Birkdale, Queensland

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Birkdale
Redland CityQueensland
Birkdale Road 2018.jpg
Birkdale Road, 2018
Birkdale is located in Queensland
Birkdale
Birkdale
Coordinates27°30′01″S 153°12′40″E / 27.5002°S 153.2111°E / -27.5002; 153.2111Coordinates: 27°30′01″S 153°12′40″E / 27.5002°S 153.2111°E / -27.5002; 153.2111
Population14,497 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density1,066/km2 (2,761/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4159
Area13.6 km2 (5.3 sq mi)
Location
LGA(s)City of Redland
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)Bowman
Suburbs around Birkdale:
Thorneside Thorneside Wellington Point
Ransome Birkdale Wellington Point
Chandler Capalaba Alexandra Hills

Birkdale is a locality in the City of Redland, Queensland, Australia.[2] In the 2016 census, Birkdale had a population of 14,497 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

Birkdale stretches from Tingalpa Creek in the west, the border with Brisbane City, to Wellington Point in the east. Thorneside and Waterloo Bay are to its north, and Capalaba and Alexandra Hills to its south.

History[edit]

Advertising poster for land sale at Wellington Point (now Birkdale), 1889

Birkdale was named in 1880 by local landowner William Thorne after his birthplace, Birkdale in England.[3][dubious ]

Birkdale State School, April 1951

Birkdale State School opened on 27 November 1916 with 28 students.[4][5]

In the 1920s, poultry was a major industry in Birkdale.

Birkdale South State School opened on 25 January 1982.[6]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2016 census, Birkdale recorded a population of 14,497 people, 50.8% female and 49.2% male.

The median age of the Birkdale population was 39 years, 2 years above the national median of 37.

75.2% of people living in Birkdale were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 5.8%, New Zealand 4.9%, South Africa 1.3%, Netherlands 1.2%, Scotland 0.8%.

90% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 1.1% Dutch, 0.5% German, 0.5% Mandarin, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.4% Italian.

Climate[edit]

Birkdale has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot, humid summers and mild winters.[7] From November through March, thunderstorms are common, with the more severe events accompanied by large damaging hail stones, torrential rain and destructive winds.[citation needed]

Climate data for Redlands
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.5
(99.5)
38.2
(100.8)
35.6
(96.1)
32.7
(90.9)
29.3
(84.7)
25.9
(78.6)
27.4
(81.3)
31.6
(88.9)
33.4
(92.1)
35.1
(95.2)
36.6
(97.9)
36.6
(97.9)
38.2
(100.8)
Average high °C (°F) 28.9
(84.0)
28.6
(83.5)
27.7
(81.9)
25.9
(78.6)
23.3
(73.9)
21.0
(69.8)
20.5
(68.9)
21.5
(70.7)
23.6
(74.5)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
28.2
(82.8)
25.1
(77.2)
Average low °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
20.0
(68.0)
18.6
(65.5)
15.7
(60.3)
12.5
(54.5)
9.7
(49.5)
8.2
(46.8)
8.3
(46.9)
11.0
(51.8)
14.2
(57.6)
16.7
(62.1)
18.7
(65.7)
14.5
(58.1)
Record low °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
13.0
(55.4)
10.9
(51.6)
5.0
(41.0)
2.3
(36.1)
1.0
(33.8)
0.0
(32.0)
0.1
(32.2)
2.6
(36.7)
4.2
(39.6)
5.7
(42.3)
9.2
(48.6)
0.0
(32.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 154.3
(6.07)
161.5
(6.36)
163.2
(6.43)
105.7
(4.16)
113.2
(4.46)
87.6
(3.45)
61.8
(2.43)
52.4
(2.06)
39.1
(1.54)
84.0
(3.31)
104.5
(4.11)
143.7
(5.66)
1,269.1
(49.96)
Average precipitation days 11.5 12.9 12.8 11.3 10.2 8.1 7.2 6.2 7.0 9.1 10.2 10.7 117.2
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[8]

Notable citizens[edit]

  • Peter Airley (1865-1950), school teacher, politician and writer[9]
  • Wally Lewis (01/12/59-), Rugby League player, sports presenter
  • Mirusia Louwerse (29 March 1985 -), opera singer[10]
  • George Randall (1843-1930), confectionery manufacturer, migration officer and orchardist[11]

Major features[edit]

Major features of Birkdale are a railway station, a canal style housing development known as Aquatic Paradise, a significant shopping precinct located near Aquatic Paradise and a retirement village known as Wellington Manor.

It is also home to one of the Redlands Waste Transfer Stations (27°30′32″S 153°13′35″E / 27.5089°S 153.2264°E / -27.5089; 153.2264 (Birkdale Waste Transfer Station)), which (as of July 2012) is provided to the residents of the city free of charge. It encourages residents to recycle such items as green waste, cardboard etc. and helps in the proper disposal of hazardous materials.[12]

Schools[edit]

Birkdale State School is a government primary (P-6) school for boys and girls at 74 Agnes Street (corner of Birkdale Road).[13] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 646 students, predominantly drawn from the suburbs of Thorneside and Birkdale, with 43 teachers (39 full-time equivalent) and 20 non-teaching staff (15 full-time equivalent).[5]

Birkdale South State School is a government primary (P-6) school for boys and girls at 451 Old Cleveland Road East.[14] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 583 students with 44 teachers (37 full-time equivalent) and 19 non-teaching staff (14 full-time equivalent). The school's catchment area has transitioned from small crop farms to residential estates.[15]

Transport[edit]

Birkdale Railway Station, 2012

Birkdale railway station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to Brisbane and Cleveland.

Sporting clubs[edit]

  • Birkdale Mud Crabs Cricket Club[16]
  • Bayside Ravens Gridiron Club[17]
  • Redlands Rugby Union Club[18]

Youth organisations[edit]

  • Birkdale Scout Group[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Birkdale (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 November 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Birkdale - locality in City of Redland (entry 48175)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Birkdale (entry 43627)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Agency ID4850, Birkdale State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Annual Report 2017" (PDF). Birkdale State School. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 November 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Agency ID10758, Birkdale South State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  7. ^ Linacre, Edward; Geerts, Bart (1997). Climates and Weather Explained. London: Routledge. p. 379. ISBN 0-415-12519-7. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Redlands HRS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
  9. ^ Sullivan, Martin (1879). "Airey, Peter (1865–1950)". Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Mirusia". Mirusia. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  11. ^ Harrison, Jennifer (2005). "Randall, George (1843–1930)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  12. ^ "Waste transfer stations". Redland City Council. Archived from the original on 21 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  13. ^ "Birkdale State School". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Birkdale South State School". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 30 May 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Annual Report 2017" (PDF). Birkdale South State School. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 November 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 July 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Home - Bayside Ravens Gridiron Club Inc - revolutioniseSPORT". www.baysideravens.com. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 August 2009. Retrieved 3 September 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ http://birkdale.scoutsqld.com.au Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]