Birkenhead (New Zealand electorate)

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Birkenhead was a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1969 to 1996.

Population centres[edit]

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.[1] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election.[2] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Birkenhead) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[3] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[4] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered.[5] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.[2]

This suburban electorate was on the North Shore of Auckland. Most of its original area had previously been with the Waitemata electorate.[6] It was absorbed into the Northcote electorate.

History[edit]

Norman King of the Labour Party had first been elected to the Waitemata electorate in the 1954 election. He was the first representatives for the Birkenhead electorate when it was created for the 1969 election.[7] King was defeated in the 1975 election by Jim McLay of the National Party.[8]

The electorate was abolished in the 1996 election, the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Labour    National  

Election Winner
1969 election Norman King
1972 election
1975 election Jim McLay
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Jenny Kirk
1990 election Ian Revell
1993 election

Election results[edit]

1987 election[edit]

General election, 1987: Birkenhead[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jenny Kirk 11,063 47.4
National Barry Gustafson 8,843 37.9
Democrats R G Midson 397 1.7
NZ Party E R Yeoman 186 0.7
Libertarian D I M Fraser 110 0.4
Majority 2,220 9.5
Turnout 23,329 90.6 -4.3

1984 election[edit]

General election, 1984: Birkenhead[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jim McLay 9,547 40.8 -1.1
Labour J E T Course 7,830 33.5
NZ Party J Pearce 3,761 16.0
Social Credit B R Sheppard 648 2.7
Majority 1,717 7.3 -1.8
Turnout 23,370 94.9 +4.5

1981 election[edit]

General election, 1981: Birkenhead[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jim McLay 9,672 41.9 -6.7
Labour H W Smith 7,568 32.7
Social Credit M W Adair 3,552 15.3
Majority 2,104 9.1
Turnout 23,082 90.4 +18.6

1978 election[edit]

General election, 1978: Birkenhead[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jim McLay 9,350 48.6 -2.9
Labour L R Stanton 6,816 35.4
Social Credit D G Long 2,583 13.4
Values E K Wargeant 480 2.4
Majority 2,534 13.1
Turnout 26,882 71.8 -13.7

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Birkenhead[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jim McLay 10,871 51.5
Labour Norman King 8,055 38.2 -11.6
Values Ray Tomes 1,253 5.9
Social Credit G Thew 907 4.3 -1.2
Independent N J Hardie 14 0.1
Majority 2,816 13.3
Turnout 24,753 85.5 -5.4

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Birkenhead[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman King 8,213 49.8 -1.4
National Don McKinnon 6,680 40.5 -1.7
Social Credit G Thew 904 5.5
Values A J Quaill 642 3.9
New Democratic L S Inkster 47 0.3
Majority 1,533 9.3 +0.3
Turnout 18,286 90.9 +1.5

1969 election[edit]

General election, 1969: Birkenhead[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman King 9,623 51.2
National Don McKinnon 7,922 42.2
Social Credit J R Neil 1,236 6.6
Majority 1,701 9.0
Turnout 21,144 89.4

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  2. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 106, 111.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 210.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 210, 216.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Norton 1988, pp. 202.

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.