer and the founder of New Theatres Calcutta. He made Bengali-language films that were noted for introducing many film directors who later became famous. He was awarded the Dada Saheb Phalke Award in 1970 and the third highest civilian award in India, the Padma Bhushan, in 1972.
B. N. Sircar was born in Bhagalpur to the then Advocate-General of Bengal, Sir N. N. Sircar. After completing his study at Hindu School, Kolkata, he studied Engineering at the University of London and on returning to India he was asked to build a cinema. The project caused him to develop a keen interest in film and he proceeded to build a cinema for the screening of Bengali-language films. Called Chitra, this was opened in Calcutta by Subhas Chandra Bose on 30 December 1930 and was followed by the construction of New Cinema, which showed Hindi films. He then decided to involve himself in making of two silent films.
On 10 February 1931, he founded New Theatres Calcutta. A stickler for quality, Sircar attracted directors such as P.C. Barua, Premankor Atharthi, Debaki Bose, Dhiren Ganguly, Bimal Roy and Phani Majumdar under his wings. Actors such as KL Saigal, Pahadi Sanyal, Amar Mullick, Kanan Devi, Chandrabati Devi, Lila Desai Leela Desai and Prithviraj Kapoor were on his payroll. Technicians like Mukul Bose (Sound Recordist- Director), Yusuf Moolji (Cameraman), Nitin Bose (Cameraman-Director) and Subodh Mitra (Editor) were well aware of the various technical innovations being introduced in Hollywood and Europe and were able to adapt many of these within the limitations of the New Theatres Studio lot. Music composers and singers such as RC Boral, Timir Baran and Pankaj Mullick too were associated with New Theatres productions. He was the President of the BMPA in the late 1940s
In 1935, playback singing was first used in India in the Bengali film Bhagya Chakra by Nitin Bose. The singers were K C Dey, Parul Ghosh and Suprabha Sarkar. Dhoop Chhaon, Hindi remake of this film, was the first Hindi film to use playback singing.
Kanan Devi was the first popular star actress, who appeared in many films produced by New Theatres. Also there was a group of talented actors with New Theatres like K.L. Saigal, K. C. Dey, Prithviraj Kapoor, Chhabi Biswas, Bikash Roy, Pahari Sanyal, Basanta Choudhury.
- Dena Paona (Released 30 December 1931) – Directed by Premankur Atarthi
- Natir Puja (Released 22 March 1932)
- Punarjanma (Released 2 April 1932) – Directed by Premankur Atarthi
- Mohabbat Ke Ansu Urdu, (Released 1932) – Directed by Premankur Atarthi
- Zinda Lash Urdu, (Released 1932) – Directed by Premankur Atarthi
- Chirakumar Sabha (Released 28 May 1932) – Directed by Premankur Atarthi
- Pallisamaj (Released 1 July 1932) – Directed by Sisir Bhaduri
- Chandidas (Released 24 September 1932) – Directed by Debaki Bose
- Kapalkundala (Released 20 May 1933) – Directed by Premankur Atarthi
- Mastuto Bhai (short) (Released 20 May 1933) – Directed by Dhirendranath Gangopadhyay
- Sita (Released 26 October 1933) – Directed by Sisir Bhaduri
- Mirabai (Released 11 November 1933) – Directed by Debaki Bose
- Excuse Me Sir (short) (Released 30 March 1934) – Directed by Dhirendranath Gangopadhyay
- Ruplekha (Released 14 April 1934) – Directed by P.C. Barua
- P.Brothers (Cartoon) (Released 23 June 1934) – Directed by Raichand Boral
- Mahua (Released 31 August 1934) – Directed by Hiren Bose
- Devdas (Released 30 March 1935) – Directed by Nitin Bose
- Abaseshe (short) (Released 24 August 1935) – Directed by Dineshranjan Das
- Bhagyachakra (Released 3 October 1935) – Directed by Nitin Bose
- Grihadaha (Released 10 October 1936) – Directed by P.C. Barua
- Mando Ki (short) (Released 21 October 1936) – Directed by Tulsi Lahiri
- Maya (Released 23 December 1936) – Directed by P.C. Barua
- Didi (Released 3 April 1937) – Directed by Nitin Bose
- Mukti (Released 18 September 1937) – Directed by P.C. Barua
- Arghya (short) (Released 25 September 1937)
- Bidyapati (Released 2 April 1938) – Directed by Debaki Bose
- Abhignan (Released 11 June 1938) – Directed by Prafulla Ray
- Desher mati (Released 17 August 1938) – Directed by Nitin Bose
- Achinpriya (Released 29 October 1938) – Directed by Dhirendranath Gangopadhyay
- Sathi (Released 3 December 1938) – Directed by Phani Majumdar
- Adhikar (Released 12 January 1939) – Directed by P.C. Barua
- Baradidi (Released 7 April 1939) – Directed by Amar Mullik
- Sapure (Released 27 May 1939) – Directed by Debaki Bose
- Rajat Jayanti (Released 12 August 1939) – Directed by P.C. Barua
- Jiban Maran (Released 14 October 1939) – Directed by Nitin Bose
- Parajoy (Released 22 March 1940) – Directed by Hemchandra Chandra
- Daktar (Released 31 August 1940) – Directed by Phani Majumdar
- Abhinetri (Released 30 November 1940) – Directed by Amar Mullik
- Nartaki (Released 18 January 1941) – Directed by Debaki Bose
- Parichoy (Released 25 April 1941) – Directed by Nitin Bose
- Pratishruti (Released 14 August 1941) – Directed by Hemchandra Chandra
- Shodhbodh (Released 28 March 1942) – Directed by Soumen Mukhopadhyay
- Minakshi (Released 12 June 1942) – Directed by Madhu Bose
- Priyo Bandhabi (Released 23 January 1943) – Directed by Soumen Mukhopadhyay
- Kashinath (Released 2 April 1943) – Directed by Nitin Bose
- Dikshul (Released 12 June 1943) – Directed by Premankur Atarthi
- Udayer Pathey (Released 1 September 1944) – Directed by Bimal Roy
- Dui Purush (Released 30 August 1945) – Directed by Subodh Mitra
- Biraj Bou (Released 5 July 1946) – Directed by Amar Mullik
- Nurse Sisi (Released 27 April 1947) – Directed by Subodh Mitra
- Ramer Sumati (Released 24 December 1947) – Directed by Kartik Chattopadhyay
- Pratibad (Released 19 June 1948) – Directed by Hemchandra Chandra
- Anjangarh (Released 24 September 1948) – Directed by Bimal Roy
- Mantramugdha (Released 14 January 1949) – Directed by Bimal Roy
- Bishnupriya (Released 7 October 1949) – Directed by Hemchandra Chandra
- Rupkatha (Released 13 October 1950) – Directed by Soren Sen
- Aadur Prem, 2011 – Directed by Somnath Gupta
- "B.N. Sircar : भारतीय सिनेमा के विकास की नींव के एक निर्माता | Cine Manthan". Archived from the original on 16 April 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- Gulzar; Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal, eds. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 632. ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5.
- B.N.Sircar Upperstall Profile Archived 1 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Bagiswar Jha : B.N. Sircar : A monograph; Seagull Books, Calcutta (1990)
- "Bhagya Chakra (1935)". www.imdb.com. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- "Dhoop Chhaon (1935)". www.imdb.com. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- "18th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2013)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015.
- Sur, Ansu (1999). Ansu Sur (ed.). Bengali film directory. Nandan, Calcutta. p. 319.
- Mukherjee, Partha, Priyanka. "New Awakening". harmonyindia.org. harmonyindia.org. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- New Theatres Is Back Archived 27 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- www.kundanlalsaigal.com – Comprehensive Resource Website, offering preview of all his songs.
- www.pankajmullick.com – Comprehensive Resource Website, offering preview of his songs.
- www.krishnachandradey.com – Comprehensive Resource Website, offering preview of his songs.
- Birendranath Sircar on IMDb
- A short history of Bengali cinema
- A Biography of B N Sircar
- An article on New Theatres by Sharmistha Gooptu