Birla Industrial & Technological Museum

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Birla Industrial & Technological Museum
बिड़ला औद्योगिक एवं प्रौद्योगिकीय संग्रहालय
বিড়লা শিল্প ও টেকনোলজিক্যাল মিউজিয়াম
Abbreviation BITM
Motto Science popularization
Formation 2 May 1959
Type Science Museum
Legal status Government
Purpose Educational
Headquarters Kolkata
Region served
West Bengal, Bihar & Orissa
Emdadul Islam
Parent organization
National Council of Science Museums
Affiliations Minstry of Culture, Govt. of India
103 [As on 31 March 2013][1]
Remarks Visitors 2,10,110 [As on 31 March 2013][2]

Birla Industrial & Technological Museum (BITM), a unit under National Council of Science Museums [NCSM], Ministry of Culture, Government of India, is at Gurusaday Road, Kolkata.


The first science museum in India was set up by the industrialist Ghanshyam Das Birla at BITS, in Pilani in a hall (185 area) of the Tower Building. The museum depicted mainly the industries and business enterprises of the Birlas. The museum was opened to the public in 1954. Ten years later the museum was shifted to the present building.

The second science museum was mooted by Professor K S Krishnan, physicist and the then Director of National Physical Laboratory (NPL), he was inspired and encouraged by the then prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. Professor R. Subramanian was appointed to develop science museum and planetarium project by NPL in 1956. The science museum of 555 floor space in Delhi was opened for public in 1956, but it was close down by the authority after few years, although it was appreciated by general visitors.

Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, the then Chief Minister of West Bengal and physician was impressed to see Deutsches Museum of Munich. He thought to set up a science museum and a planetarium in Calcutta. Dr. Roy requested to Ghanshyam Das Birla for a help. Ghanshyam Das Birla donated his residential house to the then prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. The three storied Victorian style architectural building along with five bighas land of ‘Birla Park’, where they had lived for thirty five years.[3]

Former Directors
  • Amalendu Bose, 1959 – 1965 & 1971 – 1974
  • Saroj Ghose, 1965 – 1971 & 1974 – 1979
  • Samar Bagchi, 1979–1991
  • Samaresh Goswamy, 1991–2004
  • Jayanta Sthanapati, 2004–2008

Existing galleries[edit]

The Children’s Gallery. (April 2013.)
The Mathematics Gallery. (March 2011.)
  • Biotechnolog

Regular activities[edit]

  • 3D film show, 'SOS Planet' at 12:00 noon, 1:00, 2:00p.m, 3:00p.m, 4:00p.m & 4:30 p.m @ 15/- per head
  • Science Shows on Magic & Miracle, at 2p.m @4/- per head
  • Surprising Chemical Reactions, at 12:30 p.m. @ 4/- per head
  • Super Cool Bodies at 3:30 p.m @4/- per head
  • Fun Science show for children at 11:00 a.m @ 4/- per head
  • Sky Observation Programme
  • Taramandal Show at 12:30 p.m., 2:30 p.m and 4:30 p.m @ 5/- per head
  • Contact Telephone no. 2287 7241, 2287 7242, 2287 7243, 2289 2815

Satellite units[edit]

  • Bardhaman Science Centre, Babur Bagh. Inaugurated on 9 January 1994. Covered floor area 952.7 Sq. metres.
  • Digha Science Centre & National Science Camp, New Digha. Inaugurated on 31 August 1997. Covered floor area 2589 Sq. metres.
  • Dhenkanal Science Centre, Orissa. Inaugurated on 5 June 1995. Covered floor area 1147 Sq. metres.
  • District Science Centre, Purulia. Inaugurated on 15 December 1982. Covered floor area 1637.40 Sq. metres.
  • Kapilas Science Park, Dhenkanal. Inaugurated on 5 June 1995. Area 4.8 Acres
  • North Bengal Science Centre, Matigara. Inaugurated on 17 August 1997. Covered floor area 1875 Sq. metres.
  • Regional Science Centre, Bhubaneswar. Inaugurated on 18 September 1989. Covered floor area 3819 Sq. metres.
  • Srikrishna Science Centre, Patna. Inaugurated on 14 April 1978. Covered floor area 3523 Sq. metres.

Coordinates: 22°32′4″N 88°21′49″E / 22.53444°N 88.36361°E / 22.53444; 88.36361


  1. ^ Activity report 2012–13. p-80. National Council of Science Museums publication
  2. ^ Activity report 2012–13. p-80 National Council of Science Museums publication
  3. ^ ‘Birla Industrial and Technological Museum 1959–2009’. Book published by National Council of Science Museums – 2009

External links[edit]