Birkelunden

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Map of the district, 1917.

Birkelunden (lit. 'The Birch Grove') is a park placed centrally in the Grünerløkka borough of Oslo, Norway. It is formed as a rectangle, more or less like a city block.

History[edit]

The area belonged to Aker municipality until 1858, when it was incorporated into Christiania (Oslo).[1] It was made into a park on Thorvald Meyer's orders in the 1860s. Having developed the neighborhood Grünerløkka, Meyer gave the park Birkelunden to the municipality in 1882. It received major renovations between 1916 and 1920 and 1984 and 1986. In 1920 it was the intention to create a children's playground as well as a small ice rink. A music pavilion was added in 1926, and a small pool added between 1927 and 1928. The park also has several monuments, including a monument to Norwegian volunteers in the Spanish Civil War.[2] Other major parks in the area are Olaf Ryes plass, Sofienbergparken and Tøyenparken.

Birkelunden, with Grünerløkka school.

The park is surrounded by four streets, and housing three and four storeys tall, mostly built in the 1870s and 1880s.[2] Grünerløkka School adjacent to the park was taken into use in 1895,[3] and on the opposite side of the park is found Paulus Church from 1892.[4]

In 2006 the park, school, church and fifteen blocks in the surrounding urban area was put under strict regulations, prohibiting any visible changes to the city environment. According to the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment, it was the first "preservation of a cultural [physical] environment in a city"; earlier the cultural environments Havråtunet, Sogndalsstrand, Utstein Abbey, Neiden and Kongsberg Silver Works had been preserved.[5]

Transport[edit]

Birkelunden
Location Grünerløkka, Oslo
Norway
Coordinates 59°55′38″N 10°45′36″E / 59.9271°N 10.7601°E / 59.9271; 10.7601
Line(s)

Grünerløkka–Torshov Line

11 12 13 

Birkelunden is a light rail station on the Grünerløkka–Torshov Line of the Oslo Tramway. It is served by lines 11, 12 and 13.[6] The park is also served by line 30 of Ruter's bus network.

  1. ^ Tvedt, Knut Are, ed. (2000). "Grünerløkka". Oslo byleksikon (4th ed.). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. pp. 170–171. ISBN 82-573-0815-3. 
  2. ^ a b Tvedt, Knut Are, ed. (2000). "Birkelunden". Oslo byleksikon (4th ed.). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. p. 62. ISBN 82-573-0815-3. 
  3. ^ Tvedt, Knut Are, ed. (2000). "Grünerløkka skole". Oslo byleksikon (4th ed.). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. p. 171. ISBN 82-573-0815-3. 
  4. ^ Tvedt, Knut Are, ed. (2000). "Paulus kirke". Oslo byleksikon (4th ed.). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. p. 338. ISBN 82-573-0815-3. 
  5. ^ "Birkelunden på Grünerløkka fredes som første kulturmiljø i by" (in Norwegian). Government.no. 28 April 2006. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  6. ^ Oslo Sporveier. "Linjekart" (PDF). Retrieved 18 March 2009. 

References[edit]

TERMINUS NEXT STATION
← WEST
Birkelunden NEXT STATION
EAST→
TERMINUS
Majorstuen Olaf Ryes plass Line 11 Biermanns gate Kjelsås
Majorstuen Line 12 Kjelsås
Jar Line 13 Grefsen

Coordinates: 59°55′35″N 10°45′36″E / 59.92639°N 10.76000°E / 59.92639; 10.76000