HM Prison Birmingham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Birmingham (HM Prison))
Jump to: navigation, search
HM Prison Birmingham
Location Winson Green, Birmingham, West Midlands
Status Operational
Security class Adult Male/Category B&C
Capacity 1450 (January 2006)
Opened 1849
Managed by G4S
Director Peter Small[1]

HM Prison Birmingham is a Category B/C men's prison, located in the Winson Green area of Birmingham, England. The prison was formerly operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service. It is now managed by G4S .[2]


Birmingham is a Victorian prison, built in 1849.

Numerous judicial executions by hanging took place at the prison until the abolition of capital punishment in the UK. A total of 35 executions took place at Birmingham prison during the 20th century.[3] The last person ever to be hanged at the prison was a 20-year-old Jamaican named Oswald Augustus Grey. He was executed on 20 November 1962 after being convicted of the shooting death of newsagent Thomas Bates during the course of a robbery in Lee Bank Road on 3 June 1962.[4][5][6] Christopher Simcox, a double-murderer, was scheduled for execution at Birmingham prison on Tuesday, 17 March 1964, but was reprieved.

In 1995, Birmingham was criticised by its own Board of Visitors for being soft on prisoners. This arose after allegations that one inmate had gone on two weeks' holiday to Minorca, while being released for weekend leave.[7]

In January 1999 an inspection report by Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons attacked conditions at Birmingham, describing the health centre in the jail as the "untidiest and dirtiest" inspectors had ever come across. The report also criticised the prison for its lack of a sex offender treatment programme, the lack of employment and education opportunities, and the inadequate bathing arrangements where some inmates were only being allowed a full wash three times a week.[7]

In March 2001 the Chief Inspector declared that conditions had worsened in Birmingham Prison where around 11% of inmates had claimed to have been assaulted by prison officers. One particular incident involved a mentally-disturbed prisoner who had been denied a wash or change of clothes for weeks because staff thought he was faking his illness.[8]

In 2002 the prison was expanded as a result of a multimillion-pound investment programme by the Prison Service. 450 additional prisoner places were added together with new workshops, educational facilities, a new healthcare centre and gym as well as extensions and improvements to existing facilities. Two years later, a report from the Chief Inspector found that conditions at Birmingham had substantially improved, stating that the prison was a place where "positive attitudes are firmly embedded".[9]

In November 2007 the Independent Monitoring Board warned in a report that overcrowding at Birmingham was putting prisoners and staff at risk. The report stated that if overcrowding was not tackled, then there was a potential for unrest.[10] Two years later, the Board issued another report that criticised levels of overcrowding at Birmingham Prison. The report also noted that inmates from the jail were being transferred to prisons further north, to accommodate increased prisoner levels from the South-East of England.[11]

Birmingham became the first publicly built, owned and operated prison in the UK to be transferred to the private sector. G4S formally took over the day-to-day running of the prison in October 2011.[12]


The following people were executed in Birmingham Prison between 1885 and 1962:

Executed person Age Date executed Victim(s)
Henry Kimberley 53 17 March 1885 Emma Palmer
George Nathaniel Daniels 34 28 August 1888 Emma Hastings (21)
Harry Benjamin Jones 25 28 August 1888 Florence Harris, a child
Frederick Davies 40 26 August 1890 his wife
Frederick William Fenton 32 4 April 1894 Florence Elborough (24)
Frank Taylor 21 18 August 1896 Mary Lewis (10)
John Joyce 36 20 August 1901 John Nugent (61)
Charles Samuel Dyer 25 5 April 1904 Martha Eliza Simpson (21, girlfriend)
Samuel Holden 43 16 August 1904 Susan Humphries (35, girlfriend)
Frank Greening 34 13 August 1913 Elizabeth Ellen Hearne (27, girlfriend)
William Allen Butler 39 16 August 1916 Florence Beatrice Butler (29)
Louis Van Der Kerkhove 32 9 April 1918 Clemence Verelst (35, girlfriend)
Henry Thomas Gaskin 27 8 August 1919 Elizabeth Gaskin (23, wife)
Samuel Westwood 26 30 December 1920 Lydia Westwood (24, wife)
Edward O'Connor 43 22 December 1921 Thomas O'Connor (5, son)
Elijah Pountney 48 11 August 1922 Alice Gertrude Pountney (47, wife)
William Rider 40 19 December 1922 Rosilla Patience Barton (24, bigamous wife)
John Fisher 58 5 January 1926 Ada Taylor (56, girlfriend)
George Sharples 20 13 April 1926 Milly Illingworth Crabtree (25)
James Joseph Power 32 31 January 1928 Olive Gordon Turner (18)
Victor Edward Betts 21 3 January 1931 William Thomas Andrews (63)
Jeremiah Hanbury 49 2 February 1933 Jessie Payne (39, girlfriend)
Stanley Eric Hobday 21 29 December 1933 Charles William Fox (24)
Dorothea Nancy Waddingham 36 16 April 1936 Louisa Baguley (89), Ada Baguley (50)
Peter Barnes 32 7 February 1940 Elsie Ansell (21), John Arnott (15), James Clay (81),
Rex Gentle (30), and Gwilym Rowland (50)
James Richards 29 7 February 1940
Eli Richards 45 19 September 1941 Jane Turner (64)
Arthur Peach 23 30 January 1942 Kitty Lyon (18)
Harold Oswald Merry 40 10 September 1942 Joyce Dixon (27, girlfriend)
William Quayle 52 3 August 1943 Vera Clarke (8)
James Farrell 19 29 March 1949 Joan Mary Marney (14)
Piotr Maksimowski 33 29 March 1950 Dilys Doreen Campbell (30, girlfriend)
William Athur Watkins 49 3 April 1951 Unnamed illegitimate son (newborn)
Horace Carter 31 1 January 1952 Sheila Ethel Attwood (11)
Leslie Green 29 23 December 1952 Alice Wiltshaw (62)
Frederick Arthur Cross 33 26 July 1955 Donald Haywood Lainton (28)
Corbett Montague Roberts 46 2 August 1955 Doris Acquilla Roberts (41, wife)
Ernest Charles Harding 42 9 August 1955 Evelyn Patricia Higgins (10)
Dennis Howard 24 4 December 1957 David Alan Keasey (21)
Matthew Kavanagh 32 12 August 1958 Isaiah Dixon (60)
Oswald Augustus Grey 20 20 November 1962 Thomas Bates (47)

The prison today[edit]

Birmingham holds adult male prisoners, serving the Crown and Magistrates' Courts of Birmingham, Stafford and Wolverhampton and the Magistrates' Courts of Burton upon Trent, Cannock.

Education and training at Birmingham Prison is provided by Milton Keynes College. Learning programmes for inmates include basic and key skills, bricklaying, plumbing, painting and decorating, carpentry, joinery, forklift truck training, industrial cleaning, catering, textiles, barbering, information technology, business, creative arts and performing arts. All courses lead to qualifications such as NVQs, and there is the option for further study with the Open University.

The Prison Library Service is provided by Birmingham City Council's Library Services, and all prisoners have access to the service. As well as facilities for independent learners, the library has special collections on law, employment, health, community information, English as a second or other language (ESOL), and basic skills materials. There is also a Learning Centre within the library to provide additional learning support to those with dyslexia and ESOL needs.

Physical Education at Birmingham is provided on a daily basis over a 7-day period, and evenings over 5 days. There are a number of sports delivered and also sports related subjects from basic skills to NVQ Level 2 in Sports and Recreation.

Birmingham has a prison chaplaincy with full-time chaplains from the Church of England, Roman Catholic, Free Church and Muslim faiths. There are also sessional staff from the Sikh, Buddhist and Hindu faiths.

Popular culture[edit]

Notable former inmates[edit]


  1. ^ "HMP Birmingham Contacts". Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "G4S will take over 1,400-inmate jail in October'". BBC. 1 July 2011. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^
  6. ^ "newsagent murdered fifty years ago this month". The Brew 'Us Bugle. Ladywood History Group (36). Summer 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Jail conditions attacked". BBC. 13 January 1999. 
  8. ^ "Jail 'among worst in UK'". BBC. 15 March 2001. 
  9. ^ "Report praises Birmingham Prison". BBC. 24 September 2004. 
  10. ^ "Overcrowding fears at city prison". BBC. 20 November 2007. 
  11. ^ "Prison inmates 'forced to move'". BBC. 29 January 2009. 
  12. ^ "Birmingham Prison: 123 jobs could go". BBC News. 1 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°29′35.54″N 1°56′14.05″W / 52.4932056°N 1.9372361°W / 52.4932056; -1.9372361