Birhor language

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Native to India
Ethnicity Birhor people
Native speakers
difficult to estimate; 1,000 (1991) to 2,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 biy
Glottolog birh1242[2]

The Birhor language is a highly endangered Munda language spoken by the Birhor people in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, and Maharashtra states in India.[1]

According to Vidyarthi (1960:519), the Birhor are found mostly in Chota Nagpur and Santhal Paragana, with the Uthlu Birhors living near Bishunpur, Gumla district, Jharkhand (along the western border with Chhattisgarh).


  1. ^ a b Birhor at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Birhor". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  • Roy, Sarat Chandra. 1925. The Birhors: a little-known jungle tribe of Chota Nagpur. Ranchi: K.E.M. Mission Press.
  • Vidyarthi, L. P. 1960. The Birhor (the little nomadic tribe of India). In Wallace, Anthony F. C. (ed.), Men and cultures: selected papers of the Fifth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Philadelphia, September 1–9, 1956, 519-525. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania University Press.

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