Birmingham Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham Central
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Number of members One
Created from Birmingham

Birmingham Central is a former parliamentary constituency in the city of Birmingham, England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.

The constituency was created upon the abolition of the Birmingham constituency in 1885, and was itself abolished for the 1918 general election.


Before 1885 the city of Birmingham, in the county of Warwickshire, had been a three-member constituency (see Birmingham (UK Parliament constituency) for further details). Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham was split into seven single-member divisions, one of which was Birmingham Central. It consisted of the wards of Market Hall, Ladywood, and St Thomas's.

The division was bounded to the west and south-west by Birmingham Edgbaston, to the north by Birmingham North, to the north-east by Birmingham East and to the south and south-east by Birmingham South.

In the 1918 redistribution of parliamentary seats, the Representation of the People Act 1918 provided for twelve new Birmingham divisions. The Central division was abolished.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 John Bright Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1889 by-election John Albert Bright Liberal Unionist
1895 Sir Edward Ebenezer Parkes Liberal Unionist
1912 Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished


See also[edit]