Birju Maharaj

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Birju Maharaj
Pandit Birju Maharaj.jpg
Background information
Born (1938-02-04) 4 February 1938 (age 83)
Handia, United Provinces, British India
GenresIndian classical
Occupation(s)Dancer, composer, singer
Years active1951–present

Brijmohan Mishra, (born 4 February 1938), popularly known as Pandit Birju Maharaj, is an exponent of the Lucknow Kalka-Bindadin gharana of Kathak dance in India. He is a descendant of the Maharaj family of Kathak dancers, which includes his two uncles, Shambhu Maharaj and Lachhu Maharaj, and his father and guru, Acchan Maharaj. Even though dancing is his first love, he practices Hindustani classical music and is a vocalist.[1]

After working along with his uncle, Shambhu Maharaj at Bhartiya Kala Kendra, later the Kathak Kendra, New Delhi, he remained head of the latter, for several years, till his retirement in 1998 when he opened his own dance school, Kalashram, also in Delhi.[2]

Early life and background[edit]

Birju Maharaj was born in the house of Kathak exponent, Jagannath Maharaj, popularly known as Acchan Maharaj of Lucknow Gharana, who served as court dancer in Raigarh princely state.[3] Birju was trained by his uncles, Lachhu Maharaj and Shambhu Maharaj and his father, and he gave his first recital at the age of seven. On 20 May 1947, his father died when he was nine.[4]


Maharaj started teaching the dance form at the age of thirteen, at the Sangeet Bharti in New Delhi. He then taught at the Bharatiya Kala Kendra in Delhi, and at the Kathak Kendra (a unit of the Sangeet Natak Akademi) where he was Head of Faculty, and director, retiring in 1998[5] after which he opened his own dance school, Kalashram, also in Delhi. He composed the music, and sang, for two dance sequences in the Satyajit Ray's Shatranj ke Khilari, and choreographed the song Kaahe Chhed Mohe from the 2002 film version of novella Devdas.[6]

Awards and honours[edit]

Film Awards[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kaui, Banotsarg-Boghaz (2002). Subodh Kapoor (ed.). The Indian encyclopaedia: biographical, historical, religious, administrative, ethnological, commercial and scientific. Volume 3. Genesis Publishing. p. 198. ISBN 81-7755-257-0.
  2. ^ Massey, p. 29
  3. ^ Achchan Maharaj
  4. ^ Buddhiraja, Sunita. "Birju Maharaj – Kathak personified". Deccan Herald. Archived from the original on 10 December 2004. Retrieved 25 March 2007.
  5. ^ Bhattacharya, Santwana. "Birju Maharaj retires". Indian Express. Retrieved 25 March 2007.
  6. ^ Birju Maharaj at IMDb
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Dancer". Official website. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Nritya Choodamani Awardees List". Sri Krishna Gana Sabha. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d "Pandit Birju Maharaj". Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Hema Malini selected for Bharat Muni Samman – Hindustan Times". 2012. Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012. The earlier recipients are Thankamani Kutty, Pandit Birju Maharaj,
  11. ^ "Hema Malini receives Bharat Muni Samman: Wonder Woman – Who are you today?". 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012. The earlier recipients are Thankamani Kutty (Bharatanatyam), Pandit Birju Maharaj (kathak),
  12. ^ "60th National Film Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. Retrieved 18 March 2013.

External links[edit]