Birmingham Hodge Hill (UK Parliament constituency)
|Birmingham Hodge Hill|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Birmingham Hodge Hill in Birmingham
Location of Birmingham within England
|Population||121,678 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||75,985 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Liam Byrne (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Birmingham Stechford|
Members of Parliament
The current Member of Parliament is Liam Byrne of the Labour Party, who was elected in the 2004 by-election. He succeeded Terry Davis, who had held the seat since its creation in the 1983 general election. For the four years from the 1979 general election Davis held the largely predecessor constituency to the area, Birmingham Stechford.
|1983||Terry Davis||Labour||Resigned 2004|
|2004 by-election||Liam Byrne||Labour||Chief Secretary to the Treasury 2009-2010|
1983–2010: The City of Birmingham wards of Hodge Hill, Shard End, and Washwood Heath.
The constituency covers a diverse area of east Birmingham, including the predominantly Asian inner-city area of Washwood Heath and the mostly white area of Shard End on the city's eastern boundary, as well as Hodge Hill itself. The constituency has a high percentage of residents on a low income bracket and a roughly equal three-way split of social housing, privately rented and privately owned homes leading to one of highest Indices of Multiple Deprivation in the West Midlands for its central area.
The constituency was created in 1983, taking much of abolished Birmingham Stechford the remainder of which bolstered Birmingham Yardley (principally Stechford itself). The predecessor seat was won by the Labour candidate in all but one election since its 1950 creation.
In 2004 the appointment of the sitting Member of Parliament (MP), Terry Davis, as secretary general of the Council of Europe resulted in a fiercely contested by-election. The seat saw a strong result by the Liberal Democrat candidate,[n 3] who hoped to build on her party's previous by-election gain at Brent East, as well as vote splitting by the similarly-aligned-to-Labour, anti-war RESPECT The Unity Coalition candidate. On a low turnout, the incumbent held the seat by a margin of 460 votes over the Liberal Democrats. The 2015 result made the seat the 9th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
Elections in the 2010s
|Conservative||Akaal Singh Sidhu||6,742||15.0||0.8|
|Brexit Party||Jill Dagnan||1,519||3.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Waheed Rafiq1||760||1.7||0.1|
1: The Liberal Democrats suspended Waheed Rafiq from the party, over numerous antisemitic, and other offensive social media posts. It was too late to prevent him standing in the election and his name remained on the ballot paper as a Liberal Democrat. Rafiq polled the lowest percentage for any Liberal Democrat candidate in the 2019 election.
|Liberal Democrats||Phil Bennion||805||1.7||4.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Phil Bennion||2,624||6.4||21.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Tariq Khan||11,775||27.7||2.1|
Elections in the 2000s
Note: percentage changes are from the figures at the 2001 general election, not the 2004 by-election.
|Liberal Democrats||Nicola S. Davies||8,373||29.5||21.4|
|Conservative||Deborah H. Thomas||3,768||13.3||6.7|
|BNP||Denis H. Adams||1,445||5.1||N/A|
|UKIP||Adrian D. Duffen||680||2.4||1.4|
|Peace and Progress||Azmat Begg||329||1.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Nicola S. Davies||6,991||34.2||26.1|
|National Front||Jim W. Starkey||805||3.9||N/A|
|English Democrat||Mark K. Wheatley||277||1.4||N/A|
|Christian Vote||George Hargreaves||90||0.4||N/A|
|Conservative||Debbie A. Lewis||5,283||20.0||4.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Charles Dow||2,147||8.1||0.4|
|People's Justice||Perwaz Hussain||561||2.1||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Dennis Cridge||284||1.1||N/A|
|UKIP||Harvey B. Vivian||275||1.0||0.9|
|Muslim Party||Ayub Khan||125||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Hadyn Thomas||2,891||8.5||0.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Sean Hagan||3,740||9.2||5.2|
|National Front||Eddy Whicker||370||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|National Front||Norman Tomkinson||529||1.3||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- In the same way as by-election in Leicester South, held on the same day by the Labour Party
- "Birmingham, Hodge Hill: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Birmingham Hodge Hill Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
- Wickham, Alex (20 November 2019). "The Lib Dems Have Suspended A Candidate Who Repeatedly Made Antisemitic Remarks". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and notice of poll". Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- "Birmingham Hodge Hill results". BBC News. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Birmingham Hodge Hill parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Birmingham City Council: General Election 2010". Archived from the original on 8 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Birmingham Hodge Hill [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2012.