Birger Ruud in 1936
23 August 1911|
|Died||13 June 1998 (aged 86)|
Born in Kongsberg, Birger Ruud, with his brothers Sigmund and Asbjørn, dominated international jumping in the 1930s, winning three world championships in 1931, 1935 and 1937. Ruud also won the Olympic gold medal in 1932 and 1936, the first repeat winner of ski jumping gold. He also was an accomplished alpine skier, winning a bronze medal in the combined at the 1935 world championships. Ruud won the Holmenkollen ski jumping competition in 1934 and shared the Holmenkollen medal in 1937 with Olaf Hoffsbakken and Martin P. Vangsli.
In 1943, during the German occupation of Norway, Ruud was incarcerated at Grini concentration camp for expressing his anti-Nazi sentiments. After his release in 1944, he joined the Norwegian resistance movement. He also competed in the 1948 Olympics, winning the ski jumping silver medal at age 36, though he was initially only at the Games as assistant coach of Norway’s ski jumping team. This accomplishment he personally held in the highest regard; it made him the first ski jumper to medal in three different Olympics. Twice he set ski jumping world records: 76.5 m (250.98 ft) in Odnesbakken in 1931, and 92 m (301.84 ft) in Planica in 1934.
In 1987, a bronze sculpture of Birger Ruud, by the Norwegian sculptor Per Ung, was set up in Ruud’s native town of Kongsberg, and in 1991 he was awarded the Egebergs Ærespris for his achievements in ski jumping and alpine skiing. Ruud was selected to light the Olympic Flame at the 1994 Lillehammer Olympics in Norway, but had to withdraw due to heart complications immediately before the event. He died in 1998, aged 86.
- Lutz, Rachel (February 14, 2018). "1948: Birger Ruud wins silver after surviving Nazi concentration camp". NBC Sports. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
- Wallechinsky, David; Jaime Loucky (2005). The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics, Toronto: Sport Classic Books. ISBN 1-894963-45-8
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Birger Ruud.|
- Biography of Birger Ruud in English at the Wayback Machine (archived 2011-07-20)
- Birger Ruud's Memorial Fund
- Birger Ruud Philately
- Birger Ruud at the International Ski Federation. Alpine skiing profile
- Birger Ruud at the International Ski Federation. Ski jumping profile
- Holmenkollen medalists - click Holmenkollmedaljen for downloadable pdf file (in Norwegian) at the Wayback Machine (archived 2007-02-24)
- Holmenkollen winners since 1892 - click Vinnere for downloadable pdf file (in Norwegian) at the Wayback Machine (archived 2007-02-24)
- Birger Ruud at the International Olympic Committee
- Birger Ruud at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
- Sculpture[permanent dead link]
Grete Ingeborg Nykkelmo
| Egebergs Ærespris