Birhor language

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Birhor
Native toIndia
EthnicityBirhor people
Native speakers
2,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3biy
Glottologbirh1242[2]

The Birhor language is a highly endangered Munda language spoken by the Birhor people in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, and Maharashtra states in India.[1]

The Birhor are found mostly in Chota Nagpur and Santhal Paragana, with the Uthlu Birhors living near Bishunpur, Gumla district, Jharkhand (along the western border with Chhattisgarh).[3]

Status[edit]

Most Birhor know Santali and Hindi, and a small minority know Ho. However, children still learn the language, and Birhor families use the language all the time at home. In addition, most Birhor want to be educated in their own language, and the language is used in most community affairs.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Birhor at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Birhor". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Vidyarthi, L. P. (31 January 1960), "The Birhor (The Little Nomadic Tribe of India)", Men and Cultures, University of Pennsylvania Press, doi:10.9783/9781512819526-085, ISBN 9781512819526
  4. ^ Sarkar, Sangita. "Birhor: A Sociolinguistic Study of Language Endangerment" (PDF).
  • Roy, Sarat Chandra. 1925. The Birhors: a little-known jungle tribe of Chota Nagpur. Ranchi: K.E.M. Mission Press.

External links[edit]