Birmingham Hodge Hill (UK Parliament constituency)
|Birmingham, Hodge Hill|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Birmingham, Hodge Hill in Birmingham.
Location of Birmingham within England.
|Population||121,678 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||75,985 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Liam Byrne (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Birmingham Stechford|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
The constituency was created in 1983, largely replacing the Birmingham Stechford constituency.
Hodge Hill is a traditionally Labour-governed area, normally seeing large majorities for the party. However, in 2004 the appointment of the sitting Member of Parliament (MP), Terry Davis, as secretary general of the Council of Europe resulted in a fiercely contested by-election. The seat saw a fierce challenge by the Liberal Democrats[n 3] who hoped to build on their previous by-election gain at Brent East, as well as competition for the anti-war vote from RESPECT The Unity Coalition. On a low turnout, Labour's Liam Byrne held the seat by a margin of just 460 votes over the Liberal Democrats, with RESPECT taking over 1000 votes.
1983-2010: The City of Birmingham wards of Hodge Hill, Shard End, and Washwood Heath.
2010–present: The City of Birmingham wards of Bordesley Green, Hodge Hill, Shard End, and Washwood Heath.
The constituency covers a diverse area of east Birmingham, including the predominantly Asian inner-city area of Washwood Heath and the mostly white area of Shard End on the city's eastern boundary, as well as Hodge Hill itself. The constituency has a high percentage of residents on a low income bracket and a roughly equal three-way split of social housing, privately rented and privately owned homes leading to one of highest Indices of Multiple Deprivation in the West Midlands for its central area.
Members of Parliament
The current Member of Parliament is Liam Byrne of the Labour Party, who was elected in the 2004 by-election. He succeeded Terry Davis, who had held the seat since its creation in the 1983 general election. For the four years from the 1979 general election Davis held the largely predecessor constituency to the area, Birmingham Stechford.
|1983||Terry Davis||Labour||Resigned 2004|
|2004 by-election||Liam Byrne||Labour||Chief Secretary to the Treasury 2009-2010|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Labour||Liam Byrne ||28,069||68.4||+16.4|
|Conservative||Kieran Mullan ||4,707||11.5||−0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Phil Bennion||2,624||6.4||−21.3|
|General Election 2010: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Liberal Democrat||Tariq Khan||11,775||27.7||−2.1|
|Social Democratic||Peter Johnson||637||1.5||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
Note: percentage changes are from the figures at the 2001 general election, not the 2004 by-election.
|General Election 2005: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Nicola S. Davies||8,373||29.5||+21.4|
|Conservative||Miss Deborah H. Thomas||3,768||13.3||−6.7|
|BNP||Denis H. Adams||1,445||5.1||N/A|
|UKIP||Adrian D. Duffen||680||2.4||+1.4|
|Peace and Progress||Azmat Begg||329||1.2||N/A|
|by-election 2004: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Nicola S. Davies||6,991||34.2||+26.1|
|Conservative||Stephen John Arthur Eyre||3,543||17.3||−2.7|
|National Front||Jim W. Starkey||805||3.9||N/A|
|English Democrats||Mark K. Wheatley||277||1.4||N/A|
|Christian Vote||Rev. George Hargreaves||90||0.4||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Birmingham, Hodge Hill|
|Labour||Terence Anthony Gordon Davis||16,901||63.9||−1.7|
|Conservative||Mrs. Debbie A. Lewis||5,283||20.0||−4.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Charles Alistair Dow||2,147||8.1||−0.4|
|People's Justice||Perwaz Hussain||561||2.1||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Dennis Cridge||284||1.1||N/A|
|UKIP||Harvey B. Vivian||275||1.0||−0.9|
|Muslim Party||Ayub Khan||125||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Labour||Terence Anthony Gordon Davis||22,398||65.6||+12.0|
|Conservative||Edward Alexander Gordon Grant||8,198||24.0||−12.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Hadyn Alan Thomas||2,891||8.5||−0.7|
|UKIP||Peter Frank Johnson||660||1.9||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Labour||Terence Anthony Gordon Davis||21,895||53.6||+4.9|
|Conservative||Miss Elizabeth Margaret Gibson||14,827||36.3||−0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Sean Christopher Garland Hagan||3,740||9.2||−5.2|
|National Front||Eddy John Whicker||370||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Labour||Terence Anthony Gordon Davis||19,872||48.7||+1.1|
|Conservative||Stephen John Arthur Eyre||15,083||37.0||+1.7|
|Liberal||Kenneth George Hardeman||5,868||14.4||−1.5|
|General Election 1983: Birmingham Hodge Hill|
|Labour||Terence Anthony Gordon Davis||19,692||47.6||N/A|
|Conservative||Peter Michael Roe||14,600||35.3||N/A|
|Liberal||Graham Alfred Gopsill||6,557||15.9||N/A|
|National Front||Norman Douglas William Tomkinson||529||1.3||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- In the same way as by-election in Leicester South, held on the same day by the Labour Party
- "Birmingham, Hodge Hill: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- West Midlands Green Party
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Birmingham City Council: General Election 2010
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 17 September 2012.