Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester

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Birgitte
Duchess of Gloucester (more)
Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester 2015.jpg
The Duchess in 2015
Born Birgitte Eva Henriksen
(1946-06-20) 20 June 1946 (age 72)
Odense, Denmark
Spouse
Issue
House Windsor (by marriage)
Father Asger Henriksen
Mother Vivian van Deurs

Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester, GCVO (born Birgitte Eva Henriksen, later van Deurs; 20 June 1946), is the wife of Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.

Early life[edit]

Birgitte was born Birgitte Eva Henriksen, in Odense, Denmark, the younger daughter of Asger Preben Wissing Henriksen, a lawyer, and his wife, Vivian van Deurs. She was educated in Odense and at finishing schools in Lausanne and Cambridge.[1]

She took her mother's ancestral name van Deurs on 15 January 1966, when her parents separated.[2] After studying for three years in Copenhagen, she moved back to England in 1971 to work at the Danish Embassy in London.[1]

Marriage[edit]

The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester

Birgitte first met Prince Richard of Gloucester, the younger son of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, and Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, in the late 1960s in Cambridge. In February 1972, they became engaged.[1] The groom designed her coral and silver engagement ring.[3] They married on 8 July 1972 at St Andrew's Church, Barnwell, Northamptonshire.[1] The bride's wedding dress was designed by Norman Hartnell.[4] It had a "high collar, simple skirt and small train, and long sleeves all done in white Swiss organdie with a floral embossing."[4] Instead of wearing a tiara, the bride wore stephanotis flowers on her hair which secured the veil.[5]

Six weeks after their wedding, Prince Richard's elder brother, Prince William, was killed in a flying accident. Prince Richard unexpectedly became heir apparent to the dukedom and upon his father's death in 1974, the couple became the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester.[1]

The couple have three children: Alexander (born 1974), Davina (born 1977), and Rose (born 1980).[1]

Activities[edit]

The Duchess in Brisbane, 1979
Birgitte talking to children at Fleming Fulton School, 2015

The Duchess of Gloucester has accompanied the Duke of Gloucester on his official visits overseas: her first visit was in 1973, when they represented the Queen at the 70th birthday celebrations of King Olav V of Norway.[6] Other joint visits have included Australia, Belgium, China, Denmark, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Nepal, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Tonga, Tunisia and the United States.[6]

Birgitte has also travelled overseas in support of her own patronages and military units, including a visit to Iraq in December 2008.[6]

She and her husband represented the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh at the state funeral of King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV of Tonga on 19 September 2006.[7] They also represented the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh at the coronation of King George Tupou V of Tonga on 1 August 2008 in Nukuʻalofa.[8]

Birgitte is sponsor of two Royal Navy ships: HMS Gloucester and HMS Sandown. She is also the Royal Patron of the Bermuda Regiment. She is patron of SeeAbility, a charity for people with learning disabilities and sight loss; Bliss, the special care baby charity; and Music in Hospitals & Care.[9] She regularly attends functions at schools of which she is president or patron: St Paul's Cathedral School; the Friends of St Paul's Cathedral;[10] St John's School, Leatherhead;[11] Bridewell Royal Hospital (King Edward's School, Witley); the Royal Alexandra and Albert School;[12] the Children's Society;[13] Parkinson's UK;[14] Hope for Youth Northern Ireland;[15] Scottish Opera;[16] and Lawn Tennis Association.[17]

After the death of Diana, Princess of Wales,[18] Birgitte became President of the Royal Academy of Music.[19] She is also the patron of Prostate Cancer UK,[20] and in March 2006, she opened the Prostate Centre.[21]

The Duke and Duchess live in London at Kensington Palace, their official royal residence.[22]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 20 June 1946 – 15 January 1966:[2] Miss Birgitte Eva Henriksen
  • 15 January 1966 – 8 June 1972: Miss Birgitte Eva van Deurs
  • 8 June 1972 – 10 June 1974: Her Royal Highness Princess Richard of Gloucester
  • 10 June 1974 – present: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Gloucester

Honours[edit]

Commonwealth[edit]

Honorary military appointments[edit]

Australia Australia
  • Australia Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Australian Army Educational Corps[1]
Bermuda Bermuda
Canada Canada
New Zealand New Zealand
  • New Zealand Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal New Zealand Army Educational Corps[1]
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Arms[edit]

Issue[edit]

Name Birth Marriage Issue
Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster 24 October 1974 22 June 2002 Claire Booth Xan Windsor, Lord Culloden
Lady Cosima Windsor
Lady Davina Lewis 19 November 1977 31 July 2004 Gary Lewis Senna Lewis
Tāne Lewis
Lady Rose Gilman 1 March 1980 19 July 2008 George Gilman Lyla Gilman
Rufus Gilman

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "The Duchess of Gloucester". The Royal Family. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Name change is mentioned in parish register of Th. Kingo, Odense (Regional Archive, Odense)
  3. ^ "British Engagement Rings, Part 2". The Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "The Duchess of Gloucester's Gown". The Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  5. ^ "The 22 Most Gorgeous Royal Wedding Tiara Moments of All Time (slide 15)". Harper's Bazaar Singapore. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c "The Duchess of Gloucester – Public role". Official website of the Royal Family. Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "Tonga Mourns King's Death". CBS News. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "His Majesty King George Tupou V of Tonga". The Daily Telegraph. 18 March 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  9. ^ "Meet MiHC Office Staff and Patrons across the UK". Music in Hospitals & Care. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  10. ^ "A Royal Celebration of St Paul's Friends and Benefactors". St Paul's Cathedral. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  11. ^ "Royal Visit". St John's School, Leatherhead. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  12. ^ "Our Royal Heritage". Royal Alexandra and Albert School. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  13. ^ "HRH The Duchess of Gloucester visits The Children's Society in Manchester". The Children's Society. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  14. ^ "The Duchess of Gloucester, Patron". Parkinson's UK. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  15. ^ "HRH The Duchess of Gloucester attends 'Hope for Youth Northern Ireland' gala dinner at Belfast City Hall". GOV.UK. 21 March 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  16. ^ "The Board of Scottish Opera". Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  17. ^ "Lawn Tennis Association pays tribute to Her Majesty The Queen". Lawn Tennis Association. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  18. ^ "Special Report: Princess Diana, 1961–1997". Time. 18 September 1997. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  19. ^ "About us - History". Royal Academy of Music. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  20. ^ "Prostate Research receives royal attention". PR Newswire. 4 March 2003. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  21. ^ "About The Prostate Centre". The Prostate Centre. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  22. ^ Hampson, Laura (December 8, 2017). "Meet Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's new neighbours - the royals who live in Kensington Palace". London Evening Standard. Retrieved December 12, 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c "The Duchess of Gloucester: Honours". Royal Household. Archived from the original on 11 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c d [1]
  25. ^ "Royal orders presented at Palace". Matangi Tonga Online. 1 August 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2018. 
  26. ^ "Colonel-In-Chief of the CFDS". National Defence and the Canadian Forces. Archived from the original on 23 September 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  27. ^ a b Boutell, Charles; Brooke-Little, John Philip (1978). Boutell's Heraldry (8th (revised) ed.). Frederick Warne. p. 226. ISBN 9780723220961. 

External links[edit]

Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lady Sarah Chatto
Ladies
HRH The Duchess of Gloucester
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Kent