Birlingham

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Birlingham
The Swan, Birlingham.jpg
The Swan, Birlingham
Birlingham is located in Worcestershire
Birlingham
Birlingham
Location within Worcestershire
OS grid referenceSO932428
Civil parish
  • Birlingham
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPERSHORE
Postcode districtWR10
Dialling code01386
PoliceWest Mercia
FireHereford and Worcester
AmbulanceWest Midlands
EU ParliamentWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Worcestershire
52°04′59″N 2°06′00″W / 52.083°N 2.1°W / 52.083; -2.1Coordinates: 52°04′59″N 2°06′00″W / 52.083°N 2.1°W / 52.083; -2.1

Birlingham is a village and civil parish in the Wychavon district of Worcestershire. The village is south of Pershore, located in a bend of the River Avon.

Toponymy[edit]

The name Birlingham is derived from the Old English Byrla–inga–hamm, meaning "Land, in a river-bend, of a man called Byrla". It has been recorded as Byrlingahamm (972) and Berlingeham (1086, Domesday Book).[1]

History[edit]

Roman Britain[edit]

Romans are believed to have settled in Birlingham during the Roman occupation of Britain, suggested by the discovery of a Roman brooch within the village. It is possible that there was a crossing point near the village at Swans Neck, though no evidence has been found of this.[2]

Late Middle Ages[edit]

The Swan Inn, the village's public house, is believed to date back to the 16th century.[3]

Governance[edit]

The village of Birlingham is primarily governed by Birlingham Parish Council, then by Wychavon District Council. It falls within the West Worcestershire constituency.[4]

Geography and demography[edit]

Birlingham is surrounded on the north, south and east sides by a river-bend known as Swans Neck, part of the River Avon. The village is located on a floodplain.[5] Bow Brook passes by the village's west side.

Nearby villages include Defford and Eckington.

In 2001, the parish had a population of 325, compared to a population of 373 in 1991.[6]

Transport[edit]

There are two bus services that serve Birlingham: the 52/53, which goes between Worcester and Eckington (via Pershore and Evesham),[7] and the 54, which goes between Worcester and Pershore.[8] Both services are run by FirstGroup.

Places of worship[edit]

Church of St James the Great
The church's original chancel arch

Birlingham is served by the church of St James the Great, located in the Anglican Diocese of Worcester. The original church was built in the 12th century, with its chancel arch now located outside as the churchyard's entrance. The current west tower was built in the 15th century, the rest of the church being rebuilt around the 1870s by Rev Robert Rashleigh Duke.[9][10]

Services[edit]

Sport[edit]

Birlingham is represented in Worcestershire Cricket League Division League Six by Birlingham Cricket Club.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, A. D.; Room, Adrian (2002). The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford University Press. p. 946. ISBN 0198605617.
  2. ^ Griffin, Simon; Mann, Andrew; Darch, Erica B.; Pearson, Elizabeth (14 January 2003). Archaeological 'Strip and Record' and Watching Brief at Birlingham, Worcestershire (PDF) (Report). Archaeological Service - Worcestershire County Council. pp. 2–8. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  3. ^ "The Swan at Birlingham, near Pershore, gets new owners and a new look". Evesham Journal. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  4. ^ "West Worcestershire - UK Parliament". beta.parliament.uk. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  5. ^ Bretherton, Jeremy; Pearson, Liz (6 July 2000). Watching Brief at Gwen Finch Nature Reserve, Birlingham, Worcestershire (PDF) (Report). Archaeological Service - Worcestershire County Council. pp. 1–9. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  6. ^ Worcestershire County Council (2001). 2001 Census Worcestershire County Population Report (Report). p. 28. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  7. ^ "Timetables | Worcestershire | First Bus". First Bus. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Timetables | Worcestershire | First Bus". First Bus. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  9. ^ "About us - St James the Great -A Church Near You". www.achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  10. ^ Upton, Chris (30 January 2014). "Pretty legacy from beyond the grave". birminghampost. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Title glory for Birlingham cricketers". Evesham Journal. 22 August 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.

External links[edit]