Birmingham Airport

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For the Birmingham, Alabama airport, see Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport.
Birmingham Airport
BirminghamAirportLogo.svg
Birmingham Airport, England, Feb. 2008.jpg
IATA: BHXICAO: EGBB
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner
Operator Birmingham Airport Ltd
Serves Birmingham, United Kingdom
Location Bickenhill,SOLIHULL, West Midlands
Hub for Flybe[2]
Elevation AMSL 341 ft / 104 m
Coordinates 52°27′14″N 001°44′53″W / 52.45389°N 1.74806°W / 52.45389; -1.74806Coordinates: 52°27′14″N 001°44′53″W / 52.45389°N 1.74806°W / 52.45389; -1.74806
Website birminghamairport.co.uk
Map
EGBB is located in West Midlands county
EGBB
EGBB
Location in the West Midlands
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 3,052 10,013 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 10,187,122
Passenger change 14-15 Increase5.0%
Aircraft Movements (2015) 98,015
Movements change 14-15 Increase0.7%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[3]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[4]

Birmingham Airport (IATA: BHXICAO: EGBB), formerly Birmingham International Airport[5] is an international airport located 5.5 nautical miles (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east southeast of Birmingham city centre, at Bickenhill in Solihull,, England. The airport is a base for Flybe, Monarch, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomson Airways. From March 2017 the airport will become a base for Jet2.com. The airport offers both domestic flights within the UK, and international flights to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, North America and the Caribbean. Passenger throughput in 2015 was over 10.1 million, making Birmingham the seventh busiest UK airport.[4] Birmingham has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P451) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.

Location[edit]

View of Birmingham Airport from the west, before the construction of the new International Pier

Birmingham Airport is 5.5 NM (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east-south-east of Birmingham city centre, in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. It is bordered by the National Exhibition Centre to the east, Marston Green to the north, Sheldon to the west, and the village of Bickenhill to the south.

It is primarily served by the A45 main road, and is near Junction 6 of the M42 motorway. It is connected by the elevated AirRail Link with Birmingham International railway station on the West Coast Main Line.

The airport's location south-east of the city, plus the only operational runway being north-west – south-east (15/33), means that depending on wind direction, aircraft land or take-off directly over Birmingham. The relatively short north-east – south-west runway (06/24) is not operational, and has been incorporated into the taxiway for aircraft departing the end of runway 33, or gaining access to runway 15.

History[edit]

Where Birmingham Airport is now, as it was around 1921. (See[6] for a modern map of Birmingam Airport and surroundings.)
The Maglev rapid transport system, which operated from 1984 to 1995, was the first commercial maglev system in the world

World War II[edit]

  • World War II: The airport was requisitioned by the Air Ministry and was used by the RAF and the Royal Navy as RAF Elmdon, an Elementary Flying School and a base for the Fleet Air Arm. During this time, the original grass strip was replaced by two hard runways: 06/24 at 2,469 feet (753 m) and 15/33 at 4,170 feet (1,271 m).[7] Avro Lancaster and Stirling bombers manufactured at the Austin Aero Company's shadow factory at Cofton Hackett could not take off from the short runways at Longbridge. Instead they were transported by road, minus the wings that would be attached at Elmdon. They were test flown from the aerodrome, and once declared airworthy they were flown to their operational units.
  • 8 July 1946: The aerodrome returned to civilian use, though still under government control.

1950 – 2000[edit]

During the post-war years, public events, such as air fairs and air races were held on the site. In 1961 an additional terminal building to handle international traffic was opened, called The International Building.[8] In 1967 the main runway was extended to 7,400 feet (1.4 miles) to allow jet operations, including introducing VC-10 services to New York.

In 1993, the Government limited public sector borrowing. This meant that the airport could only expand by using private sector finance. 51% of the local council shares were sold to restructure the airport into a private sector company, enabling a £260 million restructuring programme to begin in 1997.

2001 – 2010[edit]

Main check-in hall in Terminal 1
Terminal 2 check-in area
Departure lounge area
Interior of the new International Pier
  • 20 October 2003: Concorde made her final visit to Birmingham Airport on as part of her farewell tour.
  • June 2006: A new turnoff from the main runway was completed and saw an improvement in traffic rates on southerly operations, where the only available option for landing traffic had been to travel to the end of the runway to exit.
  • July 2007: Birmingham was voted the best airport in Europe in the 5 million to 10 million passengers per year category.[9]
  • November 2007: The airport published a master plan for its development up to 2030, called "Towards 2030: Planning a Sustainable Future for Air Transport in the Midlands".[10] This sets out details of changes to the terminals, airfield layout and off-site infrastructure. As with all large scale plans, the proposals are controversial, with opposition from environmentalists and local residents. In particular the requirement for a second parallel runway based on projected demand was disputed by opponents. Plans for a 2nd runway on the other side of the M42 and a new terminal building and business park have been published, and they could help to create around 250,000 jobs. It has been estimated that if these plans went ahead, the airport could handle around 70,000,000 passengers annually, and around 500,000 aircraft movements.[11]
  • January 2008: The shorter runway (06/24) was decommissioned. It had been used less often due to its short length, noise impact, and its inconvenient position crossing the main runway making it uneconomic to continue operation. The closure also allowed for apron expansion on both sides of the main runway. However it remains open as a taxiway and a helicopter airstrip.[12]
  • January 2008: Plans for the extension of the airport runway and the construction of the new air traffic control tower were submitted to Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council.
  • June 2008: Work began on building the new three-storey International Pier. It was officially opened on 9 September 2009. As part of the airport's 70th anniversary, the airport welcomed the Airbus A380 as the first user of the pier. The special service was the first commercial A380 flight in the UK to take place outside London Heathrow Airport.
    The new pier is a three-storey construction, 240 metres long and 24 metres wide. Departing passengers will be accommodated on the top level, with arriving passengers on the middle level and office accommodation for airline and handling agents on the ground floor.
    The new facility provides air-bridged aircraft parking for seven wide-bodied aircraft and enough space to serve 13 smaller aircraft at any given time and is capable of accommodating 'next generation' environmentally-efficient wide-bodied aircraft such as the Airbus A380, the Boeing 777 and the Boeing 787 Dreamliner which all serve the airport on a daily basis. The new pier also hosts a new lounge for business class Emirates passengers.[13]
  • March 2009: The runway extension plans were approved.[14]

2010 – date[edit]

  • September 2010: An announcement was made that following the merging of Terminals 1 & 2 in 2011, the airport would drop the International from its official name to become Birmingham Airport.[15] A Midlands-based marketing agency was recruited to "create a new corporate identity that reflects Birmingham Airport's current position in the market place, as well as its future potential". Figures from Birmingham Airport show that 8 million people live within a one hour's drive of the airport, but less than 40% of them use it. It is hoped that the rebrand will make the airport "more visible to the market".[16]
  • November 2010: The new name started to be used.[17] The new logo, interlocking circles in shades of blue, and slogan, "Hello World", were designed to reflect the airport's new positioning as a global travel hub.[18]
  • January 2011: The spectators gallery, 'Aviation Experience', above Terminal 1 closed.[19]
  • January 2011: The airport merged its two terminals into a single Terminal Building. This involved building two new floors added to the airport's terminals. A new Lower Ground Floor accommodates the new Arrivals and Meet & Greet area. The 3rd floor was built in the Millennium Link and the two terminals to accommodate the new Centralised Security Search area.
  • 23 February 2011: It was reported that Birmingham Airport had announced the HS2 extension could be a solution to runway capacity problems in London, citing that will be quicker to get to London from Birmingham than from London Stansted once completed and claimed that the airport had capacity for nine million more passengers.[20]
  • July 2011: Building a new control tower for the airport began,[21] to replace the old tower which has stood at the airport since it was opened in 1939.
  • March 2012: The construction of the new air traffic control tower was completed.
  • 23 April 2012: An Olympic ceremony was held at the airport. The Olympic rings were unveiled on the tower and could be seen from the A45 road and the main terminal building. This was to commemorate the build-up to the London 2012 Olympic games. These rings were removed once the Olympic Games officially closed, just before 2012 Summer Paralympics began.
  • Summer 2012: The new air traffic control tower's equipment was installed. Testing and training began.
  • Autumn 2012: Construction of the runway extension began,[22] whose original target was in time for the 2012 London Olympics and Paralympics).[23] The extension to the southern end of the runway originally required the A45 Coventry Road to be diverted into a tunnel under the extended section, but to cut immediate costs, it was diverted south of the runway instead.[24]
  • Summer 2013: The new air traffic control tower became fully operational.[21]
  • August 2013: The old carriageway of the A45 road was closed and the new carriageway was opened.[25][26]
  • May 2014: 400-metre runway extension was officially opened.[22]
  • Early 2015: The Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan increased its stake in the airport to 48.25%. The Canadian institutional investor firm also has ownership in Bristol Airport (100%).[27]
  • 27 March 2016: Emirates begin daily Airbus A380 flights to Dubai.[28]

Expansion[edit]

In November 2007, the airport published a master plan for the airport named "Towards 2030". It states the airports future intensions and how the airport wishes to remodel itself for the increase of the 21st century traveller. The airport also plans to gain new customers to fly to destinations further afield that until now, have being out of reach from the West Midlands.

Plans for a second runway and a new terminal complex (featuring two new state of the art terminals) to the east of the current site are stated within the updated master plan. These plans come after the proposal to build the HS2 International Station to be located in a triangular area of land between the M42 and A452.

Facilities and infrastructure[edit]

Terminal[edit]

Birmingham Airport currently features a single two-storey passenger terminal building. The ground level features 112 check-in counters (numbered 1-82 and 100-130) in two separate areas labelled as Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 as well as the arrivals facilities and several shops and service counters.[29] The larger first floor consists of the security areas/check-points and a large airside area equipped with several more shops that is connected to 48 departure gates in the two separate terminals - gates 1-20 in Terminal 2 and 40-54 and 55-68 in Terminal 1.[29] Terminal 2 features 9 stands equipped with jet-bridges as well as three walk-boarding stands while Terminal 1 features 11 stands with jet-bridges of which some are able to handle wide-body aircraft.

Runway[edit]

Plans for the extension of the airport's current runway, and the construction of the new air traffic control tower, were submitted to Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council in January 2008, and approved in March 2009.[14] The construction of the runway extension, and the new air traffic control tower, began in March 2011. The extension to the southern end of the runway originally required the A45 Coventry Road to be diverted into a tunnel under the extended section, but to cut immediate costs, it was diverted to the south of the runway instead. In August 2013, the old carriageway of the A45 road was closed, and the new carriageway was opened.[25][26]

Originally, the target for completion was in time for the 2012 London Olympics and Paralympics. However, work began in late 2012, and the runway was completed in early May 2014.[30] The runway extension began to be used by aircraft in May 2014, and was officially opened on 22 July 2014, when China Southern Airlines operated its first charter flight between Birmingham and Beijing. This was the first aircraft that needed to make use of the new runway length.

The extension caused controversy as more than 2,000 local residents complained about the increased noise levels due to the new flight path around the airport that was required after the runway was extended.[30]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Cork, Dublin, Shannon
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air India Amritsar, Delhi
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta
Air Transat Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca
American Airlines New York–JFK
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Innsbruck
BH Air Seasonal: Burgas
Blue Air Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (begins 16 December 2016)[31]
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels[32]
Czech Airlines Prague
Eastern Airways Newcastle upon Tyne
easyJet Belfast-International
Seasonal: Geneva,[33] Grenoble
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Geneva
Emirates Dubai-International
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Hamburg
Evelop Airlines Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca
Flybe Aberdeen, Amsterdam, Belfast-City, Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Guernsey, Hannover, Inverness, Jersey, Knock,[34] Luxembourg (begins 5 September 2016),[35] Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Nantes, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rotterdam (begins 5 September 2016),[36] Stuttgart, Toulouse (resumes 30 October 2016)[37]
Seasonal: Avignon, Bastia, Bergerac, Biarritz, Bordeaux, Brest, Chambéry, Geneva, Innsbruck, Kefalonia, La Rochelle, Limoges, Newquay, Rennes
Flybe
operated by Stobart Air
Isle of Man
Iberia Express Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík
Jet2.com Alicante (begins 31 March 2017),[38] Faro (begins 30 March 2017),[38] Fuerteventura (begins 2 April 2017),[38] Girona (begins 28 April 2017),[38] Gran Canaria (begins 1 April 2017),[38] Heraklion (begins 30 April 2017),[38] Ibiza (begins 27 April 2017),[38] Lanzarote (begins 1 April 2017),[38] Málaga (begins 30 March 2017),[38] Menorca (begins 29 April 2017),[38] Palma de Mallorca (begins 31 March 2017),[38] Paphos (begins 2 April 2017),[38] Reus (begins 29 April 2017),[38] Rhodes (begins 27 April 2017),[38] Tenerife-South (begins 31 March 2017)[38]
KLM Amsterdam
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Monarch Airlines Alicante, Barcelona, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gibraltar, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Lisbon, Málaga, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm el-Sheikh (suspended), Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck (begins 18 December 2016),[39] Madrid, Menorca, Paphos, Preveza, Salzburg, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo
Norwegian Air Shuttle Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Madrid, Málaga, Tenerife-South
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bratislava, Bydgoszcz, Dublin, Faro, Fuerteventura, Girona (begins 27 March 2017), Gdańsk, Gran Canaria, Katowice, Kraków, Lanzarote, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Reus (begins 26 March 2017), Sofia (begins 6 September 2016), Tenerife-South, Verona, Vilnius, Warsaw-Modlin (begins 31 October 2016)
Seasonal: Chania (begins 28 March 2017), Corfu, Ibiza, Perpignan
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Helvetic Airways
Zürich
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich (begins 5 November 2016)
Thomas Cook Airlines Alicante, Antalya, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Malaga, Sharm el-Sheikh (suspended),[40] Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almería, Banjul, Bodrum, Burgas, Comiso (begins 3 May 2017),[41] Corfu, Enfidha, Grenoble, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Izmir, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Malta (begins 4 May 2017),[42] Menorca, Mytilene, Naples (begins 2 May 2017),[43] Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Santorini, Turin, Zakynthos
Thomson Airways Alicante, Antalya, Boa Vista, Cancún, Enfidha (suspended), Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Marrakech, Montego Bay, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Punta Cana, Sal, Sharm el Sheikh (suspended),[44] Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Alghero (begins 6 May 2017), Almería (begins 7 May 2017), Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Catania, Chambéry, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubai-Al Maktoum (begins 8 November 2016), Dubrovnik, Enontekiö, Faro, Geneva, Genoa, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kittilä, Kos, Larnaca, Menorca, Naples, Porto Santo, Pula, Reus, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Salzburg, Santorini, Skiathos, Toulouse, Turin, Zakynthos
Titan Airways Seasonal charter: Chambéry
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
United Airlines Newark
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Málaga (begins 1 November 2016),[45] Tenerife-South
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Poznań, Sofia, Warsaw-Chopin, Wrocław

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Atlantic Airlines Isle of Man
BinAir Charter: Bilbao, Cologne/Bonn, Katowice, Porto
FedEx Express Manchester, Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Traffic and Statistics[edit]

Passenger terminal buildings
The control tower and main runway, with aircraft standing at the main terminal building in the foreground.
Emirates Airbus A380 taking off from Birmingham Airport
Qatar Airways Boeing 787 Dreamliner taxing to the runway at Birmingham Airport
Thomson Airways Boeing 787 Dreamliner at Birmingham Airport

Passenger numbers[edit]

Birmingham handled over 10.1 million passengers in 2015, a record total for the airport making it the seventh busiest UK airport.[4]

Number of
Passengers[46]
Number of
Movements[47]
Birmingham Airport Passenger Totals
2000–2015 (millions)
1997 6,025,485 79,880
1998 6,709,086 88,332
1999 7,013,913 98,749
2000 7,596,893 108,972
2001 7,808,562 111,008
2002 8,027,730 112,284
2003 9,079,172 116,040
2004 8,862,388 109,202
2005 9,381,425 112,963
2006 9,147,384 108,658
2007 9,226,340 114,679
2008 9,627,589 112,227
2009 9,102,899 101,221
2010 8,572,398 95,454
2011 8,616,296 93,145
2012 8,922,539 92,632
2013 9,120,201 95,713
2014 9,705,955 97,346
2015 10,187,122 98,015
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority[4]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest domestic and Crown dependency routes (2015)[4]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % change
2014/15
1 Edinburgh 277,911 Increase02.2
2 Belfast-City 256,023 Decrease01.7
3 Glasgow International 226,704 Decrease01.2
4 Belfast-International 196,202 Increase09.3
5 Aberdeen 115,812 Decrease07.4
6 Jersey 58,735 Increase04.5
7 Isle of Man 42,606 Decrease03.9
8 Inverness 41,359 Increase00.3
9 Guernsey 33,746 Increase034.5
10 Newquay 23,659 Increase031.4
Busiest international routes to and from Birmingham Airport (2015)[4]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change
2014/15
1 Dublin 780,743 Increase018.0
2 Dubai 610,649 Increase015.7
3 Amsterdam 563,915 Increase011.1
4 Paris-Charles de Gaulle 402,975 Increase04.3
5 Frankfurt 314,685 Increase03.9
6 Alicante 301,301 Decrease00.2
7 Malaga 290,778 Increase019.7
8 Tenerife South 273,380 Decrease01.1
9 Palma de Mallorca 254,763 Decrease03.9
10 Düsseldorf 219,051 Increase010.4
11 Lanzarote 218,000 Increase00.0
12 Faro 208,693 Increase02.3
13 Barcelona 193,334 Increase037.7
14 Munich 185,185 Increase04.7
15 Dalaman 170,610 Increase02.6
16 Brussels 143,643 Increase020.0
17 Istanbul 139,296 Increase017.2
18 Delhi 130,092 Increase063.8
19 Sharm el-Sheikh 127,024 Increase06.8
20 Fuerteventura 124,333 Increase09.8

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • 19 January 1973 (1973-01-19): A Vickers VC8 passenger jet G-AZLR inbound from Leeds Bradford Airport suffered a severe port undercarriage failure upon landing.[48]
  • 4 January 2002 (2002-01-04): A Bombardier-CL604 business jet crashed on take-off from runway 15 at Birmingham.[49] The aircraft with registration N90AG was on lease by AGCO corporation and was carrying two company executives, two pilots and an observer. After arriving from Palm Beach International Airport the previous evening, the aircraft was parked overnight at Birmingham where ice formed on the wings due to the cold weather conditions. The following morning the pilots did not request de-icing of the aircraft before their flight to Bangor Airport in Maine. The ice on the wings caused one wing to dip on take off, the aircraft inverted, crashed into grass beside the runway and caught fire. There were no survivors. Sleeping pills taken by both pilots the night before the crash are thought to have been a factor in reducing the pilots' judgment.
  • 23 February 2006 (2006-02-23): Mahan Air Airbus A310 operating a flight from Tehran, Iran, was involved in a serious incident while on approach to Birmingham International Airport. The aircraft descended to the published minimum descent altitude of 740 ft despite still being 11 nm from the runway threshold. At a point 6 nm from the runway the aircraft had descended to an altitude of 660 ft, which was 164 ft above ground level. Having noticed the descent profile, Birmingham Air traffic control issued an immediate climb instruction to the aircraft, however, the crew had already commenced a missed approach, having received a GPWS alert. The aircraft was radar vectored for a second approach during which the flight crew again initiated an early descent. On this occasion, the radar controller instructed the crew to maintain their altitude and the crew successfully completed the approach to a safe landing. The accident investigation determined that the primary cause was use of the incorrect DME for the approach, combined with a substantial breakdown in Crew Resource Management. Three safety recommendations were made.[50]
  • 15 June 2006 (2006-06-15): A TNT Airways cargo 737-300 made an emergency landing at Birmingham with damaged landing gear.[51] The aircraft, registration OO-TND, had been flying from Liege in Belgium to Stansted. Due to poor visibility at Stansted the flight diverted to East Midlands Airport. As the weather at East Midlands was also poor, the aircraft performed a full autopilot approach. During this approach the autopilot momentarily disengaged causing it to deviate from the course. The aircraft hit the grass to the side of the runway, which caused the right main gear to detach. The crew initiated a go-around, declared an emergency and diverted to Birmingham. After it landed on Birmingham's main runway, the airport was closed for a number of hours. The pilots were unharmed.[52] However, the company ascribed the incident to human error and both pilots were dismissed.[53] The official report into the accident highlighted a number of factors contributing to the accident – poor weather forecast information; a message passed from Air Traffic Control to the aircraft at an "inappropriate" time; the pilot accidentally disconnecting the autopilot when attempting to respond to the message; the pilot losing "situational awareness" and failing to abort the landing.[54] Follow this link for a more detailed report and Official reports from the AAIB.[55]
  • 19 November 2010 (2010-11-19): A Cessna Citation aircraft, registration G-VUEM, crashed at Birmingham Airport during final approach in thick fog. Reports from West Midlands Police were that there were two casualties, one critical. The aircraft was bringing a human liver from Belfast airport, for a transplant operation which was subsequently completed successfully.[56] The airport reopened at around mid-day the following day.

Security incidents[edit]

  • 6 June 2007 (2007-06-06): The Tonight with Trevor McDonald programme exposed serious security flaws at Birmingham Airport over six months. Fifteen members of staff working for the security contractor "ICTS UK Ltd" were suspended and subsequently dismissed for gross misconduct.[57] Members of security were filmed asleep on duty, reading magazines whilst operating x-ray scanners, leaving aircraft unguarded, and ignoring bags sent for extra security checks, as well as being understaffed. The security lapse was deemed so serious, that Bennie Thompson, the chairman of the US Congress Homeland Security Committee, commented on it in the United States Congress and advised that all flights to and from Birmingham Airport should cease.[58] ICTS dismissed the members of staff shown in the programme for their actions, but still claimed that the footage had been "contrived to exaggerate and sensationalise" the issues.[59]
  • 8 June 2009 (2009-06-08): The West Midlands Police helicopter (G-WMAO) was destroyed by arsonists,[60] and subsequently written off.[61] A year later, a new Eurocopter EC135 similar to G-WMAO was handed over to West Midlands Police at the Farnborough Airshow. Thousands of pounds have now been spent upgrading security surrounding the new police helicopter.[62]
  • 17 July 2014 (2014-07-17): A member of the public got onto the airfield through a restricted area of the terminal by crawling through the opening of a baggage carousel and getting onto the airport's tarmac apron, and then got aboard a Lufthansa Embraer 195 plane.[63]

Ground transportation[edit]

The AirRail Link joins the railway station to the airport, operated by a track and pulley system
The proposed 'Birmingham Interchange'

Public transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Birmingham Airport is served by Birmingham International station. The station is on the West Coast Main Line between Birmingham and London, and trains are operated by London Midland, Virgin Trains, Arriva Trains Wales and CrossCountry. Access between the railway station and the airport terminal is provided by the free AirRail Link.[64]

Proposed High Speed Two[edit]

As part of the proposed High Speed Two rail link, a new railway station called Birmingham Interchange would be built to serve both the airport and the National Exhibition Centre. The station would be built on the far side of the M42 motorway and connect to the airport using a "rapid transit people mover". If the project is given the go ahead, High Speed Two is currently planned for completion by 2026.[65]

Bus and coach[edit]

National Express West Midlands operates the main bus routes calling at Birmingham Airport, those being the number 900 to Birmingham city centre and Coventry, and the 966 to Erdington and Solihull. Additionally service 97A to Birmingham via Chelmsley Wood now runs to the airport 24hrs a day.[66] Other smaller operators also call at the airport. Bus stops are situated outside Terminal One.[67] Most buses are operated by National Express West Midlands, who do not give change when selling tickets, so foreign travellers will need to ensure they have British coins when taking a local bus. However adult daysavers can be purchased with euros for 5 euros.[68]

National Express Coaches operate various long distance coaches calling at Birmingham Airport on the way to or from Birmingham Coach Station, such as the 777 and the 422.

Taxi[edit]

Black cabs are available at the taxi-rank outside the arrivals area of the terminal.

Car[edit]

Birmingham Airport is accessible from the north and south via Junction Six of the M42 motorway. From Birmingham city centre, the A45 runs directly to the airport. There is a drop-off area available outside the terminal; charges apply when parking for more than ten minutes.

Bicycle[edit]

The only cycle route available heads south over the A45 travelling towards Solihull. Birmingham Airport have however published "recommended routes" for cyclists.[69] Free short term cycle parking is available close to the terminal. For longer stays, bicycles must be stored in Left Luggage for a charge.[70]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Birmingham Airport". Airport Watch. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.flybe.com/birminghamhub/
  3. ^ "NATS - AIS - Home". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 25 March 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "We're Saying 'Hello World' As We Relaunch Our Brand". Birmingham Airport. 
  6. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "The History of Birmingham International Airport". Birmingham International Airport. Retrieved 29 April 2008. 
  8. ^ "The History of Birmingham International Airport". Birmingham International Airport. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "Birmingham Airport Award". Airports Council International. Retrieved 27 November 2007. 
  10. ^ "Birmingham Airport Master Plan". Birmingham Airport. 
  11. ^ "Birmingham Airport reveals vision of new runway". Birmingham Post. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "Airport closes its oldest runway". BBC. 28 December 2007. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Emirates opens £1,3 million lounge for passengers at Birmingham". Birmingham Mail. 
  14. ^ a b Birmingham Airport Runway Planning Notice
  15. ^ "Birmingham Airport changes name". Birmingham Mail. 
  16. ^ "New Agency to Manage Rebrand Announced". birminghamairport.com. 
  17. ^ "Birmingham Airport (home page)". Retrieved 4 November 2010. 
  18. ^ Communicate magazine Birmingham Airport says 'Hello' to a new identity, Communicate magazine, November 2010
  19. ^ "Plane spotting at Birmingham Airport". TMC Ltd. 
  20. ^ "HS2 'will bring Birmingham Airport closer to London'". BBC News. 23 February 2011. 
  21. ^ a b "New Air Traffic Control Facility". Birmingham Airport. 
  22. ^ a b Smith, Graham. "Birmingham Airport runway extension ready next week". 
  23. ^ "Runway extension at Birmingham International Airport could be completed by 2012 Olympic Games". Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  24. ^ Cartledge, James. "Birmingham Airport runway scheme back on track". 
  25. ^ a b "Birmingham Airport runway extension work starts". BBC News Online. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
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External links[edit]

Media related to Birmingham Airport at Wikimedia Commons