Birmingham Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham Central
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members One
Created from Birmingham

Birmingham Central is a former parliamentary constituency in the city of Birmingham, England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.

The constituency was created upon the abolition of the Birmingham constituency in 1885, and was itself abolished for the 1918 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Before 1885 the city of Birmingham, in the county of Warwickshire, had been a three-member constituency (see Birmingham (UK Parliament constituency) for further details). Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham was split into seven single-member divisions, one of which was Birmingham Central. It consisted of the wards of Market Hall, Ladywood, and St Thomas's.

The division was bounded to the west and south-west by Birmingham Edgbaston, to the north by Birmingham North, to the north-east by Birmingham East and to the south and south-east by Birmingham South.

In the 1918 redistribution of parliamentary seats, the Representation of the People Act 1918 provided for twelve new Birmingham divisions. The Central division was abolished.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 John Bright Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1889 John Albert Bright Liberal Unionist
1895 Ebenezer Parkes Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Churchill
General Election 1885: Birmingham Central [1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. John Bright 4,989 54.2 n/a
Conservative Rt Hon. Lord Randolph Churchill 4,216 45.8 n/a
Majority 773 8.4 n/a
Turnout 84.3 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
Bright
General Election 1886: Birmingham Central [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Rt Hon. John Bright unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
Birmingham Central by-election, 1889 [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Albert Bright 5,621
Liberal William Phipson Beale 2,561
Majority 3,060
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Birmingham Central [7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Albert Bright 5,525
Liberal Jesse Herbert 1,522
Majority 4,003
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
Parkes
General Election 1895: Birmingham Central [9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edward Ebenezer Parkes unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Birmingham Central [11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edward Ebenezer Parkes unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1906: Birmingham Central [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edward Ebenezer Parkes 5,684
Liberal TG Lee 2,075
Majority 3,609
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Birmingham Central [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edward Ebenezer Parkes 6,015
Liberal Arthur Brampton 1,711
Majority
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Birmingham Central [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edward Ebenezer Parkes 4,640
Liberal Henry John Manton 1,417
Majority
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  5. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  6. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  7. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  8. ^ The Constitutional Year Book, 1904
  9. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  11. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  13. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916