Birkenkopf

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The Birkenkopf
The Birkenkopf is located in Baden-Württemberg
The Birkenkopf
The Birkenkopf
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Highest point
Elevation511 m (1,677 ft)
Coordinates48°45′55″N 9°7′54″E / 48.76528°N 9.13167°E / 48.76528; 9.13167Coordinates: 48°45′55″N 9°7′54″E / 48.76528°N 9.13167°E / 48.76528; 9.13167
Naming
TranslationBirch-Head (German)
Geography
LocationStuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland
Geology
Mountain typeSchuttberg
View from the top of the Birkenkopf.
The memorial plaque fixed to one of the rubble pieces

The About this soundBirkenkopf  is a prominent hill in Stuttgart, Germany. At an elevation of 511m, it is the highest point in the city centre of Stuttgart and is almost 300m higher than the river Neckar on which the city lies. It is in part a Schuttberg, an artificial hill built from the ruins and rubble from World War II.

During the war, 53 Allied bombing missions destroyed over 45% of Stuttgart, and nearly the entire city center. Between 1953 and 1957, 1.5 million cubic meters[1] of rubble were cleared and moved to the hill, which resulted in an increase in height of around 40 meters. At the summit there are many recognizable facades from ruined buildings. The locals colloquially call the Birkenkopf "Monte Scherbelino", which roughly translates as "Mount Shards" but in an expression alluding to Italian.[1] One of the pieces of rubble has a plaque attached to it, which says: Dieser Berg nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg aufgetürmt aus den Trümmern der Stadt steht den Opfern zum Gedächtnis den Lebenden zur Mahnung. This translates roughly as: This mountain after World War II, piled up from the ruins of the city, stands as a memorial to the victims and a reminder to the living.

From the summit the whole city center can be seen, and on a clear day the view extends to the Swabian Alb, to the Black Forest, and the lowlands of Württemberg. On the summit there is a steel cross, which in 2003 replaced the original 1953 wooden cross. In the summer, early morning services are held on Sundays here.

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