Biri language

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Biri
Eastern Maric
Native toAustralia
RegionQueensland
EthnicityBiria, Kangulu, Wiri, Yuibera, Yilba, Barada, Yambina, Yetimarala, Karingbal, ?Yangga, Gia (Bumbarra), Baranha, Miyan
Extinct(date missing)
Dialects
  • Biri
  • Gangulu
  • Wirri (Widi, Yuwibara)
  • Yilba
  • Baradha
  • Yambina
  • Yetimarala
  • Garanjbal
  • Yangga[1]
  • Mandalgu
  • Giya (Bumbarra)?
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
bzr – Biri
gnl – Gangulu
xgi – Garingbal
Glottologeast2716[2]
AIATSIS[3]E56 Biri, E58 Giya, E65 Mandalgu, E52 Yangga

Biri (Biria, Birigaba) is an extinct Australian Aboriginal language of Queensland. A grammar of Biri proper was written before the language became extinct.

Giya may have been a dialect.[3] Barna, spoken by the Aminungo in the midst of identified Biri dialects, may have been as well. There is some confusion as to whether Yangga was a dialect of Biri or of Mbara, possibly these were two dialects with the same name.

Phonology[edit]

Sounds[edit]

Labial Velar Dental Palatal Alveolar/
Retroflex
Stop b ɡ ɟ d
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n
Lateral l
Rhotic r
Approximant w j ɻ

Vowels are noted as /a, i, u/.[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RMW Dixon (2002), Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development, p xxxiii
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Maric". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b E56 Biri at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  4. ^ Terrill, Angela (1998). Biri.

External links[edit]